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Rye (town), New York

Rye
Town
Location of Rye (town), New York
Location of Rye (town), New York
Coordinates:
Country United States
State New York
County Westchester
Government
 • Type Manager-Council
 • Town Supervisor Joe Carvin (R)
 • Town Council
Population (2010)
 • Total 45,928
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 914
Website .com.townofryenywww

Rye is a town in Westchester County, New York, United States. The population was 45,928 at the 2010 census.[1] It is a separate municipality from the city of Rye. The town of Rye (often referred to as "Rye Town") contains two villagesPort Chester and Rye Brook – along with a portion of the Rye Neck section of the village of Mamaroneck (the remainder of the village of Mamaroneck is in the town of Mamaroneck). These villages comprise the entire area of the town of Rye.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Parks 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7
  • Further reading 8

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.4 square miles (19 km2), of which 7.0 square miles (18 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), or 6.33%, is water.

The town of Rye consists of two discontiguous portions. The City of Rye separates the village of Mamaroneck (to the southwest) from the villages of Port Chester and Rye Brook (to the north and northeast). Rye Town is not to be mistaken with Rye City.

History

The town of Rye has its original roots on

Connecticut and New York both claimed the area, but in these early days, the colonists considered themselves to be under the protection of Connecticut. Connecticut formally ceded Rye to New York in 1683 as part of a boundary agreement, cementing the Connecticut Panhandle.

John Budd, who in 1663 was selected by the colonists to be its representative to the government of Connecticut, had purchased a large portion of land west of Blind Brook, an area called Apawquammis by the Indians, for the sum of eighty pounds sterling on November 8, 1661, one of three major land purchases by Budd from the Indians in the area that month. In 1666, Budd purchased yet another large parcel. By this time, other colonists had grown concerned at the size of Budd's holdings, and Budd's willingness to "settle people upon it," which they regarded as "extreamely prejuditial to the towne" of Rye. On October 2, 1668, nine inhabitants of Rye, apparently led by Peter Disbrow, petitioned the governor in Hartford to force Budd to sell some of his holdings to them. The petition failed, and Budd continued selling tracts to new settlers, as did his descendants. One such sale, in 1745, of 150 acres (0.61 km2) was from another John Budd, a grandson of the founder, to Peter Jay, father of John Jay, subsequently the president of the Continental Congress, co-author with Alexander Hamilton and James Madison of The Federalist Papers, and Chief Justice of the United States, among other major distinctions.

The town grew and developed Poningo Neck, the current business district of the city of Rye, and finally the Saw Pit area, known today as Port Chester. Original roads, including the Post Road, King Street, and Grace Church Street, are some of the oldest roads, then carriage paths, that led residents in and out of the area.

The Rye Town Park-Bathing Complex and Oakland Beach was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.[2]

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 43,880 people, 15,389 households, and 10,818 families residing in the town. The population density was 6,298.5 people per square mile (2,430.7/km²). There were 15,813 housing units at an average density of 2,269.8 per square mile (876.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 71.30% White, 5.14% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 2.88% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 15.41% from other races, and 4.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 32.51% of the population.

There were 15,389 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.31.

23.5% of the town's population is under the age of 18, 8.5% are from 18 to 24, 33.3% are from 25 to 44, 20.7% are from 45 to 64, and 14.0% are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $56,675, and the median income for a family was $65,342. Males had a median income of $42,868 versus $36,875 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,948. About 6.9% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.

Parks

The Town of Rye operates two parks.

  • Crawford Park sits on 35.6 acres (144,000 m2) in the village of Rye Brook. It contains soccer fields, a pavilion area, softball field, open fields, a playground, and the mansion.
  • Rye Town Park/Oakland Beach is located along Forest Avenue in the city of Rye on sixty two acres of grasslands, forests, open fields, duck pond, and beach. It is next to Playland Park on Long Island Sound.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Rye town, Westchester County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 15, 2011. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder".  

External links

  • Town of Rye official website
  • Village of Port Chester
  • : Chronicle of a Border Town. History of Rye, Westchester County, New York, 1660–1680; including Harrison and White Plains till 1788. By Charles W. Baird. [The Atlantic monthly. / Volume 29, Issue 173, March 1872]

Further reading

  • History of the County of Westchester from Its First Settlement to the Present Time, by Robert Bolton Jr., Alexander S. Gould, Publisher, New York, 1848
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