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Schalburg Corps

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Title: Schalburg Corps  
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Subject: Danish People's Defence, Denmark in World War II, Schalburg Cross, Peter group, Knud Børge Martinsen
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Schalburg Corps

Schalburg Corps
Flag of the Schalburg Corps
Active 1943-45
Country Denmark
Allegiance Nazi Germany
Branch Germanic-SS, SS
Knud Børge Martinsen

The Schalburg Corps (danish: Schalburgkorps) was a Danish volunteer army corps and a branch of the Germanic-SS. It was named in honour of Christian Frederik von Schalburg, commander of the Free Corps Denmark who was killed in action in the Demyansk Pocket in 1942. Thus Christian Frederik von Schalburg did not have anything to do with the creation of the Schalburg Corps.

The Danish Germanic-SS was formed on February 2, 1943. On March 30 the corps was renamed to Schalburg Corps. Members who had not had any Eastern Front combat experience had to go through a six week political indoctrination and combat training.

The corps was divided into two groups, the first made up of regular soldiers and the second, which came to be known as the Danish People's Defence, of civilians, some of whom were expected to provide financial backing. Members of the corps were used as a guard battalion to protect railroads and crossroads from sabotage.

In July 1944, the Schalburg Corps was incorporated into the SS as SS Training Battalion Schalburg. Six months later it was renamed the SS Guard Battalion Zealand. It was officially disbanded on February 28, 1945.

HQ of the Schalburg Corps in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1943. The building is the occupied lodge of the Danish Order of Freemasons.

See also

External links

  • Webpage about the Schalburg Corps
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