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RMS Carmania (1905)

History
Name: RMS Carmania
Owner: Cunard Line
Port of registry: United Kingdom
Builder: John Brown & Company, Clydebank
Yard number: 366 [1]
Launched: 21 February 1905
Maiden voyage: 2 December 1905
Fate: Scrapped in 1932 at Blyth, Northumberland
General characteristics
Tonnage: 19,524 grt
Length: 650.4 ft (198.2 m)
Beam: 72.2 ft (22.0 m)
Installed power: Steam turbines
Propulsion: three propellers
Speed: 18 knots
Capacity: 2,650, reduced to 1,440 in 1923

RMS Carmania was a British ocean liner designed by Leonard Peskett and built by John Brown & Company for the Cunard Line. In World War I, the Carmania was converted to an armed merchant cruiser.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Gallery 2
  • References 3
  • External Links 4

History

When launched, the Carmania and her running mate, the Caronia, were the largest ships in the Cunard fleet.[3] The Carmania had steam turbines and the Caronia had quadruple-expansion engines.[4] Another feature that differentiated the two liners was that Carmania had two tall forward deck ventilator cowls while they were absent on Caronia. The Carmania traveled the New York-Liverpool route from 1905 to 1910. In the spring of 1906, it carried H.G. Wells to America for the first time; he noted in a book about his travels that "This Carmania isn't the largest ship nor the finest, nor is to be the last. Greater ships are to follow and greater."[5] The Carmania suffered one major fire in June 1910. In October 1913, while eastward bound, she responded to a distress call from the Volturno to pick up survivors in a storm, resulting in many awards for gallantry being presented to various members of her crew and Captain James Clayton Barr.[6]

Following the outbreak of World War I, the Carmania was converted into an armed merchant cruiser, equipped with eight 4.7 inch guns, and put under the command of Captain Noel Grant. She sailed from Liverpool to Shell Bay in Bermuda. She subsequently engaged and sank the German merchant cruiser SMS Cap Trafalgar, during the Battle of Trindade. At the time Cap Trafalgar's appearance had been altered to resemble Carmania. [7] The ship suffered extensive damage herself and several casualties to her crew. After repairs in Gibraltar, she patrolled the coast of Portugal and the Atlantic islands for the next two years. In 1916, she was summoned to assist in the Gallipoli campaign. From May 1916, she was used as a troop ship. After the war, she transported Canadian troops back from Europe.

By 1919, she returned to passenger liner service, being refitted in 1923. In 1932, she was sold to Hughes Bolckow & Co., and scrapped at Blyth.[8]

Gallery

References

  1. ^
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  5. ^ H.G. Wells, The Future in America: A Search after Realities (New York and London: Harper and Brothers, 1906), pp. 21-24, 28-29, 32-35.
  6. ^
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  8. ^

External Links

  • Video dedicated to RMS Camarania

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