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Sagami Railway

Sagami Railway Co. Ltd.
相模鉄道株式会社
kabushiki kaisha
Genre Rail transport
Founded November 1964
Headquarters 2-9-14 Kitasaiwai, Nishi-ku, Yokohama, Japan
Area served
Kanagawa
Services Passenger railway only
Owner Sotetsu holdings (100%)
Number of employees
1,117 (As of September 16, 2009)
Website http://www.sotetsu.co.jp

The Sagami Railway Co Ltd (相模鉄道株式会社 Sagami Tetsudō Kabushikigaisha), or Sōtetsu (相鉄), is a railway company operating three lines in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It ranks last of the 15 largest railways in Japan.

Contents

  • Overview 1
  • History 2
  • Lines 3
    • Passenger 3.1
    • Freight 3.2
  • Rolling stock 4
    • Numbering 4.1
    • Current 4.2
    • Past 4.3
      • Preserved cars 4.3.1
  • Proposed connection with Tōkaidō Freight Line 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Overview

Sagami Railway (Sotetsu) is one of the core companies of the Sotetsu group. Sotetsu focuses on railway operations, although formerly it had a more diversified set of holdings, such as bus lines and supermarkets. Sotetsu is the smallest company of the "Big 15" railways in Japan, as it has only short lines, but it succeeded in developing towns along its lines in the 1960s and 1970s, so many passengers ride this line. In May 1990, Sotetsu joined the major railways. In 2010 it had a daily ridership of 623,500[1]

History

In January 1917, Sagami Railway KK was established at Chigasaki, Kanagawa to transport gravel along the Sagami River valley. The first section, between Chigasaki and Samukawa was opened in 1919, and the line was extended gradually to Hashimoto in 1931.[2] Sagami Railway started direct operation to Hachioji, but performance was sluggish during the economic depression, so Sagami Railway became a subsidiary of Tokyu in 1941.

Jinchu Railway KK was also established at Seya village (now, Seya-ku, Yokohama) in 1917, and opened its first section from Futamatagawa to Atsugi in May, 1926. Jinchu Railway extended to Yokohama Station in 1933, but its management had financial difficulties, so the company also became a subsidiary of Tokyu in 1939, prior to Sagami Railway. The two companies' rail lines were connected at Atsugi Station.

In April 1943, Sagami Railway took over Jinchu Railway and named two lines "Sagami Line" (original section) and "Jinchu line" (acquired section). However, in June 1944, Sagami Line and Nishi-Samukawa branch line were purchased by the government to use the bypass between Tokaido main line and Chuo main line. At the same time, Imperial Japanese Navy Atsugi Airport was opened, so the number of passengers and amount of freight increased sharply. As a result, Sagami Railway released all management and delegated it to Tokyu. Under Tokyu, the line gained electrification to increase the carrying capacity and in 1944, all passenger sections was electrified.

In June 1947, Sagami Railway employees bought their own shares from Tokyu and resolved the commission.

In 1952, Sagami Railway purchased the 25,000 ㎡ land around Yokohama Station's west entrance from Standard Oil company, and began to develop to attract department stores.

Lines

Sōtetsu Lines (yellow) in the railway network around Yokohama

The company operates two passenger (commuter) lines and a freight-only line. All lines are electrified.

Passenger

Freight

  • Atsugi Line (厚木線 Atsugi-sen) in Ebina

Rolling stock

Numbering

from 2000 series EMU to 10000 series EMU, cars number is separated its function. But 11000 series don't keep this law. Point is last three figure of body number.

  • 000: These cars have controller and motor.
  • 100, 200 and 300: These cars have motor.
  • 500: This car has controller direction for Ebina and Shonandai.
  • 600: This car is trailer non motor and non controller.
  • 700: This car has controller. But direction for Yokohama.

Current

Past

EMUs
DMUs
Locomotives
  • ED10 electric locomotive

Preserved cars

Some of past cars are preserved at Kashiwadai depot.

  • 2000 series EMU - No.2005
  • 6000 series EMU - No.6001 and No.6021
  • ED10 electric locomotive - No.11
  • Jinchu Railway Class 3 steam locomotive
  • Jinchu Railway Class ハ20 coach

Proposed connection with Tōkaidō Freight Line

The Sagami Railway and the Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency are jointly planning a 2.7 km new line, called the Sōtetsu JR Link Line (相鉄JR直通線 Sōtetsu JR Chokutsū-sen), connecting Nishiya Station on the Sōtetsu Line with the Tōkaidō Freight Line. The line, expected to be completed by 2015, will enable direct passenger services from Sōtetsu lines to Shinjuku Station in central Tokyo via the Yokosuka Line.[3]

References

  1. ^ http://www.train-media.net/report/1110/soutetsu.pdf
  2. ^ 『相鉄七十年史』相模鉄道
  3. ^ "都市鉄道利便増進事業 相鉄・JR直通線 神奈川東部方面線(西谷駅~羽沢駅間)" (pdf) (in Japanese). Retrieved September 30, 2009. 

External links

  • Sotetsu Group (Japanese)
  • English part of official site (English)
  • Sotetsu Lines history (site for kids) (Japanese)
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