World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Republic of China Navy

Article Id: WHEBN0001715978
Reproduction Date:

Title: Republic of China Navy  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Allen M. Sumner-class destroyer, Kidd-class destroyer, Republic of China Armed Forces, Tench-class submarine, Newport-class tank landing ship
Collection: Republic of China Navy
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Republic of China Navy

Republic of China Navy
中華民國海軍
Zhōnghuá Mínguó Hǎijūn
Active 1924-present
Country  Taiwan
Type Navy
Size 38,000 personnel
114 ships including:
4 Destroyers
26 Frigates
8 Minesweepers
2 Dock Landing Ships
9 Tank Landing Ships
4 Submarines
Part of Republic of China Armed Forces
Colors white     
Website navy.mnd.gov.tw (English)
Commanders
Commander-in-chief Admiral Lee Hsi-ming (李喜明)[1]
Deputy Commander-in-chief Vice Admiral Huang Shu-kuang (黃曙光)
Deputy Commander-in-chief Vice Admiral
Insignia
Naval Ensign
Naval Jack

The Republic of China Navy (ROCN; Chinese: 中華民國海軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Hǎijūn) is the maritime branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces. The ROC Navy's primary mission is to defend ROC territories and the sea lanes that surround Taiwan against a blockade, attack, or possible invasion by forces of the People's Republic of China. Operations include maritime patrols in the Taiwan Strait and surrounding waters, as well as counter-strike and counter-invasion operations during wartime. The Republic of China Marine Corps functions as a branch of the Navy.

The ship prefix for ROCN combatants is ROCS (Republic of China Ship); an older usage is CNS (Chinese Navy Ship).

Contents

  • Organization 1
    • Republic of China Navy Command Headquarters (中華民國國防部海軍司令部) 1.1
  • History 2
    • 1914–1949 2.1
    • 1949–Present 2.2
  • Equipment 3
  • Combatants 4
    • Submarines 4.1
    • Destroyers and Frigates 4.2
    • Fast Attack Missile Craft and Patrol Ship 4.3
    • Minesweepers 4.4
    • Amphibious 4.5
    • Support 4.6
    • Aircraft 4.7
  • Bases 5
  • See also 6
  • References & notes 7
  • External links 8

Organization

Republic of China Navy Command Headquarters (中華民國國防部海軍司令部)

Navy CHQs is subordinate to the General Staff, the Minister of Defense, and the ROC President.
  • Internal units: Personnel, Combat Readiness & Training, Logistics, Planning, Combat Systems, General Affairs, Comptroller, Inspector General, Political Warfare.
  • Naval Fleets Command (艦隊指揮部)
1st Hai Chiao Guided Missile Boat/Craft Squadron of 10 Kuang Hua VI-class missile boat at Suao naval base
2nd Hai Chiao Guided Missile Boat/Craft Squadron of 10 Kuang Hua VI-class missile boat
3rd Hai Chiao Guided Missile Boat/Craft Squadron of 10 Hai Ou-class missile boat (Dvora class)
4th Hai Chiao Guided Missile Boat/Craft Squadron of 10 Hai Ou-class missile boat (Dvora class)
5th Hai Chiao Guided Missile Boat/Craft Squadron of 11 Kuang Hua VI-class missile boat[2][3]
  • Hai Feng Shore Based Anti-ship Missile Group (海鋒大隊), operates 6 batteries of fixed/mobile HF-2 anti-ship missiles.
  • 7th Hai Feng Shore Based Anti-ship Missile Squadron (海鋒大隊第七中隊), Haulien, Eastern Taiwan.[4][5][6]
  • Naval Aviation, at Pingtung, will receive 12 P-3C 2013/2014.
  • 1st ASW Aviation Group
  • 133rd Squadron: S-2T, at Pingtung.
  • 134th Squadron: S-2T, at Pingtung.
  • 2nd ASW Aviation Group
  • 701st Helicopter Squadron (Light), S-70C(M)-1, at Hualien.
  • 702nd Helicopter Squadron (Light), S-70C(M)-2, at Tsoying.
  • 501st Helicopter Squadron (Light), 500MD ASW, at Tsoying.
  • Maintenance Group
  • 1st Maintenance Squadron (Pingtung)
  • 2nd Maintenance Squadron (Tsoying)
  • 3rd Maintenance Squadron (Hualien)
  • Marine Corps Command (陸戰隊指揮部)
  • Education, Training and Doctrine Command (教育訓練暨準則發展司令部)
  • Logistics Command (後勤司令部)
  • Naval Academy, Hydrographic & Oceanographic Bureau, Shipbuilding Development Center, Communication Systems, General Service.

Sources:[7][8][9]

History

Republic of China Navy

Leadership
Ministry of Defense
Commands
Republic of China Marine Corps
Personnel
Rank insignia
Equipment
Ships
History and Traditions
Naval history of China
Orders, Decorations and Medals
List of orders, decorations and medals
Order of Blue Sky and White Sun

1914–1949

See also Naval history of China

ROCN delegation in Washington D.C., 1930.

The precursor to the modern ROC Navy was established as the Ministry of the Navy in the Provisional Government of the Republic of China in 1911 following the overthrow of the Qing dynasty. During the period of warlordism that scarred China in the 1920s and 1930s the ROCN remained loyal to the Kuomintang government of Sun Yat-sen instead of the warlord government in Beijing. During that time and throughout World War II, the ROCN concentrated mainly on riverine warfare as the poorly equipped ROCN was not a match to Imperial Japanese Navy over ocean or coast.[10]

Following World War II, a number of Japanese destroyers and scrapped U.S. ships were transferred to the ROC Navy. During the 新海軍).

1949–Present

Following the relocation of the ROC government to Taiwan, the ROCN was involved in a number of commando attack escorts, evacuation and transport of more displaced soldiers and later to provide patrols and resupply operations to Kinmen and Matsu in the Taiwan Strait and South China Sea offshore islands.

Since the 1990s the Navy has grown in importance as the emphasis of the ROC's military doctrine moves towards countering a possible People's Republic of China (PRC) blockade, as well as offshore engagement. The ROCN has been working hard to expand its capability in electronic and anti-submarine warfare, as well as the replacement of its current antiquated fleet.[8] However local shipbuilder CSBC still lacks the technology to build modern submarines.[11]

Equipment

ROC Navy Kang Ding-class (Lafayette-class) frigate with S-70C helicopter

Traditionally, most ROCN equipment is purchased from the United States, though several ships have been built domestically under licence or through domestic development. The ROCN has also purchased Lafayette-class frigates from France and Zwaardvis-class submarines from the Netherlands as well as four U.S. Kidd-class (renamed Keelung) destroyers originally intended for Iran.

Despite the ROCN refurbishing and extending the service life of its vessels and equipment, it has suffered from procurement difficulties due to pressures exerted by the PRC. It has only two useful submarines. The U.S. has approved sales of eight new diesel powered submarines but lacks the manufacturing capability to make the engines; at the same time, threats from the PRC prevent the necessary technology transfer from other countries. Furthermore, the Legislative Yuan did not approve the budget and thereby slowed the opportunity to procure the badly needed underwater defense capability.

In 2003 the US Government suggested buying four Nazario Sauro-class refurbished submarines from Italy, that reportedly agreed to sell them plus an additional four other submarines, following their decommissioning by the Italian Navy. However, Taipei rejected the offer, saying it wanted new submarines

On 12 September 2007, an arms notification was sent to the United States Congress concerning an order for 12 P-3C Orion patrol aircraft and 3 "spare aircraft", along with an order for 144 SM-2 Block IIIA surface-to-air missiles.[12] A contract was awarded to Lockheed Martin to refurbish the 12 P-3C Orion aircraft for the ROC on 13 March 2009, with deliveries to start in 2012.[13]

In 2008, the ROCN set out to acquire an improved anti-ship capability. On 26 August, an arms notification was sent to Congress for an order for 60 air-launched Harpoon Block II missiles for the 12 P-3C.[14] On 3 October, an arms notification was sent to Congress for an order for 32 submarine-launched Harpoon Block II missiles.[15][16] At least a portion of these missiles will be installed on the navy's Hai Lung-class submarines.

On 29 January 2010, the U.S. government announced 5 notifications to the U.S. Congress for arms sales to the ROC. In the contracts total 6.392 billion USD, ROC Navy will get 2 Osprey-class minehunters for 105 million USD, 25 Link 16 terminals on ships for 340 millions, 10 ship- and 2 air-launched Harpoon L/II for 37 million USD.[17][18]

The ROC Navy already has 95 older Harpoon missiles in its inventory for the 8 Knox-class frigates, 22 newer RGM-84L for the 4 Kidd-class destroyers, 32 sub-launched Harpoon II on order for the 2 Hai Lung-class submarines, and with 60 air-launched Harpoon Block II anti-ship missile on order for the 12 P-3Cs, plus the newly announced 10 ship-launched and 2 air-launched Harpoon II/L sales.[19]

On 31 August 2010, it was announced for next year's defense budget, ROCN planned to lease 1 or 2 more Newport-class tank landing ships (LST) from the United States, but the 900-ton stealth corvette plan was put on hold, due to lack of funds.[20] That same year, On 29 September, the U.S. Congress passed a resolution, authorizing the U.S. Government for the sale of 1 more Osprey-class minehunter to the ROC.[21]

Other ongoing local upgrade programs include locally designed and built Ching Chiang class of 12 patrol ships that were designed back in the 1990s to carry 4 HF-1 anti-ship missiles on board but only the lead ship of the class had them. Since 2006, 7 ships of this class were upgraded to carry 4 HF-2/3 with W-160 fire control radar from Wu Chin III program (as well as Honeywell H-930 MCS CDS stripped from 7 retired Yang class Wu Chin 3 anti-air warfare destroyers). In 2010 more ships of this class were undergoing this same upgrade program but using CSIST produced fire control radars instead. Currently 4 different variants exist within this class, the original Ching Chiang patrol ship constructed with 4 HF-1 (1 existing in this configuration). An unknown number of the remaining, (originally the rest of the 11 patrol ships in this class) that were built without any sort of anti-ship missiles on board, at most 7 have been upgraded with Wu Chin III program's radars and 2x2 subsonic HF-2 anti-ship missiles, and 2+ have been spotted with 2x2 HF-3 supersonic anti-ship missiles with new unknown CSIST search and fire control radar.

On 29 December 2010, 2 LSTs (中肇、中治戰車登陸艦) and 4 remaining of Adjutant-class coastal minehunters were retired.[22]

In 2011, the navy retired several vessels. On 31 October, all 8 PCL in the 124th Fleet were retired.[23] On 28 December, the 2 Lung Jiang-class (PSMM Mk5) guided missile patrol boats (PGG 601 and PPG 602) of the 131st Fleet were retired from ROC Navy service, after entering service in 1978 and 1981 respectively.[24]

On 15 April 2014, the Defence Minister Yen Ming announced that the United States will help Taiwan to build its own diesel-electric attack submarines (SSKs). Taiwan is looking to build eight submarines indigenously whilst also actively seeking to purchase diesel-electric submarines from other nations. The submarines would greatly improve the Navy's defensive capabilities.[25] It has been reported that in November 2014 Taiwan will announce a 20-year modernisation plan to replace the entire fleet. The plan is for four destroyers of 10,000 tons, 10-15 catamaran frigates of 3,000 tons, new amphibious ships and 4-8 submarines of 1,200-3,000 tons. The submarines may be built with a foreign partner but the surface ships would all be domestic designs.[26]

Combatants

Submarines

Class Builder/Origin Type In service Notes
Chien Lung-class sub (Zwaardvis-class sub) Rotterdam Drydock Company
 Netherlands
Diesel-Electric Submarine 2 Entered service 1987-1988
Hai Shih-class sub (Tench-class sub) Portsmouth Naval Shipyard
 United States
Diesel-Electric Submarine 2 WWII submarines delivered 1973 and retired

Destroyers and Frigates

Type Class Number Builder/Origin Notes
Destroyer Kee Lung class 4 Ingalls Shipbuilding
 United States
ex-Kidd class c. 1980s and commissioned by ROCN 2005-2006
Frigate Cheng Kung class 8 CSBC Corporation
 Taiwan
long hull Oliver Hazard Perry-class design and was commissioned from 1993 onwards
Frigate Chi Yang class 6 Lockheed/Avondale
 United States
ex-Knox class built 1971-1974 and transferred to ROCN in early 1990s. All have been retired by early 2015.
Frigate Kang Ding class 6 DCNS
 France
La Fayette class variant ordered in 1980s
Frigate Oliver Hazard Perry class 4 Bath Iron Works/
Todd Pacific Shipyards
 United States
4 ex-US Navy Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates to be ordered, pending US Congress release.[27][28]

Fast Attack Missile Craft and Patrol Ship

Class Number Builder Origin Notes
Ching Chiang-class patrol ship 12 CSBC Corporation  Taiwan Ordered based on Kuang Hua III (Glorious China) naval modernization program with deliveries from 1999 to 2000
Kuang Hua VI-class missile boat 31 CSBC Corporation  Taiwan Delivery began 2003
Tuo Chiang-class corvette 12 Lung Teh Shipbuilding Company  Taiwan On order with first trial ship christened on 14 March 2014. It will carry up to eight Hsiung Feng III anti-ship missiles as well as eight Hsiung Feng IIs[29]

Minesweepers

Class Number Builder Origin Note
Yung Yang-class minesweeper (Aggressive class) 4 J.M. Martinac Shipbuilding Corp.  United States
Yung Feng-class coastal minehunter (MMW50 class) 4 Abeking & Rasmussen  Germany Ordered under guise as civilian oil drilling support ships
Yung Ching-class minehunter (Osprey class) 2 Intermarine USA  United States ex-USN USS Oriole and USS Falcon

Amphibious

Class Number Builder Origin
Hsu Hai-class dock landing ship (ex-USS Pensacola) 1 General Dynamics-Quincy  United States
Chung Cheng-class dock landing ship (ex-USS Comstock) 1 Newport News Shipbuilding  United States
Chung Ho-class tank landing ship (Newport class) 2 Philadelphia Naval Shipyard  United States
Chung Hai class (LST-1) 7 Newport News Shipbuilding  United States
Mei Chin class (LSM-1) 4 Charleston Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company  United States

Support

Class Number Builder Origin
ROCS ''Wu Yi'' Fast Combat Support Ship (AOE-530) 1 CSBC Corporation  Taiwan
ROCS ''Pan Shi'' Fast Combat Support Ship (AOE-532) 1 CSBC Corporation  Taiwan
Ta De-class (ARS-556) salvage tug (ex-USS Recovery) 1 Basalt Rock Inc.  United States
Tai Hu-class (ARS-552) salvage tug (ex-USS Grapple) 1 Basalt Rock Inc.  United States
Ta Tung-class (ATF-548) fleet tug (ex-USS Chickasaw) 1 Charleston Shipbuilding and Drydock Company  United States
Ta Kuan oceanographic research ship 1 Fincantieri, Muggiano, La Spezia, Italy  Italy
Chung Bai-class coastal logistics tankers (ex-USS Pecatonica AOG-57) 2 Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corp.  United States
Wu Kang class coastal transports 2 CSBC Corporation  Taiwan
Wan An coastal transport 1 CSBC Corporation  Taiwan
Tai Wu coastal transport 1 CSBC Corporation  Taiwan

Aircraft

Aircraft Origin Type In service[30] Notes
Lockheed P-3C Orion  United States ASW Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) 12 [31] 12 Ordered, plus 3 spare airframes, first in service in Nov 2013, 3 more in Dec 2013, 8 by 2015[32]
Grumman S-2T Turbo Tracker  United States ASW Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) 26 Originally 32 were upgraded to T version, but only 27 were converted, half operational
Sikorsky S-70C(M)-1/2 Thunderhawk  United States SAR ASW Naval utility helicopter 19 Out of 10+11 ordered
Hughes 500MD/ASW Defender  United States ASW Naval utility helicopter 9 Out of original 13 ordered

Bases

Zuoying Naval Base
Suao Naval Base

All remaining bases are small naval stations supporting PCL class small patrol boats and Fast Attack Boat:

See also

References & notes

  1. ^ http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aipl/201501300029.aspx
  2. ^ "First KH-6 squadron entered service as 5th Sea Dragon Squadron". Central News Agency. Retrieved 2010-05-18. 
  3. ^ "First KH-6 squadron entered service". pchome.com.tw. Retrieved 2010-05-18. 
  4. ^ "Red Roof Tiles and White Walls, Hidden Missile Base Next To Hotel.". United Daily News. Retrieved 2010-12-23. 
  5. ^ "Navy opens missile base in eastern Taiwan to media". The China Post. Retrieved 2010-12-23. 
  6. ^ "ROC Navy opens missile base in eastern Taiwan to media". China Defense Blog. Retrieved 2010-12-23. 
  7. ^ "Navy - Overview". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2006-03-08. 
  8. ^ a b "2004 National Defense Report" (PDF). ROC Ministry of National Defense. 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 11, 2006. Retrieved 2006-03-05. 
  9. ^ "Combat Units Under the ROC Navy Fleet HQ". Taiwanmilitary.org. Retrieved 2006-03-08. 
  10. ^ "歷史傳承 (History)". ROC Navy. Retrieved 2006-03-08. 
  11. ^ "Navy questions CSBC's capability to build submarines" ROC Central News Agency. March 14, 2012.
  12. ^ "Pentagon could make 2.2 billion dollar arms sales to Taiwan". Yahoo! news. 2007-09-13. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  13. ^ "U.S. in deal to refurbish aircraft for Taiwan". Washington Post. 2009-03-13. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  14. ^ Jennings, Ralph (2008-08-27). "U.S. to sell anti-ship missiles to Taiwan". Reuters. 
  15. ^ The Washington Post http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/10/03/AR2008100303240.html. 
  16. ^ http://asia.news.yahoo.com/081003/afp/081003211458asiapacificnews.html
  17. ^ "USDA New Release" (PDF). dsca.mil. 2010-01-29. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  18. ^ "USDA New Release" (PDF). dsca.mil. 2010-01-29. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  19. ^ "armstrade.sipri.org". armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  20. ^ "Next Year Defense Budget Believed To Be Lowest In 5 Years". United Daily newspaper. 2010-08-31. Retrieved 2010-09-12. 
  21. ^ "US Congress approved sales of mine hunter to Taiwan". United Daily News. 2010-09-30. Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  22. ^ "6 Navy ships retired.". Youth Daily News. 2010-12-29. Retrieved 2010-12-29. 
  23. ^ "All 8 Navy PCL Retired Into History.". Military News Agency. 2011-10-31. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  24. ^ "2 Lung Jiang Missile Guided Patrol Boats Retired". United Daily News. 2011-12-28. Retrieved 2012-01-03. 
  25. ^ "US to Help Taiwan Build Attack Submarines.". The Diplomat. 2014-04-15. Retrieved 2014-10-30. 
  26. ^ Minnick, Wendell (20 September 2014). "Taiwan Previews Major Naval Acquisition Plan". Defense News. 
  27. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/library/news/taiwan/2012/taiwan-121105-cna02.htm
  28. ^ http://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/taiwans-unstalled-force-modernization-04250/
  29. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/35351/taiwan-launches-first-carrier-killer-stealth-missile-corvette
  30. ^ "Naval Aviation Command". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2007-07-16. 
  31. ^ http://focustaiwan.tw/news/aipl/201504200010.aspx
  32. ^ http://www.defensenews.com/article/20131031/DEFREG03/310310013/Taiwan-Displays-1st-Long-Range-Sub-Hunting-Aircraft

External links

  • ROC Navy website
  • Globalsecurity.org report on the ROC Navy
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.