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Roma in the Republic of Macedonia

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Roma in the Republic of Macedonia

Macedonian Roma
Macedonian Roma children (around 1900)
Total population
53,879 (2002 census)
80,000
to 260,000 Unofficial estimations
Languages
Romani (Balkan Romani) and Macedonian
Religion
Islam [1]

The Roma constitute an ethnic group in the Republic of Macedonia. According to the last census from 2002, there were 53,879 persons counted as Roma, or 2.66% of the population. Another 3,843 persons have been counted as "Egyptians" (0.2%). Altogether, 2.85% Roma and Egyptians have been registered in Macedonia.

Another sources claim to be between 80,000[2] and 260,000[3] Roma in Macedonia or approximately 4 to 12% of the total population.

Municipality Šuto Orizari is the only municipality in the world with a Roma majority and the only municipality where Roma is official language. Due to the demographics, both Romani and Macedonian are official in Šuto Orizari, the municipality being officially bilingual. The mayor of the municipality, Elvis Bajram, is an ethnic Rom.

In 2009, the Government of the Republic of Macedonia took measures to enlarge inclusion of Roma in the education process.[4]

The Republic of Macedonia is the region's leader in respecting the rights of the Roma people. It is the first country in the region with a minister of Roma ethnicity and also has a lot of Roma's in high government positions. However, there has still a lot to be done in the spheres of education and integration of the Roma.[5]

Gallery

References

External links

  • Victor Friedman.
  • "The Romani Language in the Republic of Macedonia: Status, Usage and Sociolinguistic Perspectives, Victor Friedman.
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