World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Second Avenue (IND Sixth Avenue Line)

Second Avenue
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Riders crowd the platform following the last trip of 2012's nostalgia special.
Station statistics
Address East Houston Street & Second Avenue
New York, NY 10002
Borough Manhattan
Locale East Village
Coordinates
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Sixth Avenue Line
Services       F all times (all times)
Connection
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4 (2 in regular service)
Other information
Opened January 1, 1936 (January 1, 1936)
Former/other names Lower East Side – Second Avenue
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 5,999,079[1] Increase 5.1%
Rank 70 out of 421
Station succession
Next north Broadway – Lafayette Street: F all times
Next south Delancey Street: F all times

Second Avenue is a station on the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of Second Avenue and Houston Street on the border between the East Village and the Lower East Side, in Manhattan. It is served by the F train at all times.

Station layout

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
P
Platforms
Northbound local toward Jamaica – 179th Street (Broadway – Lafayette Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Northbound tail track No regular service
Northbound tail track No regular service
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Southbound local toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue (Delancey Street)

The station has two island platforms and four tracks. All trains run on the outer tracks while the inner tracks are currently unused. The wall tiling is purple with dark purple border and lacks name tablets; the columns are concrete, and there are especially large columns with built-in benches at the centers of the platforms. Despite the station's name, the exit and mezzanine at Second Avenue is only open part-time. The full-time booth is located at the First Avenue mezzanine.

West (railroad north) of the station, the center tracks are connected by a diamond crossover before merging with the local tracks; this allows the station to be used as a terminal if necessary. East (railroad south) of the station, the local tracks continue along Houston Street before curving south into Essex Street and continuing through Delancey Street station.

History

Second Avenue opened on January 1, 1936, as part of the Houston/Essex Streets subway—the portion of the Sixth Avenue Line between West Fourth Street – Washington Square and East Broadway. At that time, all four Sixth Avenue tracks ran continuously from West Fourth Street through Second Avenue, as the local tracks still do. The inner tracks were used as a terminal for various services after opening. During the construction of the Chrystie Street Connection in the 1950s and 1960s, the center express tracks at Broadway – Lafayette Street were severed from the tracks at Second Avenue and rerouted to the Chrystie Street subway, running through Grand Street station to the north side of the Manhattan Bridge. The remaining center tracks at Second Avenue were then tied into the local tracks just west of the station, to continue to be available for terminal tracks.

This station had been renamed on transit maps and announced on digital announcements as Lower East Side – Second Avenue when it served as the southern terminal for the V train from December 2001 to June 2010. Station signs however remained unchanged throughout this renaming.

IND Second System provisions

Houston Street station provisional platforms

As part of the 1929 plans for the Second Avenue Subway—which would have run directly over Second Avenue station—room was left for the anticipated right-of-way above the Sixth Avenue trackways and between the two mezzanines. A large, open space is still visible over the tracks and platforms.[2] When the Second Avenue Subway is actually built, however, this space will not be used for the new Houston Street station; rather, a station will be built below this one, with a free transfer between them.[3][4]

IND Houston Street Line tail tracks

The center tracks also continue disused along Houston, but rise to an upper level and stub-end near Avenue A at bumper blocks. Near the end, the tracks begin to separate to create a provision for a center track which only extends about 10 or 15 feet and stops at the bulkhead at the end of the tunnel. It was planned that these tracks would continue under the East River to the South Fourth Street Line, part of a never-built system expansion. These tracks east of the station were previously used for train storage but became an oft-frequented spot for the homeless. The area was cleared out in 1990, and corrugated metal walls with bumper blocks were installed just past the east end of the platforms to seal the tunnels.

Exits

  • NW corner of Houston Street and Second Avenue
  • SW corner of Houston Street and Chrystie Street
  • NW corner of Houston Street and First Avenue
  • SW corner of Houston Street and Allen Street

References

  1. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-03-28. 
  2. ^ http://www.columbia.edu/~brennan/abandoned/2Ave.ceilw.jpg
  3. ^ "Construction Methods, November 2002" MTA Capital Construction; Retrieved on 2008-05-18
  4. ^ http://web.mta.info/capital/sas_docs/feis/figure8-15.pdf

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • nycsubway.org—IND 6th Avenue: 2nd Avenue
  • Station Reporter — F Train
  • Abandoned Stations — IND Second System unfinished stations
  • Second Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View
  • First Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.