World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Robert B. Elliott

Robert Brown Elliott
South Carolina Attorney General
In office
December 14, 1876 – May 29, 1877
Governor Contested between Daniel Henry Chamberlain and Wade Hampton III
Preceded by Samuel W. Melton
Succeeded by James Conner
28th Speaker of the South Carolina House of Representatives
In office
November 24, 1874 – April 14, 1876
Governor Franklin I. Moses, Jr.
Daniel Henry Chamberlain
Preceded by Samuel J. Lee
Succeeded by William Henry Wallace
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Aiken County
In office
November 24, 1874 – April 14, 1876
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Barnwell County
In office
November 24, 1868 – March 1, 1870
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1871 - November 1, 1874
Preceded by Solomon L. Hoge
Succeeded by Lewis C. Carpenter
Personal details
Born (1842-08-11)August 11, 1842
Liverpool, England, United Kingdom (claimed)
Died August 9, 1884(1884-08-09) (aged 41)
New Orleans, Louisiana
Resting place St. Louis Cemetery No. 2
Political party Republican
Profession lawyer, civil servant
Military service
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch South Carolina National Guard
Years of service 1869–1871
Rank Commanding General
Battles/wars Reconstruction

Robert Brown Elliott (1842–1884) was an African-American member of the United States House of Representatives from South Carolina, serving from 1871-1874.


  • Early life and education 1
  • Career 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5

Early life and education

Robert Brown Elliott's early life is a mystery. He claimed to have been born in Liverpool, England to West Indian immigrants. But, biographers have been unable to corroborate these facts.


Elliott arrived in Republican Party and served in the state constitutional convention.

In 1868 he was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives. The next year he was appointed assistant adjutant-general; he was the first African-American commanding general of the South Carolina National Guard. As part of his job, he helped form a state militia to fight the Ku Klux Klan.

Elliott was elected as a Republican to the Forty-second and Forty-third United States Congress. He "delivered a celebrated speech" in favor of the Civil Rights Act of 1875.[1] He resigned on November 1, 1874, to fight political corruption in South Carolina. He served again in the South Carolina House of Representatives, where he was elected as Speaker of the House.

He ran successfully for South Carolina Attorney General in 1876. In the state elections that year, white Democrats regained dominance of the state legislature. The following year, 1877, when the last of the federal troops were withdrawn from South Carolina, he was forced out of office.[2]


  1. ^ "Biographical Sidebar: Robert B. Elliott". America's Reconstruction - People and Politics After the Civil War.  
  2. ^

Further reading

  • "Robert Brown Elliott". Black Americans in Congress, 1870-2007. Prepared under the direction of the Committee on House Administration by the Office of History & Preservation, U. S. House of Representatives. Washington:  
  • Lamson, Peggy (1973). The Glorious Failure: Black Congressman Robert Brown Elliott and the Reconstruction in South Carolina. New York: W. W. Norton.  
  • Black Americans in Congress - Robert Brown Elliott: Representative, 1871–1874, Republican from South Carolina

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Solomon L. Hoge
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 3rd congressional district

1871 – 1874
Succeeded by
Lewis C. Carpenter
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.