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Second Expedition of Wadi al-Qura

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Title: Second Expedition of Wadi al-Qura  
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Subject: Caravan raids, Conquest of Fadak, Demolition of Dhul Khalasa, Expedition of Abdullah ibn Rawaha, Expedition of Abu Sufyan ibn Harb
Collection: 627 in Asia, Campaigns Ordered by Muhammad
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Second Expedition of Wadi al-Qura

Second Expedition of Wadi al-Qura
Date January 628AD, 10th month 6AH
Location Wadi al-Qura
Result *Successful operation, 30 horsemen including enemy commander, killed[1]
Commanders and leaders
Zayd ibn Haritha Unknown
Strength
Large platoon Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown 30 horsemen killed Large amount captured[1]

Second Expedition of Wadi al-Qura took place in January, 628AD, 9th month of 6AH of the Islamic calendar [2][3][4] The raid was carried out by Zaid ibn Haritha or Abu Bakr, as a revenge for an ambush carried out by Banu Fazarah against a party of 12 scouts led by Zaid ibn Haritha to monitor the surroundings of Medina against attacks from hostile tribes. The party was attacked as they slept at night, nine Muslims were killed, Ziad ibn Haritha himself escaped after suffering several wounds.[1]

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Revenge attack 2
  • Islamic primary sources 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Background

Zaid bin Harith went on a trading expedition towards Syria and with him was the merchandise for the Companions of Muhammed. While he was near Wadi’l Qura he met a party from the Tribe of Fazara of Banu Badr. They attacked him and his companions and snatched all that was with them (of merchandise).[5]

Some of his fellows were killed and he himself was carried wounded from the field. Zaid vowed that he would not wash his head for ritual purity (i.e. he vowed to abstain from sexual intercourse) until he fought the people of Fazara.[6]

Revenge attack

After his recovery from the injury and following the morning prayer, the detachment was given orders to raid the enemy. He attacked them at Wadi al-Qura and inflicted heavy casualties on them. Some of them were killed and others captured. In all 30 horsemen were killed, including the leader who was an old woman named Umm Qirfa.[1]

He took Umm Qirfa, the aunt of Uyeina back to Muhammad. Zayd also took Umm Qirfa's daughter as a captive and was given to Muhammad, who gave her to the Meccans in exchange for Muslim prisoners (according to the Sahih Muslim hadith collection).[7]

According to the Muslim jurist al-Tabari, Qais tied each of Umm Qirfa's legs with a rope, and attached the ropes to two camels. Then he drove the camels in opposite directions thus renting her in two. The circumstances of her death however are not mentioned in any Hadith collections, leading to some scholars doubting the authenticity of the way she was killed. Another version of this story says that the leader of this raid was Abu Bakr. Mohammed did not disapprove of the way she was killed, according to the Muslim jurist al-Tabari.

Islamic primary sources

The event is mentioned in detail in the Sunni hadith collection, Sahih Muslim. It mentions that Umm Qirfa's daughter was exchanged for Muslim prisoners, who were held in Mecca.

The event is mentioned by the Muslim Jurist Tabari as follows:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Mubarakpuri, Saifur Rahman Al (2005), The sealed nectar: biography of the Noble Prophet, Darussalam Publications, p. 395  (online)
  2. ^ Atlas of the Quran, Shawqī Abū Khalīl, Pg 242
  3. ^ Hawarey, Dr. Mosab (2010). The Journey of Prophecy; Days of Peace and War (Arabic). Islamic Book Trust. Note: Book contains a list of battles of Muhammad in Arabic, English translation available here
  4. ^ Muḥammad Ibn ʻAbd al-Wahhāb, Mukhtaṣar zād al-maʻād, p. 345.
  5. ^ Sirat Halabiyya 2/192
  6. ^ Tabari Vol.8:Page.96
  7. ^ Sahih Muslim, 19:4345
  8. ^ Al Tabari, Michael Fishbein (translator) (1997), Volume 8, Victory of Islam, State University of New York Press, pp. 95–97,  
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