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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Saint Louis

 

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Saint Louis

Archdiocese of Saint Louis
Archidioecesis Sancti Ludovici
Location
Country United States
Territory Greater St. Louis and ten counties in eastern Missouri
Ecclesiastical province St. Louis
Statistics
Area 5,968 sq mi (15,460 km2)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2011)
2,251,000
582,000 (25.9%)
Parishes 185
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
Established July 18, 1826 (188 years ago)
Cathedral Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis
Patron saint Saint Louis IX
Saint Vincent DePaul
Saint Rose Philippine Duchesne
Current leadership
Pope
Bishop Robert James Carlson
Auxiliary Bishops Edward M. Rice, Robert Joseph Hermann (emeritus)
Map
Website
www.archstl.org

The Archdiocese of St. Louis (Latin: Archidioecesis Sancti Ludovici) is the Roman Catholic archdiocese that covers the City of St. Louis and the Missouri counties of Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, Perry, Saint Charles, Saint Francois, Ste. Genevieve, St. Louis, Warren, and Washington. It is the metropolitan see to the suffragette sees of the Diocese of Springfield-Cape Girardeau, the Diocese of Jefferson City, and the Diocese of Kansas City-St. Joseph.

It is currently led by Robert James Carlson, the former Bishop of Saginaw, who was named the Archbishop-elect on April 21, 2009, by Pope Benedict XVI, and was installed on June 10, 2009.[1] Archbishop Carlson is assisted by Auxiliary Bishop Edward M. Rice and Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus Robert Joseph Hermann. His predecessor was Archbishop Raymond Burke until Burke's transfer to the position of Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura on June 27, 2008. The archdiocesan cathedral is the Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis. The original cathedral and mother church is the Basilica of St. Louis, King of France. The Archdiocese is also one of two in the entire world that has both an Archbishop and a Cardinal, as Raymond Burke's See remains St. Louis, and represents the Archdiocese in the College of Cardinals.

History

The area's first bishop was Louis William Valentine Dubourg, who on September 24, 1815, was appointed Bishop of Louisiana and the [East and West] Floridas by Pope Pius VII. Unlike his predecessor, who set up his see in New Orleans, DuBourg chose to set up his episcopal see in St. Louis. After his resignation and transfer to lead the diocese of Montauban, France, the diocese of Louisiana was split, giving New Orleans a bishop again, and the Diocese of St. Louis was erected on July 18, 1826, by Pope Leo XII. When founded, it included the state of Missouri, the western half of Illinois, and all American territory west of the Mississippi River and north of the state of Louisiana. It was the largest American diocese, equaling in extent all of the other nine dioceses.

Its first bishop, Joseph Rosati, led the Roman Catholic Church's expansion its presence in these areas, and built its first cathedral, now known as the Basilica of St. Louis, King of France.

On July 28, 1837, territory in Iowa, Minnesota, and the Dakotas was taken from the Diocese to form the Diocese of Dubuque, Iowa.

The St. Louis Diocese was elevated to an Archdiocese on July 20, 1847, by Pope Pius IX.

Because of its strong Catholic identity and having been the mother diocese of many dioceses in the midwest, the archdiocese was often referred to as "the Rome of the west". It is dedicated to Saint Louis IX and has as its copatrons Saints Vincent de Paul and Rose Philippine Duchesne.

In January 1999, the archdiocese was host to a two-day visit from Pope John Paul II, the first time a pope had visited the city. It was not John Paul's first visit, since 30 years earlier, he had paid a visit when he was Cardinal Wojtyła, Archbishop of Kraków.

Residential bishops

The following is a list of the bishops and archbishops of St. Louis and their terms of service.

†=deceased

Auxiliary bishops

Eastern Rites

There are two Eastern Rite churches and one Eastern Rite Cathedral within the archdiocese's boundaries:

High schools

†Archdiocesan high schools that are owned and operated by the Archdiocese.[2]

Cemeteries

The archdiocese operates 17 cemeteries in the region, including:[3]

  • Resurrection
  • Sts. Peter & Paul
  • Mt. Olive
  • Calvary
  • Sacred Heart
  • St. Charles Borromeo
  • St. Peter
  • St. Ferdinand
  • St. Monica
  • Our Lady
  • Holy Cross
  • St. Vincent
  • Ste. Philippine
  • St. Mary's
  • Ascension
  • Glencoe
  • Queen of Peace

Suffragan sees

  • Diocese of Jefferson City
  • Diocese of Kansas City-Saint Joseph
  • Diocese of Springfield-Cape Girardeau

References

External links

  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St. Louis
  • Archives section
  • Story of John Paul II's 1999 visit
  • , the weekly newspaper of the archdiocese
  • , features photography of churches in the Archdiocese
  • Eastern rites in the Archdiocese:
    • Eparchy of Our Lady of Lebanon (Maronite)
    • The Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Parma
    • Saint Nicholas Eparchy for Ukrainian Catholics

Coordinates: 38°38′34″N 90°15′26″W / 38.64278°N 90.25722°W / 38.64278; -90.25722

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