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Sant Joan les Fonts

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Sant Joan les Fonts

Sant Joan les Fonts
Municipality

Coat of arms
Sant Joan les Fonts
Sant Joan les Fonts
Location in Catalonia

Coordinates: 42°12′54″N 2°30′50″E / 42.21500°N 2.51389°E / 42.21500; 2.51389

Country  Spain
Autonomous community Catalonia
Province Gerona
Comarca Garrotxa
Government
 • Alcalde Joan Espona Agustín (Convergence and Union)
 • Patron saint holy Mother of God of the Rosary
Area
 • Total 31.80 km2 (12.28 sq mi)
Elevation 342 m (1,122 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 2,751
 • Density 87/km2 (220/sq mi)
Demonym Santjoanenc
Website

Sant Joan les Fonts is a municipality of the comarca of Garrotxa, located in Girona, Catalonia. As of 2006, the population is 2,708.[1] Until 1949 it was known as Begudà.

It is part of the Garrotxa Volcanic Zone Natural Park.

The municipality

It is the second most populous municipality of Garrotxa (after Olot). It is located at the confluence linking Girona to Olot, Figueres and Camprodón. It is crossed by the river Fluvià, which has been the engine behind the population's industrial development. Industry is the most developed sector in the municipality, followed by agriculture.

History

The earliest core of the town was formed in the ninth century. Earthquakes in the years 1427 and 1428 most of the collapsed buildings. A recovery began in the area, with small population centers, that was hampered by civil war in the fifteenth century. During the 17th century, it lived through an age of crisis, aggravated by the War of the Spanish Succession .

There was no significant population growth until the eighteenth century, with the incorporation of immigrants from Olot and the vicinity. Later, war resulted in another decline of the population, a decline that continued throughout the 19th century. The 1854 cholera epidemic wreaked havoc.

During the 20th century, there was a social and economic revival, despite the 1936 civil war and the Franco dictatorship.

Population

  • Begudà, 248 inhabitants
  • La Canya, 557 inhabitants
  • El Pla de Baix, 39 inhabitants
  • El Pla de Dalt, 54 inhabitants
  • Sant Cosme, 100 inhabitants
  • Sant Joan les Fonts, 1,761 inhabitants

Main sights

Monastery of Sant Joan les Fonts

An old priorate, subordinate to the abbey of St. Victor of Marseille, to Sant Pere de Besalú until 1592, and until 1835 subordinate to Sant Pere de Camprodón. Declared a national monument, the church is a Romanesque building with three naves, the central one pointed vault and the naves at the side rounded.

Medieval bridge

The medieval bridge, built with volcanic stone, crosses the river Fluvià and links the core of the town with the existing church and the Castanyer neighborhood.

Canadell tower

A fortress located at the Serra de Vivers. From this point one can observe the entire landscape of Garrotxa, from Besalú through the valley of Olot and the valley de Bianya. The Canadell Tower is a four-story square building with "espitlleres" on all four sides and a terrace roof. It was once surrounded by ramparts.

Juvinyà estate

The Juvinyà estate is known as the oldest Romanesque civil building in Catalonia. It is located along the Fluvià river. It is a fortified manor house with two parts, the defensive tower and main building. It was declared a provincial monument in 1972.

Molí fondo

An area of archeological interest also known for the lava flow that formed part of the old lock known as "la Reformada".

Holidays

Various holidays are celebrated:

  • The festival of San Isidro, in May.
  • The festival of Roser, Easter Monday.
  • The main festival, June 24.
  • The "pessebre vivent" (nativity scenes), Christmas.
  • Begudà celebrates the festival of Santa Eulàlia, and the main festival in the first weekend of August

Twin towns

References

External links

  • City council website
  • Information from the Catalonia government
  • Information from the Catalonian Institute of Statistics
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