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Saint Chamond-Mondragón

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Title: Saint Chamond-Mondragón  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Saint-Chamond (tank), Saint-Chamond, Loire, Free Belgian Forces
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Saint Chamond-Mondragón

St Chamond 75 mm gun in the IDF History Museum.
Type Field gun
Place of origin  Mexico
Production history
Designer Manuel Mondragón
Manufacturer St Chamond
Caliber 75 mm
Breech interrupted screw
Carriage single trail

The Saint Chamond-Mondragón 75mm gun was specified in the 1890s by Mexican General Manuel Mondragón, designed mostly by colonel Rimailho and produced by the French arms manufacturer St Chamond. It was widely used by different forces during the Mexican Revolution.[1] It was also used in modified form to arm most of the French Saint Chamond tanks deployed during the First World War.

Israel purchased a number of pieces from Mexico in 1948[2] and used them in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Because of its Mexican origin, the gun was known in Israel as Cucaracha. Three surviving pieces are on display in Israeli museums: two in the Israel Defense Forces History Museum in Tel Aviv, and one in Beyt ha-Gdudim museum in moshav Avihayil.



  • Givati, Moshe - The Armor Craftsmen - The History of the 7100 Restoration and Maintenance Center, MoD 1998 ().
  • (Spanish)

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