World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Robert McKay

Article Id: WHEBN0029528537
Reproduction Date:

Title: Robert McKay  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Suzanne (Leonard Cohen song), Tyne–Wear derby
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Robert McKay

Robert B. McKay (August 11, 1919 – July 13, 1990) was a dean of New York University Law School, a former president of the New York City Bar Association, and the chair of McKay Commission, which investigated the 1971 Attica Prison riot.

Early life and education

Robert McKay was born in Wichita, Kansas in 1919, and received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Kansas in 1940, and his Juris Doctor from Yale Law School. McKay joined the United States Army three months before the attack on Pearl Harbor as a private, and served in the Philippines. He was discharged as a captain.


From 1947 to 1950, McKay was a lawyer for the United States Department of Justice. From 1950 to 1953, he taught law at Emory University before joining the faculty of New York University in 1953. There, he became an expert on United States Constitutional Law and legislative reapportionment. He served as dean of the law school from 1967 to 1975.

In 1972, McKay led the McKay Commission, a panel charged with investigating the causes of the 1971 riot at Attica Correctional Facility in Attica, New York. The Commission was critical of Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller for not visiting the prison before ordering an armed assault on the facility, and was also critical of state prison authorities for not having proper procedures in place to respond to riots.

From 1975 onwards, McKay worked primarily for the Aspen Institute, a well-known think tank.

Civic Involvement

McKay served in a number of prominent positions in civic life, including chairman of the New York Civil Liberties Union, president of the Legal Aid Society, and chairman of the Citizens’ Union.

From 1984 to 1986, McKay served as president of the New York City Bar Association. In his work for the Bar, McKay was a strong proponent of requiring mandatory Continuing Legal Education for lawyers and mandatory ‘’pro bono’’ work by practicing attorneys.

He was the recipient of numerous awards, including the William Nelson Cromwell Medal of the New York County Lawyers Association in 1973, the Justice Award of the American Judicature Society in 1986, the Gold Medal of the Bar Association of the City of New York in 1987, and the Servant of Justice Award of the Legal Aid Society in March


Robert McKay died of a heart attack in Reno, Nevada on July 13, 1990. He had been scheduled to address the National Judicial College there the following day.


  • “Robert B. McKay Tributes.” New York University Law Review. April 1975.
  • . July 14, 1990.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.