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Said bin Taimur

Said bin Taimur
سعيد بن تيمور
Sultan of Oman
Reign 10 February 1932 – 23 July 1970
Predecessor Taimur bin Feisal
Successor Qaboos bin Said
Born 13 August 1910
Oman
Died 19 October 1972(1972-10-19) (aged 62)
London, England
Burial Brookwood Cemetery, Woking, England
Royal cemetery, Muscat
Spouse Sheikha Fatima al-Mashani
Sheikha Mazoon al-Mashani
Issue Qaboos Bin Said
Dynasty Al Said
Father Taimur bin Feisal
Mother Sayyida Fatima bint 'Ali Al-Sa'id
Religion Ibadi Islam

Said bin Taimur (13 August 1910 – 19 October 1972) (Arabic: سعيد بن تيمور‎), (Balochi: سعید بن تیمور) was the sultan of Muscat and Oman (the country later renamed to Oman) from 10 February 1932 until his overthrow on 23 July 1970. His second wife was Mazoon al-Mashani (cousin of his first wife, Fatima).[1] He studied in Mayo College, Ajmer in India from 1922 to 1927 in Urdu and English.

The son of Taimur bin Feisal, he inherited the remains of an Omani Empire, which included the neighboring provinces of Oman and Dhofar, as well as the last remnants of an overseas empire, including Gwadar on the Pakistani coast—the latter was ceded to Pakistan in 1958. Nevertheless, his petroleum-rich country also had long established ties with the United Kingdom, based on a 1798 Treaty of Friendship, and was a British protectorate since 1891.

As sultan, oil wealth would have allowed Sultan Said bin Taimur to modernize his country, and, in fact, he secured British recognition of its independence in 1951. Nevertheless, he also faced serious internal opposition, from Imam Ghalib Bin Ali – a religious leader of Oman, who claimed power in the sultanate for himself. The Imam's revolt in Jebel Akhdar was suppressed in 1955 with the help of the United Kingdom, but this, in turn, earned Taimur the animosity of Saudi Arabia, which supported the imam, and of Egypt, which regarded British involvement in suppressing the revolt as unconducive to the cause of Arab nationalism. In 1957, these two countries supported a renewed revolt by the Imam, which was similarly suppressed by 1959.

In 1958 Said sold Gwadar to Pakistan for $1 million.

In 1965, the province of Dhofar revolted, this time with the support of People's Republic of China and some of the nationalist Arab states, followed by an assassination attempt in 1966, which had a marked effect on Said causing him to become even more erratic in governing the country. Reportedly, even wearing eyeglasses was discouraged. No one was safe from the sultan's paranoia, not even his own son, Qaboos, who was kept under virtual house arrest at the Sultan's palace in Salalah.

Qaboos staged a coup in 1970 and exiled his father to the United Kingdom. Said lived his last two years at the Dorchester Hotel in London.[2] He was originally laid to rest in Brookwood Cemetery, Woking, Surrey, England. His corpse was then disinterred and transported back to Oman whereupon he was buried in the Royal cemetery in Muscat.[3]

Source

  • Harris M. Lentz III, Heads of States and Governments: A Worldwide Encyclopedia of Over 2,300 Leaders, 1945 through 1992. McFarland & Company, Inc., 1994, p. 604. ISBN 0-89950-926-6.

External links

  • Omani Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • The Death of the Last Feudal Arab State

References

  1. ^ Royal Ark
  2. ^ Gold, frankincense and mirth in deepest Arabia | Travel | The Observer
  3. ^ Tony Jeapes: SAS Secret War. Operation Storm in te Middle East. Grennhill Books/Stakpole Books, London/Pennsylvania 2005, ISBN 1-85367-567-9, page 29.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Taimur bin Feisal
Sultan of Oman
10 February 1932 – 23 July 1970
Succeeded by
Qaboos bin Said
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