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Shakhtyorsky, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

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Shakhtyorsky, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

For other uses, see Shakhtyorsky.

Shakhtyorsky (Russian: Шахтёрский), is an urban-type settlement in Anadyrsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia. As of 2008, it is in the process of being abolished due to it no longer being considered economically viable to continue mining in the area.[5][7] Population: 328 (2002 Census);[1] 2,968 (1989 Census).[8] As a result of the cessation of mining activities, the population of the settlement has continued to decline. By 2005, an environmental impact report prepared for the Kupol Gold Project indicated that the population of Shakhtyorsky had fallen to just 93 people.[2]

Geography

The settlement is located on the northern shores of the Anardyrsky Liman where the waters of the Anadyr, Kanchalan and Velikaya meet creating an estuary. It is located on the northern side of the isthmus, a few miles north west of Ugolnye Kopi and across the water from Anadyr (town), where the three main parts of the estuary, the northern series of lakes, the southern lake and the big lagoon on the east join.

The settlement is served by Ugolny Airport.

History

Shakhtyorsky owes its existence to the presence of both coal and fish in the area and because of that it used to be called Kombinat (lit. Industrial Complex) in the 1950s and 1960s and was the site of the first airport in the District which was constructed in 1930. The settlement used to alternate with Ugolnye Kopi as the administrative centre of the district until 1997 when the centre was finally fixed at Ugolnye Kopi.[4]

The mines were declared unprofitable and that there was no possibility of developing any other form of economy in 1999 and the settlement was closed along with a number of others in Chukotka.[9] The Russian government guaranteed funds to transport non-working pensioners and the unemployed in liquidated settlements including Shakhtyorsky from Chukotka to other parts of Russia.[9] The Ministry of railways was obliged to lease containers for the transportation of the migrants' goods to the Chukotkan administration and ensure that they were delivered to the various settlements.[9]

Transport

Shakltyorsky is connected to Ugolnye Kopi and Anadyr Ugolny Airport by a small road system as well as to the now-abandoned settlements of Chetvertiy, Zolotoy and Vtoroy however, it is separated from Anadyr by the Anadyrsky Liman,[10] which is only accessible by ferry. there is also a small network of roads within the settlement including:[11]

  • Улицa Гагарина (Ulitsa Gagarina, lit. Gagarin Street)
  • Улицa Геологов (Ulitsa Geologov, lit. Geologists' Street)
  • Улицa Елкова (Ulitsa Yelkova)
  • Улицa Комсомольская (Ulitsa Komsomolskaya, lit. Komsomol Street)
  • Улицa Набережная (Ulitsa Naberezhnaya, lit. Quay Street)
  • Улицa Нефтяников (Ulitsa Neftyanikov, lit. Oil Workers' Street)
  • Улицa Почтовая (Ulitsa Pochtovaya, lit. Postal Street)
  • Улицa Радиоцентр (Ulitsa Radiotsentr, lit. Central Radio Street)
  • Улицa Титова (Ulitsa Titova)
  • Улицa Тундровая (Ulitsa Tundrovaya, lit. Tundra Street)
  • Улицa Центральная (Ulitsa Tsentralnaya, lit. Central Street)
  • Улицa Чкалова (Ulitsa Chkalova)
  • Улицa Школьная (Ulitsa Shkolnaya, lit. School Street)

Climate

Shakhtyorsky has a Tundra climate (ET)[12] because the warmest month has an average temperature between 0 °C (32 °F) and 10 °C (50 °F).

Climate data for Shakhtyorsky, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
2.2
(36)
5.1
(41.2)
5
(41)
14
(57)
26
(79)
28
(82)
25.6
(78.1)
23.4
(74.1)
10.8
(51.4)
5
(41)
3.6
(38.5)
28
(82)
Average high °C (°F) −19.7
(−3.5)
−17.4
(0.7)
−14.5
(5.9)
−8.2
(17.2)
2
(36)
11.2
(52.2)
15.8
(60.4)
13.7
(56.7)
7.9
(46.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
−8.9
(16)
−16.6
(2.1)
−3
(27)
Average low °C (°F) −26.6
(−15.9)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−21.8
(−7.2)
−15.7
(3.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
3.8
(38.8)
8.8
(47.8)
7.5
(45.5)
2.1
(35.8)
−7.1
(19.2)
−15.7
(3.7)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−9.7
(14.5)
Record low °C (°F) −44
(−47)
−44.1
(−47.4)
−39
(−38)
−32.5
(−26.5)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−5.7
(21.7)
−12.1
(10.2)
−5
(23)
−10.4
(13.3)
−25.3
(−13.5)
−35.8
(−32.4)
−40
(−40)
−44.1
(−47.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 41.7
(1.642)
44.8
(1.764)
32.7
(1.287)
24.5
(0.965)
16.1
(0.634)
24.9
(0.98)
42.2
(1.661)
44.9
(1.768)
37.1
(1.461)
28.5
(1.122)
38.7
(1.524)
32.3
(1.272)
408.4
(16.079)
Avg. snowy days 15 14 13 15 14 1 0 0 3 16 18 15 124
Source: [13]

See also

References

Notes

Sources

  • Bema Gold Corporation, Environmental Impact Assessment, Kupol Gold Project, Far East Russia June 2005.
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №33-ОЗ от 30 июня 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №138-ОЗ от 25 октября 2007 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #33-OZ of June 30, 1998 On Administrative and Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #138-OZ of October 25, 2007. ). (Russian)
  • M Strogoff, P-C Brochet, and D. Auzias (2006). "Avant-Garde" Publishing House.

External links

  • Shakhtyorsky photo gallery (Russian)
  • Panorama of Shakhtyorsky (Russian)
  • More photos of Shakhtyorsky (Russian)
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