World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Sabarmati River

Article Id: WHEBN0001277883
Reproduction Date:

Title: Sabarmati River  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ellis bridge (area), Geography of Ahmedabad, Sardar Patel Stadium, Economy of Ahmedabad, List of dams and reservoirs in India
Collection: Geography of Ahmedabad, Rivers of Gujarat, Rivers of Rajasthan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Sabarmati River

Sabarmati River (સાબરમતી નદી)
Sabarmati river in 1890
Sabarmati River in Gujarat
Country  India
States Gujarat, Rajasthan
 - left Wakal river, Sei Nadi, Harnav River, Hathmati River, Watrak River, Madhumati River.
Cities Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar
Source Dhebar lake, Rajasthan
 - location Aravalli Range, Udaipur District, Rajasthan,  India
 - elevation 782 m (2,566 ft)
Length 371 km (231 mi)
 - average 120 m3/s (4,238 cu ft/s) [1]
Discharge elsewhere (average)
 - Ahmedabad 33 m3/s (1,165 cu ft/s) [2]
Watercarts in Sabarmati near Ahmedabad in 1890s
View of the Harnav, a tributary of the Sabarmati

The Sabarmati river is one of the biggest rivers of Gujarat. It originates in Dhebar lake in Aravalli Range of the Udaipur District of Rajasthan and meets the Gulf of Cambay of Arabian Sea after travelling 371 km in a south-westerly direction. The Sabarmati basin has a maximum length of 300 km. and maximum width of 105 km. The total catchment area of the basin is 21674 km2 out of which, 4124 km2 lies in Rajasthan State and the remaining 18550 km2 in Gujarat State.[3]It is believed that earlier the river used to flow from Manek Chowk.[4]

The National Water Quality Programme led by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) positions Sabarmati River as one of the most polluted rivers in India.[5] Sabarmati River Basin is situated in the mid-southern part of Rajasthan. To its east lie the Banas and Mahi Basins, to its north the Luni Basin and to its west the West Banas Basin. Its southern boundary is the border with Gujarat State. The Sabarmati river basin extends over parts of Udaipur, Sirohi, Pali and Dungarpur Districts. Orographically, the western part of the Basin is marked by hilly terrain belonging to the Aravali chain. East of the hills lies a narrow alluvial plain with a gentle eastward slope.[3]

The main tributaries of the Sabarmati river are Wakal river and the Sei Nadi, which also rise in the Aravali hill range west of Udaipur city and flow south-westwards in courses generally parallel to the Sabarmati river, up to their confluence with the river (in Gujarat).[3]

The origin legend is that Shiva brought the goddess Ganga to Gujarat and that caused the Sabarmati to come into being.[6] Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar, the commercial and political capitals of Gujarat, were established on the banks of Sabarmati river. The legend is that Sultan Ahmed Shah of Gujarat, resting on the bank of Sabarmati, was inspired by the courage of a rabbit chasing a dog to the extent of establishing Ahmedabad in 1411. The soils of the Sabarmati area on the banks of the river are rich.

During India's independence struggle, Mahatma Gandhi established Sabarmati Ashram as his home on the banks of this river.[7]


  • Sabarmati Riverfront 1
  • Dams on Sabarmati River 2
    • Dharoi Dam 2.1
  • Gallery 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Sabarmati Riverfront

Dams on Sabarmati River

Some major projects on Sabarmati River are:

  • Sei Dam
  • Harnav Dam
  • Harnav Weir
  • Dharoi Dam
  • Hathmati Dam
  • Guhai Dam
  • Hathmati Weir
  • Watrak Project
  • Kalpsaar Project

Dharoi Dam

The area covering upper sub-basin and the catchment of the main river up to Dharoi dam is designated as Dharoi sub-basin. Constructed in 1978, Dharoi dam is located about 165 km upstream Ahmedabad in village Dharoi of Mehsana district. This covers drainage area of the main river up to Dharoi dam. Catchment area of the sub basin is 5540 km2, out of which about 2,640 km2 lies in Gujarat state.


Construction work going on near the river under the Sabarmati River Front Development Project 
River Sabarmati in Ahmedabad, Gujarat 

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c
  4. ^
  5. ^ River pollution plaguing Gujarat
  6. ^
  7. ^

External links

  • Sabarmati Basin (Department of Irrigation, Government of Rajasthan)
  • Sustainable water project Sabarmati River Basin
  • Map of Sabarmati Basin
  • Integrated management of the Sabarmati river basin
  • Information about sabarmati riverfront project of Ahmedabad

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.