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Psalm 22

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Psalm 22

Psalm 22:1-8 in the St. Albans Psalter. The first words of the Psalm in the Latin Vulgate are "Deus, Deus meus," abbreviated here as DS DS MS.

Psalm 22 is the 22nd psalm (Septuagint numbering 21) in the Book of Psalms.

Aijeleth Shahar

Aijeleth Shahar or Ayelet HaShachar (Hebrew: "hind of the dawn") is found in the title of the Psalm. It is probably the name of some song or tune to the measure of which the psalm was to be chanted. Some, however, understand by the name some instrument of music, or an allegorical allusion to the subject of the psalm.

Uses

Judaism

Christianity

The New Testament makes numerous allusions to Psalm 22, mainly during the crucifixion of Jesus.

  • "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" (Psalm 22:1; Mark 15:34; Matthew 27:46)
  • "They hurl insults, shaking their heads." (Psalm 22:7; Mark 15:29; Matthew 27:39)
  • "They divide my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment." (Psalm 22:18; Mark 15:24; Matthew 27:35; Luke 23:34; John 19:24)
  • "I will declare your name to my people; in the assembly I will praise you." (Psalm 22:22; Hebrews 2:12)

Christians also contend "They have pierced my hands and my feet". (Psalm 22:16), and "I can count all my bones" (Psalm 22:17) indicate the manner of Christ's crucifixion, being nailed to the cross (John 20:25) and also that, per the Levitical code, no bones of the sacrifice (Numbers 9:11-13) may be broken.

In the Roman Rite of the period before 1955, this psalm was sung at the Stripping of the Altar on Maundy Thursday to signify the stripping of Christ's garments before crucifixion. The psalm was preceded and followed by the antiphon "Diviserunt sibi vestimenta mea: et super vestem meam miserunt sortem" (They divided my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment).[6]

In popular culture

Vocalist Burton Cummings recites verses 13–15 at the end of The Guess Who’s 1970 song "Hang on to Your Life".

System of a Down quotes "Why have you forsaken me?" in their song "Chop Suey!".

See also

References

  1. ^ The Artscroll Tehillim p. 329
  2. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur p. 155
  3. ^ The Complete Artscroll Machzor for Rosh Hashanah p. 353
  4. ^ The Complete Artscroll Siddur p. 80
  5. ^ The Complete Artscroll Machzor for Rosh Hashanah p. 321
  6. ^

External links

  • Text of Psalm 22
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