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Sarab, East Azerbaijan

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Title: Sarab, East Azerbaijan  
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Subject: Azerbaijan (Iran), Iranian cuisine, Mount Bozgush
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Sarab, East Azerbaijan


Country Iran
Province East Azerbaijan
County Sarab
Bakhsh Central
Elevation 1,650 m (5,410 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 42,057
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 431

Sarab (Persian: سراب‎; also Romanized as Sarāb)[1] is a city in and the capital of Sarab County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 42,057, in 11,045 families.[2]

Sarab is famous for its rugs.[3] From 1747 to 1813, it was the capital of the Sarab Khanate.[4]

Sarab is 636 kilometres (395 mi) from Tehran, and 130 kilometres (81 mi) from Tabriz. Sarab is situated between the high mountains of Bozquosh and the peak of Sabalan. It has a very lovely and pleasant temperature in summer but very cold one in winter. The town of Sarab is one of the oldest and historic settlements of Azarbijan. An epigraph which belongs to the Urartu periodic has been found near the town. The volcanic mountains situated around the town contain a large number of spa waters, and streams. Some of the interesting places in Sarab are the stony Epigraph Orratoey Qirax Qizlar, the stony Epigraph of Razliq which is located 12 km north to the town of Sarab, fire place (Chahar Taqi) Agmiyan which is located north-east to the town of Sarab and belongs to the Sassanid period, the stony caravan Sara Saein which belongs to the Safavid period, the old and stony mosque Jamalabad and Asneq which are located in Alan Baraghoush, and belongs to the early Islamic period, the Jami mosque of Sarab which belongs to the 9th century AH and the spa waters such as Allah Hag, Abres and Sarab.


The rugs of Sarab, which are also known as Hijias, have light, rather bright colour schemes. The usual adjective for "of Sarab" would be "Sarab-i", this changed to "Serapi". In 1876, about the time that Sarabi rugs were coming on the market in England, the Prince of Wales made a trip to India on the H.M.S. Serapis. The similarity of the names led to the form "Serapi" for the rugs.[5]

Universities of Sarab

  • Islamic Azad University, Sarab Branch
  • Sama Technical College of Sarab
  • Payame noor University of Sarab
  • Technical College of Sarab


  1. ^ Sarab, East Azerbaijan can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3082404" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ Helfgott, Leonard Michael (1993) Ties that bind: a social history of the Iranian carpet Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., p. 221, ISBN 1-56098-269-1
  4. ^ Rzakhanov, Zaur (comp.) (2006) "Chronology of Azerbaijan History and neighboring regions"
  5. ^ "Persian Rugs: Serapi Rugs and Serab Rugs and Carpets Guide"

External links

  • Information Site of Sarab City

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