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Scottish Parliament general election

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Scottish Parliament general election

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Scotland has elections to several bodies: the Scottish Parliament, the United Kingdom Parliament, the European Parliament, local councils and community councils.

Scottish Parliament

Scottish Parliamentary elections use the Additional Member System (AMS) system. Under this system, voters are given two votes: one for their constituency, which elects a single MSP by first-past-the-post; and one for their region, which elects seven MSPs by closed list. Four Scottish Parliamentary elections have been held since the reconvention of the Scottish Parliament in 1999. Elections are held every four years, on the first Thursday in May.

By-elections

Main article: List of Scottish parliamentary by-elections

UK Parliament, Westminster

2010

Party Seats Seats
change
Seats Contested Votes  %  %
change
Labour 41 0 59 1,035,528 42.0 +2.5
Liberal Democrat 11 0 59 465,471 18.9 -3.7
SNP 6 0 59 491,386 19.9 +2.3
Conservative 1 0 59* 412,855 16.7 +0.9
UKIP 0 0 34 17,223 0.7 +0.3
Scottish Green 0 0 20 16,827 0.7 -0.3
BNP 0 0 13 8,910 0.4 +0.3
TUSC 0 0 10 3,530 0.1 N/A
Scottish Socialist 0 0 10 3,157 0.1 -1.7
Socialist Labour 0 0 5 1,673 0.0 -
Christian 0 0 1 835 0.0 N/A
Trust 0 0 1 534 0.0 N/A
Liberal 0 0 1 389 0.0 N/A
Scottish Jacobite 0 0 2 290 0.0 N/A
Communist 0 0 2 237 0.0 N/A
Turnout: 2,465,722 63.8

2005

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes  %  %
change
Labour 41 -15 922,402 39.5 -4.5
Liberal Democrat 11 +1 528,076 22.6 +6.3
SNP 6 +1 412,267 17.7 -2.4
Conservative 1 0 369,388 15.8 +0.2
Scottish Socialist 0 0 43,514 1.9 -1.2
Scottish Green 0 0 25,760 1.1 +1.1
UKIP 0 0 8,859 0.4 +0.3
Socialist Labour 0 0 6,696 0.3 +0.2
Christian 0 0 4,004 0.2 +0.2
BNP 0 0 1,591 0.1 +0.1
Scottish Unionist 0 0 1,266 0.1 0
Scottish Senior Citizens 0 0 1,017 0.0 0
Liberal 0 0 916 0.0 0
Turnout: 2,333,887 60.6

2001

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes  %  %
change
Labour 55 -1 1,001,173 43.3 -2.3
Liberal Democrat 10 0 378,034 16.3 +3.4
SNP 5 -1 464,314 20.1 -2.1
Conservative 1 +1 360,658 15.6 -1.9
Scottish Socialist 0 0 72,516 3.1 +2.8
Turnout: 2,315,703 58.2 -13.1

1997

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes  %  %
change
Labour 56 +6 1,283,350 45.6 +6.6
Liberal Democrat 10 +1 365,362 13.0 -0.1
SNP 6 +3 621,550 22.1 +0.6
Conservative 0 -11 493,059 17.5 -8.2
Other 0 0 53,427 2.0 +1.2
Turnout: 2,816,748 71.3 -4.2

1992

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes  %  %
change
Labour 49 -1 1,142,911 39.0 -3.4
Conservative 11 +1 751,950 25.6 +1.6
Liberal Democrat 9 0 383,856 13.1 -6.1
SNP 3 0 629,564 22.1 +7.1
Other 0 0 23,417 0.8 +0.5
Turnout: 2,931,698 75.5 +4.0

1987

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes  %  %
change
Labour 50 +9 1,258,132 39.0 +3.9
Conservative 10 -11 713,081 24.0 -4.4
style="width: 5px; background-color:
  1. REDIRECT Template:SDP–Liberal Alliance/meta/color;" data-sort-value="SDP-Liberal Alliance" |
9 0 570,053 19.2 -5.3
SNP 3 +1 416,473 14.1 +2.3
Other 0 0 10,069 0.3 0.0
Turnout: 2,967,808 75.1 +2.4

1983

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes  %  %
change
Labour 41 -3 990,654 35.1
Conservative 21 -1 801,487 28.4
style="width: 5px; background-color:
  1. REDIRECT Template:SDP–Liberal Alliance/meta/color;" data-sort-value="SDP-Liberal Alliance" |
8 0 692,634 24.5
SNP 2 0 331,975 11.8
Other 0 0 7,830 0.3 0.0
Turnout: 2,824,580 72.7

1979

Party Seats Seats
change
Votes  %  %
change
Labour 44 +3 1,211,455 41.6
Conservative 22 +8 916,155 31.4
SNP 2 -9 504,259 17.3
Liberal 3 0 262,224 9.0
Other 0 0 16,618 0.6 0.0
Turnout: 2,916,637 76.84

Pre 1979

Party
Year
Conservative Labour Liberal Scottish National Party others
10 October 1974
16 41 3 11 0
28 February 1974
21 40 3 7 0
18 June 1970
19 48 3 1 0
31 March 1966
21 46 5 0 0
15 October 1964
23 44 4 0 0
8 October 1959
26 43 1 0 1
26 May 1955
36 34 1 0 0
25 October 1951
35 35 1 0 0
23 February 1950
32 37 2 0 0
5 July 1945
30 34 0 0 7

By-elections

Local councils

Since 1995 Local elections are genially held in Scotland every 4 years, for all 32 unitary authorities which were created under the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994. Between 1975 and 1992 elections were held every 2 years for either District or regional council, which sat for 4-year terms. The set up was created under Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973

As one consequence of the Gould Report,[3] which was a response to the fiasco of the 2007 elections, the next council elections are scheduled for 2012 (one year after the Parliamentary elections).

2012

The election was contested for the second time under the STV system of proportional representation. It was also the first time in 13 years for the elections not be held on the same day as the Scottish parliament elections. For full analysis see Scottish council elections, 2012.

Template:Scottish council elections, 2012

Past Elections

By-elections

2008

  • date to be announced: Abbey (4-member ward), Dumfries and Galloway, 1 member elected by single transferable vote: result pending (result May 2007: 2 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lab)
  • 1 May: Troup (3-member ward), Aberdeenshire, 1 member elected by single transferable vote: result pending (result May 2007: 1 SNP, 1 Con, 1 Ind)
  • 6 March: Cambuslang East (3-member ward), South Lanarkshire, 1 member elected by single transferable vote: Lab gain from SNP (result May 2007: 2 Lab, 1 SNP; after by election: 3 Lab)
  • 28 Feb: Lerwick South (4-member ward), Shetland, 1 member elected by single transferable vote: Ind hold (result May 2007: 4 Ind; after by election: 4 Ind)
  • 21 Feb: Highland (3-member ward), Perth and Kinross, 1 member elected by single transferable vote: SNP hold (result May 2007: 2 SNP, 1 Con; after by election: 2 SNP, 1 Con)
  • 14 Feb: Elgin City South (3-member ward), Moray, 1 member elected by single transferable vote: SNP gain from Ind (result May 2007: 1 SNP, 1 Lab, 1 Ind; after by election: 2 SNP, 1 Lab)
  • 31 January: Kilsyth (3-member ward), North Lanarkshire, 1 member elected by single transferable vote: Lab hold (result May 2007: 2 Lab, 1 SNP; after by election: 2 Lab, 1 SNP)

2007

  • 22 November: Lochee (4-member ward), Dundee, 1 member elected by single transferable vote: SNP hold (result May 2007: 2 SNP, 2 Lab; after by election: 2 SNP, 2 Lab)
  • 4 October: Helensburgh and Lomond South (3-member ward), Argyll and Bute, 1 member elected by single transferable vote: Lib Dem gain from Ind (result May 2007: 1 Con, 1 Ind, 1 Lib Dem; after by election: 2 Lib Dem, 1 Con)
  • 16 August: Midstocket/Rosemount (3-member ward), Aberdeen, 1 member elected by single transferable vote: SNP gain from Con (result May 2007: 1 Con, 1 SNP, 1 Lab; after by election: 2 SNP, 1 Lab)

2006

2005

European Parliament

In 1999, a Scotland-wide constituency replaced 8 first-past-the-post constituencies, which were used in the elections between 1979 and 1994: which returned 8 MEPS under the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation system. Since then, the number of MEPs returned by Scotland has been reduced twice more to seven in (2004) and then to six in (2009).

Elected candidates are shown in bold. Brackets indicate the number of votes per seat won.

2009

European Election 2009: Scotland[4][5]
List Candidates Votes % ±%
SNP Ian Hudghton, Alyn Smith
Aileen McLeod, Drew Hendry, Duncan Ross, Gordon Archer
321,007
(160,503.5)
29.1 +9.4
Labour David Martin, Catherine Stihler
Mary Lockhart, Paul McAleavely, Kirsty Connell, Nasim Khan[6]
229,853
(114,926.5)
20.8 -5.6
Conservative Struan Stevenson
Belinda Don, Helen Gardiner, Donald G. MacDonald, Gerald Michaluk, PJ Lewis[7]
185,794 16.8 -0.9
Liberal Democrat George Lyon
Euan Robson, Robert Aldridge, Patsy Kenton, Douglas Herbison, Clive Sneddon[8]
127,038 11.5 -1.6
Scottish Green Elaine Morrison, Chas Booth, Kirsten Robb, Alastair Whitelaw, Ruth Dawkins, Peter McColl 80,442 7.3 +0.5
style="background-color: Template:United Kingdom Independence Party/meta/color; width: 5px;" | UKIP Peter Adams, Paul Hencke, Phillip Anderson, Matthew Desmond, Donald Mackay, Paul Wiffen, Kathleen Desmond [9] 57,788 5.2 -1.5
BNP Gary Raikes, Charlie Baillie, Deborah McKnight, Roy Jones, Max Dunbar, Elise Jones [10] 27,174 2.5 +0.8
Socialist Labour Louise McDaid, David Jacobsen, Katherine McGavigan, James Berrington, Claire Watt, James McDaid 22,135 2.0 +2.0
Scottish Christian Sheila McLaughlan, John Smart, Brian Ross, Archie Linnegan, Christine Cormack, Isobel Anne Macleod 16,738 1.5 +1.5
Scottish Socialist Colin Fox, Angela Gorrie, Johanna Dind, Nick McKerrell, Raphie de Santos, Felicity Garvie 10,404 0.9 -4.3
Independent Duncan Robertson 10,189 0.9 +0.9
NO2EU John Foster, Tommy Sheridan, Leah Ganley, Stuart Hyslop, Ajit Singh Uppal, Tom Morrison 9,693 0.9 +0.9
Jury Team Alan Wallace, John O'Callaghan, Stuart Brown, Kenneth Lees, Mev Brown, Austin Compson-Bradford[11] 6,257 0.6 +0.6
Turnout 1,104,512 28.5 −2.4

2004

European Election 2004: Scotland[12]
List Candidates Votes % ±%
Labour David Martin, Catherine Stihler
Bill Miller, Kirsty O'Brien, Colin Smyth, Catriona Renton, Gemma Doyle
310,865
(155,432.5)
26.4 -2.3
SNP Ian Hudghton, Alyn Smith
Kenneth Gibson, Douglas Henderson, Alexander Nicholson, Alex Orr, Janet Law, Duncan Ross
231,505
(115,752.5)
19.7 -7.5
Conservative Struan Stevenson, John Purvis
Cameron Buchanan, Sebastian Leslie, Anne Harper, Paul Nelson, Douglas Taylor
209,028
(104,514)
17.8 -2.0
Liberal Democrat Elspeth Attwooll
Robert Aldridge, Alex Bruce, Karen Freel, Douglas Herbison, Clive Sneddon, Christine James, Jermaine Allison
154,178 13.1 +3.3
Scottish Green Chas Booth, Tara O'Leary, Martin Bartos, Moira Dunworth, Alastair Whitelaw, Katherine Joester, James Park 79,695 6.8 +1.0
style="background-color: Template:United Kingdom Independence Party/meta/color; width: 5px;" | UKIP Peter Troy, Philip Anderson, George Cormack, Michael Phillips, Janice Murdock, Donald Mackay, Peter Nielson 78,828 6.7 +5.4
Scottish Socialist Felicity Garvie, Nick McKerrel, Hugh Kerr, Catriona Grant, Lynn Sheridan, John Sangster, Andrew Rossiter 61,356 5.2 +1.2
Christian Vote George Hargreaves, William Thompson, Richard Russell, David Braid, Marion McNeill, Mary Hay, Rose Irtwange 21,056 1.8 N/A
BNP Steven Blake, Scott McLean, David Kerr, Stephen Burns, Bryan Dickson, Craig McComb, John Bean[13] 19,427 1.7 +1.3
Scottish Wind Watch Brendan Hamill, Sylvia Thorne, Charles Bennie, Jennifer Scobie, Bennie Palmer, Helen Pass, Richard Hammock 7,255 0.6 N/A
Independent Fergus Tait 3,624 0.3 N/A
Turnout 1,176,817 30.9 +6.2

1999

European Election 1999: Scotland[14]
List Candidates Votes % ±%
Labour David Martin, Bill Miller, Catherine Taylor
Christine May, Hugh McMahon, James Paton, John Clifford, Jeanette Bradley
283,490
(94,496.67)
28.7 N/A
SNP Ian Hudghton, Neil MacCormick
Anne Gillies, Gordon Wilson, Janet Law, Kris Browne, Ian Goldie, Josephine Docherty
268,528
(134,264)
27.2 N/A
Conservative Struan Stevenson, John Purvis
Anne Harper, Cameron Buchanan, Sebastian Leslie, Iain Mitchell, Peter Ramsay, Anthony Gilbey
195,296
(97,648)
19.8 N/A
Liberal Democrat Elspeth Attwooll
Robert Aldridge, Neil Mitchison, Heather Lyall, Clive Sneddon, Danus Skene, Karen Freel, Jayne Struthers
96,971 9.8 N/A
Scottish Green Marion Coyne, Eleanor Scott, Phil O'Brien, Graeme Farmer, Linda Hendry, Chris Ballance, Kay Allan, Alastair Whitelaw 57,142 5.8 N/A
Scottish Socialist Hugh Kerr, Rosie Kane, Harvey Duke, Catherine Stewart, Colin Fox, Shareen Blackall, Steve Arnott, Frances Curran 39,720 4.0 N/A
Pro-Euro Conservative Paul Dwyer, Joanna Lavender, Douglas McConchie, Richard Ashurst, Neasa MacEarlean, Oliver Grant, Alexander Skinner, James Waters 17,781 1.8 N/A
style="background-color: Template:United Kingdom Independence Party/meta/color; width: 5px;" | UKIP Alistair McConnachie, Donald Mackay, James McKenna, Stuart Brown, Matthew Henderson, Joseph Smith, Peter Nielson, John Mumford 12,459 1.3 N/A
Socialist Labour Louise McDaid, Christopher Herriot, Katharine McGavigan, Stephen Mayes, Patricia Graham, Colin Turbett, Margaret Stead, James Galloway 9,385 1.0 N/A
BNP Kenneth Smith, Scott McLean,[15] Russell Bradley, Mark Allen, Paul Wilkinson, Robert Currie, David Kerr,[16] James Mills 3,729 0.4 N/A
Natural Law James McKissock, George Stidolph, Diana Kras, Kenneth Blair, David Pettigrew, Iain Petrie, Anna Rawlinson, Thomas Pringle 2,087 0.2 N/A
Accountant for Lower Scottish Taxes Charles Lawson 1,632 0.2 N/A
Turnout 988,310 24.7 N/A

Pre 1999 elections

For full details of results please referee to related articles;

Referendums

To-date 5 referendums have been held in Scotland, covering a wide range of issues.

A referendum on Scottish independence is expected to take place in 2014.

See also

Scotland portal
Politics portal

References

External links

  • Electoral Commission
  • Boundary Commission for Scotland
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