World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Senta

Senta
Сента
Zenta
Municipality and City
Senta, City Hall
Senta, City Hall
Coat of arms of Senta
Coat of arms
Senta is located in Serbia
Senta
Location of Senta within Serbia
Senta is located in Vojvodina
Senta
Location of Senta within Vojvodina
Coordinates:
Country Serbia
Province Vojvodina
District North Banat
Government
 • Mayor Rudolf Ceglédi (VMSZ)
Area
 • Senta 293.0 km2 (113.12 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Senta 18,704
 • Metro 23,316
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 24400
Area code(s) +381(0)24
Car plates SA
Website www.zenta-senta.co.rs
Map of Senta municipality
The tower of the City Hall
The bridge across Tisa River in Senta

Senta (Serbian Cyrillic: Сента (pronounced ); Hungarian: Zenta (pronounced ); Romanian: Zenta; German: Senta or formerly Zenta; Turkish: Zenta) is a town and municipality on the bank of the Tisa river in the Vojvodina province, Serbia. Although geographically located in Bačka, it is part of the North Banat District. The town has a population of 18,704, whilst the Senta municipality has 23,316 inhabitants (2011 census).

Contents

  • History 1
  • Inhabited places 2
  • Climate 3
  • Demographics (2011 census) 4
    • Ethnic groups in the Senta municipality 4.1
    • Ethnic groups in the Senta town 4.2
  • Sights 5
  • Notable citizens 6
  • Twin cities 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

Archaeological finds indicate that the area around the modern settlement was populated from the prehistoric times. Neolithic and eneolithic societies settled in the vicinity of modern Senta thousands of years ago leaving credible traces of their presence. A Neolithic TiszapolgárBodrogkeresztúr culture necropolis was found in Senta.[1] The first historic population that might have lived in the area were most likely the Agathyrsi (6th century BC). With certainty we can claim that the inhabitants of the early "Senta" in the 6th century AD were Sarmatians, Slavs alike and Avars. Hungarian people invaded the area during the great breakthrough of the Magyars in the 9th century AD.

According to historic records, the town was mentioned first in 1216 under the name Szintarev. In this time, it was under administration of the medieval [4]

During the second half of the 16th century and most of the 17th century Senta was under administration of the Ottoman Empire and the town and area were part of the Sanjak of Segedin. However, Ottomans only operated a garrison in the fort, while the population of settlement was Serb. The reputed traveler, Evlija Čelebija, visited Senta during his expeditions, and noted that it is a small place, quiet and calm with a fort, a mosque and a village with enough services to maintain itself. On the 15. October 1686 a skirmish between local Serb insurgence under Habsburg command and a smaller Ottoman force occurred. The event is known as the First Battle of Senta. From the year 1686 to the more commonly known Battle of Senta in 1697 the town and its surroundings were no longer under Ottoman control, but at the same time were neither controlled by the Habsburgs.

On 11 September 1697 Serb militia called Frontiersmen. After the abolishment of this part of the Frontier in 1751, Senta was included into District of Theiss, which was part of the Batsch-Bodrog County of the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary. Many of the Serbs that lived in the town, and that now considered themselves humiliated by being reduced from soldiers to farmers, emigrated either to other parts of the Habsburg Monarchy where Military Frontier was still needed either to Russia (notably to New Serbia and Slavo-Serbia). One of the settlements in New Serbia was also named Senta by the Serb colonists.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, Hungarians, Slovaks, Germans, and Jews settled in the town. In 1848–1849 revolution, the town was alternately controlled by the forces of the Kingdom of Hungary and forces of the Serbian Vojvodina. From 1849 to 1860, it was part of the Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar, a separate Austrian crown land. After abolishment of the voivodeship in 1860, Senta was again included into Batsch-Bodrog County. In 1910, the population of the town numbered 29,666 inhabitants of whom 27,221 (91.8%) spoke Hungarian, 2,020 (6.8%) spoke Serbian, and 425 (1.4%) spoke other languages.

Serbs started to settle in the town in larger number again after the First World War, when Senta became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed to Yugoslavia) in 1918. From 1918 to 1922, the town was part of Novi Sad County, from 1922 to 1929 part of Belgrade Oblast, and from 1929 to 1941 part of Danube Banovina. From 1941 to 1944, Senta was occupied by the Axis troops and was attached to Horthy's Hungary. After the war, in 1944, Senta became part of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina within new socialist Yugoslavia. Since 1945, Vojvodina is part of the People's Republic of Serbia within Yugoslavia.

Inhabited places

Senta municipality includes the town of Senta and 4 villages. The villages are (Hungarian names are in italics):

Climate

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[5]

Climate data for Senta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2
(36)
4
(40)
11
(51)
17
(63)
23
(73)
27
(80)
29
(84)
28
(83)
24
(76)
18
(64)
11
(52)
3
(37)
16.4
(61.6)
Average low °C (°F) −5
(23)
−4
(24)
0
(32)
5
(41)
10
(50)
13
(56)
15
(59)
14
(57)
11
(51)
6
(43)
3
(37)
−3
(26)
5.4
(41.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30
(1.2)
28
(1.1)
41
(1.6)
41
(1.6)
69
(2.7)
61
(2.4)
48
(1.9)
50
(2)
56
(2.2)
58
(2.3)
46
(1.8)
43
(1.7)
571
(22.5)
Source: Weatherbase [6]

Demographics (2011 census)

Ethnic groups in the Senta municipality

According to the 2011 census, Senta municipality had a total population of 23,316, including:[7]

  • Hungarians = 18,441 (79.09%)
  • Serbs = 2,533 (10.86%)
  • Romani = 595 (2.55%)
  • Others and undeclared = 1,747 (7.49%)

All settlements in the municipality have Hungarian ethnic majorities.

Ethnic groups in the Senta town

The town of Senta had a population of 18,704, including:[7]

  • Hungarians = 14,429 (77.14%)
  • Serbs = 2,454 (13.12%)
  • Romani = 226 (1.21%)
  • Others and undeclared = 1,595 (8.53%)

Sights

Notable citizens

Senta is the birthplace of many renowned people, including:

Twin cities

See also

References

  1. ^ "[Projekat Rastko] Nikola Tasic: Eneolitske kulture centralnog i zapadnog Balkana". rastko.rs. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  2. ^ "Image: Hungary%201118.jpg, (5683 × 4117 px)". lazarus.elte.hu. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "Image: Hungary%201370.jpg, (5683 × 3917 px)". lazarus.elte.hu. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "Atila Pejin: Istorijat Sente". zetna.org. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Senta, Serbia Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". weatherbase.com. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 
  6. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Senta, Serbia". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  7. ^ a b "Population by ethnicity – Senta". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS). Retrieved 4 March 2013. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Community Portal of Citizens
  • Atila Pejin - Istorijat Sente / History of Senta (Serbian)
  • History of Senta (Hungarian)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.