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Riddle, Oregon

Riddle, Oregon
City
Grocery store in Riddle
Grocery store in Riddle
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Oregon
County Douglas
Incorporated 1893
Government
 • Mayor William G. Duckett
Area[1]
 • Total 0.63 sq mi (1.63 km2)
 • Land 0.63 sq mi (1.63 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 700 ft (200 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,185
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,177
 • Density 1,881.0/sq mi (726.3/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97469
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-61850[2]
GNIS feature ID 1166702[4]

Riddle is a city in Douglas County, Oregon, United States. The population was 1,185 at the 2010 census.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
    • 2010 census 2.1
    • 2000 census 2.2
  • Geography 3
    • Climate 3.1
  • Economy 4
  • Education 5
  • Footnotes 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

History

Riddle was named for William H. Riddle, a native of Springfield, Illinois, who settled in this area in 1851. By 1881, the Southern Pacific Railroad line south of Roseburg had a station here called "Riddlesburg", which was changed to "Riddles" in 1882 and to "Riddle" in 1889. A post office at this location opened under the name of "Riddles" in 1882 and was changed to "Riddle" in 1910.[5]

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,185 people, 460 households, and 307 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,881.0 inhabitants per square mile (726.3/km2). There were 491 housing units at an average density of 779.4 per square mile (300.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.7% White, 0.3% African American, 3.0% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.1% of the population.[2]

There were 460 households of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.3% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.01.[2]

The median age in the city was 36.6 years. 25.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.3% were from 25 to 44; 28.2% were from 45 to 64; and 11.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.[2]

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,014 people, 381 households, and 265 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,519.6 people per square mile (584.3/km²). There were 406 housing units at an average density of 608.5 per square mile (234.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.48% White, 2.27% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 2.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.97% of the population.[2]

There were 381 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.15.[2]

In the city the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.7 males.[2]

The median income for a household in the city was $28,750, and the median income for a family was $37,159. Males had a median income of $31,438 versus $27,232 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,666. About 16.1% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.1% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.[2]

Geography

Riddle is about 25 miles (40 km) south of Roseburg and 220 miles (350 km) south of Portland. It lies about 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Oregon Route 99 (Interstate 5) at an elevation of about 700 feet (210 m) above sea level. Cow Creek flows by Riddle before entering the nearby South Umpqua River.[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.63 square miles (1.63 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate

Climate data for Riddle, Oregon (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 50.4
(10.2)
55.2
(12.9)
59.5
(15.3)
64.0
(17.8)
70.6
(21.4)
76.9
(24.9)
84.9
(29.4)
85.6
(29.8)
80.4
(26.9)
68.8
(20.4)
55.2
(12.9)
48.3
(9.1)
66.65
(19.25)
Average low °F (°C) 35.6
(2)
35.8
(2.1)
37.7
(3.2)
40.0
(4.4)
45.0
(7.2)
49.9
(9.9)
53.9
(12.2)
52.5
(11.4)
46.6
(8.1)
42.0
(5.6)
39.6
(4.2)
35.4
(1.9)
42.83
(6.02)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.46
(113.3)
3.54
(89.9)
3.18
(80.8)
2.40
(61)
1.86
(47.2)
0.94
(23.9)
0.34
(8.6)
0.41
(10.4)
0.75
(19)
2.04
(51.8)
5.14
(130.6)
6.07
(154.2)
31.11
(790.2)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.3
(0.8)
0.5
(1.3)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.6
(1.5)
1.5
(3.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 17.8 15.0 16.6 14.8 10.5 6.3 2.0 2.2 4.4 9.6 17.6 18.1 134.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.1 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.5 0.9
Source: NOAA [9]

Economy

The Riddle area is known for nickel mining, with several square miles of nickel-bearing garnierite surface deposits nearby. The mine closed in 1987.[8][10]

Education

The Riddle School District provides primary and secondary public education in Riddle. Riddle Elementary School, home of the Panthers (mascot), and Riddle Junior/Senior High School, home of the Irish (mascot), are in Riddle.[11]

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  5. ^  
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Staff (1953). "The Nickle Mountain Project" (PDF). The Ore-Bin (Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries) 15 (10): 59–66. Retrieved May 7, 2015. 
  9. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data".  
  10. ^ http://www.environmentwriter.org/resources/backissues/chemicals/nickel.htm Chemical Backgrounders: Nickel
  11. ^ "Riddle School District". Retrieved May 9, 2015. 

Further reading

  • John M. Cornutt, Cow Creek Valley Memories: Riddle Pioneers Remembered in John M. Cornutt's Autobiography. Eugene, OR: Industrial Publishing Co., 1971.

External links

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