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San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca

 

San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca

San Fernando del
Valle de Catamarca
City
(From top to bottom; from left to right) Aerial view of the city; Our Lady of the Valley of Catamarca Cathedral; San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca Historical Museum; El Jumeal reservoir and the San Francisco Church.
(From top to bottom; from left to right) Aerial view of the city; Our Lady of the Valley of Catamarca Cathedral; San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca Historical Museum; El Jumeal reservoir and the San Francisco Church.
Flag of San Fernando delValle de Catamarca
Flag
Capital department within Catamarca Province
Capital department within Catamarca Province
San Fernando delValle de Catamarca is located in Argentina
San Fernando del
Valle de Catamarca
Location of San Fernando del
Valle de Catamarca in Argentina
Coordinates:
Country  Argentina
Province  Catamarca
Department Capital
Government
 • Mayor Raúl Jalil (Frente para la Victoria)
Elevation 500 m (1,600 ft)
Population
 • Total 141,260
Demonym(s) catamarqueño
Time zone ART (UTC−3)
CPA base K4700
Dialing code +54 383

San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca (Spanish pronunciation: ) is a city in northwestern Argentina and capital of Catamarca Province, on the Río Valle River, at the feet of the Cerro Ambato. The city name is normally shortened as Catamarca.

The city of 684 km2 (264 sq mi), located 500 m (1,640 ft) above the sea level, has 141,000 inhabitants (2001 census [INDEC]), with more than 200,000 counting the suburbia, what represents around 70% of the population of the province.

Contents

  • Overview 1
  • History and politics 2
  • Climate 3
  • Economy 4
  • Gallery 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Overview

The city is located 1,130 km (702 mi) from Buenos Aires. The closest provincial capitals are La Rioja (154 km (96 mi)), Tucumán (230 km (143 mi)) and Santiago del Estero (209 km (130 mi)).

Many pilgrims come to San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca to visit the Church of the Virgin of the Valley (1694), which contains a statue of Nuestra Señora del Valle (Our Lady of the Valley).

Catamarca is also the touristic centre of the province, with its colonial architecture, and serves as a hub to many touristic points and excursions, hiking, mountain-bike tours, horse riding, and wine tasting.

San Fernando del Valle is served by Coronel Felipe Varela International Airport) (CTC/SANC), with flights to IRJ, TUC and AEP.

History and politics

An initial settlement, called Londres, was established here by Spanish colonists in 1558; a permanent settlement was not founded until 1683, by Fernando de Mendoza y Mate de Luna. Catamarca comes from Quechua meaning "fortress on the slope".

The city, which had only 8,000 inhabitants in 1882 and was reached by a railway line in 1888, grew very slowly, and the region remained poor even in the middle of the 20th century. This situation was exacerbated by nepotism on the part of the ruling Saadi family, before they lost political power in the 1990s. In spite of this, the province remains still politically unstable, and a large part of its population lives in precarious conditions.

Climate

The warm semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) of Catamarca has an annual average of 20 °C with an average maximum temperature of 34 °C (93 °F) in summer with several days typically exceeding 43 °C (109 °F), and an average minimum of 5 °C (41 °F) in winter. Temperatures in the high mountains can drop down to −30 °C (−22 °F). The Valle (valley) receives relatively little rainfall from summer thunderstorms; most of the precipitation is received in the form of snow on the high mountain tops surrounding the city.

Climate data for San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.8
(114.4)
44.0
(111.2)
44.8
(112.6)
38.3
(100.9)
39.3
(102.7)
30.8
(87.4)
37.4
(99.3)
41.9
(107.4)
44.4
(111.9)
44.7
(112.5)
47.1
(116.8)
47.7
(117.9)
47.7
(117.9)
Average high °C (°F) 34.2
(93.6)
32.6
(90.7)
30.5
(86.9)
27.5
(81.5)
23.8
(74.8)
20.0
(68)
20.0
(68)
23.8
(74.8)
26.0
(78.8)
30.9
(87.6)
32.5
(90.5)
34.2
(93.6)
28.0
(82.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
25.9
(78.6)
23.9
(75)
20.5
(68.9)
16.0
(60.8)
11.5
(52.7)
11.5
(52.7)
15.3
(59.5)
18.3
(64.9)
23.5
(74.3)
25.3
(77.5)
27.3
(81.1)
20.5
(68.9)
Average low °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
20.3
(68.5)
18.7
(65.7)
14.8
(58.6)
9.3
(48.7)
4.5
(40.1)
4.3
(39.7)
7.6
(45.7)
11.2
(52.2)
16.6
(61.9)
19.0
(66.2)
21.3
(70.3)
14.1
(57.4)
Record low °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
10.0
(50)
6.7
(44.1)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.7
(25.3)
−5.6
(21.9)
−9.0
(15.8)
−4.7
(23.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
2.9
(37.2)
6.2
(43.2)
10.1
(50.2)
−9.0
(15.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 98.6
(3.882)
82.6
(3.252)
62.4
(2.457)
25.4
(1)
6.0
(0.236)
3.2
(0.126)
13.9
(0.547)
5.7
(0.224)
12.1
(0.476)
29.0
(1.142)
60.1
(2.366)
59.9
(2.358)
458.9
(18.067)
Average rainy days 10 8 8 6 3 2 4 2 3 3 6 7 62
Average relative humidity (%) 57 62 66 67 66 67 64 53 47 45 52 55 58
Percent possible sunshine 62.6 67.0 59.5 63.0 62.1 58.6 64.5 66.7 63.4 67.7 66.3 65.4 63.9
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional,[1] Universidad Nacional de Catamarca (extremes from the period 1941–1980 and 1996–2005 and sun)[2]

Economy

Agriculture is San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca's chief economic activity; however, low rainfall makes irrigation necessary. Fruit and grapes are grown in the oasis areas near the city, and there's a considerable production of wine. Other local production includes preserves and handwoven ponchos.

Cotton and cattle are important economically, as well as mining at the Farallón Negro, Bajo de la Alumbrera and Capillitas mines where gold, silver, copper and tin.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Catamarca". Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved August 19, 2012. 
  2. ^ Vigo, Marta. "Cuadro 2.6.1.7 Datos Climático AGC" (PDF). Propuestas para el Diseño Urbano Bioambiental en Zonas Cálidas Semiáridas: Caso Área del Gran Catamarca (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de Catamarca. Retrieved June 8, 2015. 
  • Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Municipality of S. F. del V. de Catamarca - Official website.
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