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Randall Lee Gibson

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Title: Randall Lee Gibson  
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Subject: Tulane University, United States congressional delegations from Louisiana, Louisiana's 1st congressional district, Effingham Lawrence, Carleton Hunt, Tulane University Law School, Gibson Hall
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Randall Lee Gibson

Randall L. Gibson
United States Senator
from Louisiana
In office
Preceded by William P. Kellogg
Succeeded by Donelson Caffery
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 1st district
In office
Preceded by Effingham Lawrence
Succeeded by Carleton Hunt
Personal details
Born (1832-09-10)September 10, 1832
Versailles, Kentucky
Died December 15, 1892(1892-12-15) (aged 60)
Hot Springs, Arkansas
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Yale University
Military service
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
Service/branch  Confederate States Army
Years of service 1861-1865
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Civil War

Randall Lee Gibson (September 10, 1832 – December 15, 1892) was a U.S. Senator and a member of the House of Representatives from Louisiana. He was also a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army, a regent of the Smithsonian Institution, and a president of the board of administrators of Tulane University.

Early life

Gibson was born at "Spring Hill", Versailles, Kentucky,[1] the son of a plantation owner. He was educated in leading Louisiana schools. In 1853 he graduated from Yale University, where he was a member of the Scroll and Key society, after which he received a bachelor of laws (LL.B) from the University of Louisiana, later Tulane University.

Civil War

Soon after the state's secession from the Union, Gibson became an aide to Gov. Thomas O. Moore. In March 1861, he left the capital to join the 1st Louisiana Artillery. Later in the year, he was commissioned as colonel of the 13th Louisiana Infantry. Gibson fought at the Battle of Shiloh and subsequent actions. With the Army of the Mississippi, he took part in the 1862 Kentucky Campaign and the Battle of Chickamauga. After being promoted to brigadier general on January 11, 1864, he fought in the Atlanta Campaign and the Franklin-Nashville Campaign; he then was assigned to the defense of Mobile, Alabama. He inspired his troops to hold Spanish Fort, which was under siege, until the last moment, after which they escaped at night on April 8, 1865.

Postbellum career

Gibson served Louisiana as a Democrat in the House of Representatives from 1875 to 1883; at the freshman's prompting on December 10, 1875, the Committee on the Mississippi Levees was created to inquire into building and repairing levees. The committee's name was changed to the Levees and Improvements of the Mississippi River on November 7, 1877.[2] He also served as a senator from 1883 to 1892. He died while still a senator in Hot Springs, Arkansas, and is buried at Lexington Cemetery in Lexington, Kentucky.[3]

In memoriam

Gibson Hall on the campus of Tulane University is named for Senator Gibson, who was instrumental after the war in helping fund and continue the public University of Louisiana as the private Tulane University of Louisiana.

See also

Biography portal
American Civil War portal



External links

  • Congressional biography
Preceded by
Effingham Lawrence
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's 1st congressional district

Succeeded by
Carleton Hunt
Preceded by
William P. Kellogg
United States Senator (Class 2) from Louisiana
Served alongside: Benjamin F. Jonas, James B. Eustis, Edward D. White
Succeeded by
Donelson Caffery


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