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Samuel Shaw

For other people named Samuel Shaw, see Samuel Shaw (disambiguation).
Samuel Shaw
Member of the
United States House of Representatives
from Vermont's 1st district
In office
September 6, 1808 – March 3, 1813
Preceded by James Witherell
Succeeded by William Czar Bradley
Personal details
Born (1768-12-01)December 1, 1768
Dighton, Massachusetts
Died October 23, 1827(1827-10-23) (aged 58)
Clarendon Springs, Vermont
Political party Democratic-Republican
Spouse(s) Sally Campbell Shaw
Children Henry Shaw
Profession Politician, Physician

Samuel Shaw (December, 1768 – October 23, 1827) was an American politician. He served as a United States Representative from Vermont.

Biography

Shaw was born in Dighton, Massachusetts to John Shaw and Molly Hudson.[1] He moved to Putney, Vermont at the age of ten, and received limited schooling as a youth. He moved to Castleton in 1789 and studied medicine for two years, and then commenced the practice of medicine in Castleton.[2]

Shaw was elected to both the Vermont House of Representatives and the Vermont Senate in 1800.[3] He chose to serve as a member of the Vermont House of Representatives, serving from 1800 until 1807,[4] and was Presidential Elector from Vermont in 1804.[5] He was elected as a Democratic-Republican candidate to the Tenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James Witherell. He was reelected to the Eleventh and Twelfth Congresses and served from September 6, 1808, to March 3, 1813.[6]

He served in the United States Army during the War of 1812 as a hospital surgeon from April 6, 1813, to June 15, 1815,[7] when he was honorably discharged. He was reinstated on September 13, 1815; appointed post surgeon April 18, 1818, and resigned on December 31, 1818.[8]

Whistleblower

Shaw would seem to be, along with Richard Marven, at the root of the first whistleblower law passed in the United States.[9] The Continental Congress was moved to act after an incident in 1777, when the two "blew the whistle" and suffered severe retaliation by Esek Hopkins, the commander-in-chief of the Continental Navy.[10] The Continental Congress enacted the whistleblower protection law on July 30, 1778 by a unanimous vote.[11] The law declared it the duty of "all persons in the service of the United States, as well as all other the inhabitants thereof" to inform the Continental Congress or proper authorities of "misconduct, frauds or misdemeanors committed by any officers in the service of these states, which may come to their knowledge."[12][13] Congress declared that the United States would defend the two whistleblowers against a libel suit filed against them by Hopkins, resolving that "the reasonable expences [sic] of defending the said suit be defrayed by the United States" and terminated the employment of Hopkins, who had misconducted himself." [14][15]

Family life

Shaw married Sally Campbell in 1788.[16] Shaw's son Henry Shaw also served in the United States Congress as United States Representative from Massachusetts, serving from 1817 until 1821.[17]

Death

Shaw died on October 23, 1827 in Clarendon Springs. He is interred at Castleton Congregational Cemetery in Castleton, Vermont.[18]

References

External links

  • Find A Grave: Samuel Shaw
  • Biographical Directory of the United States Congress: SHAW, Samuel, (1768 - 1827)
  • The Political Graveyard: Shaw, Samuel (1768-1827)
  • govtrack.us: Rep. Samuel Shaw


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