World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Richard Girnt Butler

Richard Girnt Butler
Born (1918-02-23)February 23, 1918
Denver, Colorado
Died September 8, 2004(2004-09-08) (aged 86)
Hayden, Idaho
Nationality American

Richard Girnt Butler (February 23, 1918 – September 8, 2004) was an American aerospace engineer for Lockheed, who later became the leader of the Christian Identity white supremacist group Aryan Nations.

Biography

Butler was born in Denver, Colorado, to Winfred Girnt and Clarence Butler. His father was of English ancestry, while his mother was of German-English ancestry.[1] He was raised in Los Angeles, California, and after graduating from high school in 1938, he became an aeronautical engineering major at Los Angeles City College. He was a co-inventor of the rapid repair of tubeless tires, for which he held both U.S. and Canadian patents.[2]

Butler was a former member of the Silver Shirts.[3]

While he was a member of a Presbyterian church he married Betty Litch in 1941, with whom he fathered two daughters.[4] Litch died on December 1, 1995 after 54 years of marriage. After Pearl Harbor, Butler enlisted in the Army Air Corps where he served stateside for the duration of World War II.

In 1946, Butler organized and operated a machine plant for the production and precision machining of automotive parts and engine assemblies for commercial and military aircraft in the United States, Africa, and India.[4] Butler was a marketing analyst for new inventions from 1964 to 1973. Butler later became a senior manufacturing engineer for Lockheed Martin in Palmdale, California.[4]

In the early 1970s, he moved with his family from Palmdale, California, to Hayden Lake, Idaho, a suburb of tourist town Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, which became the center of a U.S. neo-Nazi network with worldwide links. Butler was implicated in plots to overthrow the United States government beginning in the 1980s, and had ties to the neo-Nazi group known as The Order. His group often blanketed the community with fliers and mass mailings, and held an annual parade in downtown Coeur d'Alene, however the parade was a pariah since the Aryan Nations was condemned by the town of Coeur d'Alene. Locals responded almost immediately by forming the Kootenai County Task Force on Human Relations, with legal battles often overshadowing the parades.

Butler organized yearly gatherings of white supremacists at his compound in Idaho which he termed the "Aryan Nations World Congress." At their height in 1984-86, several hundred people would attend including most of the well known leaders of the American far right, such as Posse Comitatus leader James Wickstrom, Thomas Robb, Grand Wizard Don Black, and John Trochmann leader of the Militia of Montana.

In 1987, Butler was among fourteen far right activists "indicted for seditious conspiracy" by the U.S. Department of Justice,[5] and trial was held in federal court in Arkansas. However, "prosecutors failed to convince an Arkansas jury that Butler and several other prominent racists had conspired to start a race war."[6]

In 2000, Victoria and Jason Keenan, two Native Americans who were harassed at gunpoint by Aryan Nations' members, successfully sued Butler.[7] Represented by local attorney Norm Gissel and Morris Dees's Montgomery, Alabama-based Southern Poverty Law Center, they won a combined civil judgment of $6.3 million from Butler and the Aryan Nations' members who attacked them.[8] Butler then sold the compound. In September 2000, fellow Sandpoint, Idaho millionaire Vincent Bertollini provided Butler with a new house in Hayden, Idaho. The house was troublesome for neighbors; police were forced to respond to at least one domestic disturbance call, in which two Aryan Nation members were engaged in an altercation on his lawn.

From late 2003 until his death, his reputation within the Aryan Nations suffered; when Butler and traveling companion Wendy Christine Iwanow attempted to board a plane in

  • Comment by Edgar J. Steele, Butler's lawyer

External links

  1. ^ Richard G. Butler (Biography)
  2. ^ U.S. Patent 2,990,736 Tire Repair Device, Butler, Richard G. and Specmade Products, issued July 4, 1961.
  3. ^ http://www.mountainx.com/article/11589/New-Age-Nazi
  4. ^ a b c d Wakin, Daniel J. (September 9, 2004). "Richard G. Butler, 86, Dies; Founder of the Aryan Nations".  
  5. ^ Biography of "Louis Beam" at Anti-Defamation League (ADL) website.
  6. ^ "Aryan Nations founder dies at 86".  
  7. ^ "Attorney Morris Dees pioneer in using 'damage litigation' to fight hate groups".  
  8. ^ "Keenan v. Aryan Nations".  
  9. ^ "The Company He Keeps".  

References

Butler died in his home on September 8, 2004. A spokesman for the Aryan Nations stated that he died in his sleep from congestive heart failure. At the time of his death, the Aryan Nations had 200 members, Butler's World Congress in 2002 drew fewer than 100 people, and when he ran for mayor, he lost by about 2,100 votes to 50.[4]

[9]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.