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Revolutionary Communist League (Spain)

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Revolutionary Communist League (Spain)

Revolutionary Communist League
Liga Comunista Revolucionaria
Founded 1971 (1971)
Dissolved 1991 (1991)
Merger of Comunisme
ETA-VI
Merged into Alternative Left
Espacio Alternativo
Headquarters Madrid
Newspaper Combate
Comunismo
Youth wing Communist Revolutionary Youth
Ideology Communism
Trotskyism
Sovereignism
Feminism
Antimilitarism
Political position Far-left
International Fourth International (post-reunification)
Colors Red     
Politics of Spain
Political parties
Elections

Revolutionary Communist League (in Spanish: Liga Comunista Revolucionaria (LCR), in Basque: Liga Komunista Iraultzailea, in Catalan: Lliga Comunista Revolucionària, in Galician: Liga Comunista Revolucionaria) was a political party in Spain. It was founded in 1971 by members of the Catalan group Comunisme, a split of the Popular Liberation Front (FLP).[1] The LCR had a trotskyist ideology, adopting more heterodox political positions in the 80s.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Foundation and clandestinity 1.1
    • Transition 1.2
    • Unity with the Communist Movement and ideological changes 1.3
    • Dissolution 1.4
  • References 2

History

Foundation and clandestinity

The LCR was founded in 1971 by members of the Catalan group Communisme, a split of the confederation of republics, recognizing of the right of self-determination for all the peoples of Spain.

In 1972 the LCR suffered a split called revolutionary communists, decided to abandon armed struggle as a way of fighting against the Franco dictatorship and decided to seek unity with similar groups in the rest of Spain. With this union the LCR gained presence in the Basque Country, which until then the LCR had not just presence, using the name of LCR-ETA (VI).

Transition

The death of Basque Country with the name of Liga Komunista Iraultzailea (LKI).

The first meeting of LKI, held in Arantzazu, in 1977 and still in clandestinity, ended with the arrest of all the assembly (150 people), although shortly after the arrest they were released and the party began to be tolerated. After the first democratic elections, legalized. In that elections the LCR supported the Frente por la Unidad de los Trabajadores (FUT), that gained 41,208 votes (0.22%). One of the militants LKI in those years was Germán Rodriguez, which was murdered by the Spanish police in Pamplona on July 8, in the incidents of the Sanfermines of 1978.[2][3]

The following years the LCR supported several local electoral platforms, although in the mid and late 80s the party generally campaigned in favor of abstention. Thus, in 1978 in Valencia, the LCR supported the United Left of the Valencian Country (EUPV) along with the Communist Movement of the Valencian Country, and nationalist groups, such as Unity of the Valencia People. In 1980 the LCR supported Unity for Socialism for the autonomic elections in Catalonia, and in 1982 again in Catalonia, supported the Communist Front of Catalonia to the Spanish general elections.

Unity with the Communist Movement and ideological changes

In the Basque Country, Liga Komunista Iraultzailea, Langile Abertzale Iraultzaileen Alderdia and Nueva Izquierda formed the coalition Auzolan, which also received support from the EMK.

The LCR-MC unit had great importance in the Spanish politics of the 1980s, as they were some of the main promoters of the mobilizations against the ETA. HB finally gained a seat in Brussels.

Dissolution

In 1991 MC merged with LCR and formed the Alternative Left (Izquierda Alternativa), which had a brief existence.

References

  1. ^ Martínez i Muntada, Ricard (2011). «La LCR más allá del franquismo: de la “unidad trotskista” al Partido de los Revolucionarios y la fusión con el MC (1978-1991)». Viento Sur, núm. 115. pp. 64-71.
  2. ^ http://www.lavanguardia.com/hemeroteca/20130708/54376518855/transicion-politica-sanfermines-1978-navarra-fuerzas-del-orden-policia-victimas-mortales.html
  3. ^ http://elpais.com/diario/1978/07/09/espana/268783207_850215.html
  • Martí Caussa: Historia de la LCR (1970-1991). Editorial Viento Sur, Madrid. 2014.
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