World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Shawn Crawford

Article Id: WHEBN0000873877
Reproduction Date:

Title: Shawn Crawford  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Men's 200 metres, 2009 World Championships in Athletics – Men's 200 metres, United States at the 2004 Summer Olympics, Darvis Patton, Kirk Baptiste
Collection: 1978 Births, African-American Track and Field Athletes, American Sprinters, Athletes (Track and Field) at the 2004 Summer Olympics, Athletes (Track and Field) at the 2008 Summer Olympics, Clemson Tigers Track and Field Athletes, Living People, Medalists at the 2004 Summer Olympics, Medalists at the 2008 Summer Olympics, Olympic Gold Medalists for the United States, Olympic Gold Medalists for the United States in Track and Field, Olympic Medalists in Athletics (Track and Field), Olympic Silver Medalists for the United States, Olympic Track and Field Athletes of the United States, People from Lancaster County, South Carolina, Sportspeople from South Carolina, Track and Field People from California, World Championships in Athletics Medalists
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Shawn Crawford

Shawn Crawford
Shawn Crawford during the 2009 World Championships in Athletics in Berlin
Personal information
Nationality  United States
Born (1978-01-14) January 14, 1978
Van Wyck, South Carolina, U.S.
Residence Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Height 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)
Weight 165 lb (75 kg)
Sport Running
Event(s) 100 metres, 200 metres
College team Clemson
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)

100m: 9.88

200m: 19.79

Shawn Crawford (born January 14, 1978) is a retired American sprint athlete. He competed in the 100 meters and 200 meters events. He won gold at the 2004 Summer Olympics and silver at the 2008 Summer Olympics in the 200 meters. He originally finished 4th in the race but after the 2nd and 3rd place winners were disqualified, he moved up to a silver. On April 18, 2013, Crawford was suspended for two years for missing out-of-competition drug tests.[1] His coach, Bob Kersee claimed that Crawford retired after the 2012 United States Olympic Trials and USA Track & Field said he filed retirement papers in 2013.[2]


  • Biography 1
  • Statistics 2
    • Personal bests 2.1
    • Major achievements 2.2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Crawford was born in Van Wyck, South Carolina. He attended Indian Land High School before leaving for Clemson University, where he claimed 11 All-America honors and three National Championships.

In a successful 2001 Crawford started the year with a victory at the Indoor World Championships in the 200 m. He then went to the World Athletics Championships, where he tied with Kim Collins of Saint Kitts and Nevis for the 200 m bronze medal. He then travelled to the Goodwill Games, where he claimed his second gold medal of the year.

The next two years of Crawford's career were most memorable for his outrageous antics and lack of focus. At a 2002 meet in Milan, he put on a Phantom of the Opera mask just prior to the beginning of his 200 m race. The mask became dislodged during the race obstructing his vision and causing him to run out of his lane and be disqualified.[3] He claimed to have tested the mask in advance by sticking his head out of a car window while wearing it.

In January 2003, Crawford starred in an episode of the Fox TV show Man vs. Beast in which he raced a zebra and a giraffe over 100 m on dirt. In the first race he easily bested the giraffe (which was separated from him by a metal fence and may have been a bit disoriented). The zebra race was very close with the zebra slowly pulling ahead for victory. Accusing the zebra of a false start, he re-raced the zebra getting out of the blocks first and taking a lead. This caused the zebra to speed up, finishing in 9.957s to Crawford's 10.86s time. Later he boasted to ESPN the Magazine, "tell the zebra I coulda whooped him."[3] According to the USATF website Crawford refers to himself as "Cheetah Man." He has publicly expressed his desire to run in war paint and urges spectators to look out for him at every meet.

After the relatively unsuccessful and unfocused 2002 and 2003 Crawford burst back in March 2004, where he was fancied for the 60 meters world indoor title. However, he came up against an in-form Jason Gardener from Great Britain, who edged him into the silver medal position by three hundredths of a second.

In the trials for the 2004 Summer Olympics Crawford gained his place in the team by claiming third in the 100 m with a personal best of 9.93s behind winner Maurice Greene and second placed Justin Gatlin, but bettered that seven days later with first place in the 200 m with a time of 19.99s, this time pushing Gatlin into second with Bernard Williams taking third. In June Crawford improved on his 100 m personal best when running 9.88s in Eugene, Oregon, to leave him as a real medal contender for the Athens Games.

Shawn Crawford (left) and Walter Dix (right) at the 2008 Olympics 200 m final

At the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Crawford ran the 100 m final in 9.89s, finishing in fourth place just 0.04s behind first place finisher, Justin Gatlin, his friend and training partner. That was the first race in history with four competitors under 9.90s. Crawford went on to win the gold medal in the 200 m in 19.79s. Later, he claimed a silver as part of the US 4 x 100 m relay team.

He qualified for the 2008 Summer Olympics in the 200 m dash, finishing second at the trials after failing to qualify in the 100 m. He originally finished fourth in the 200 m final, but was later promoted to 2nd, winning silver, after fellow countryman Wallace Spearmon and Churandy Martina of the Netherlands Antilles were both disqualified for lane infringements. Originally following the race, Spearmon was disqualified. The United States was ready to file a protest, but first carefully watched video of the race—discovering an additional infraction by Martina. Instead of wasting a protest on Spearmon's behalf, they protested Martina, netting the USA two medalists, Crawford for the silver and Walter Dix the bronze. Crawford gave his medal to Martina on August 28, 2008 in a tremendous show of sportsmanship.[4] On March 6, 2009, the Court of Arbitration for Sport rejected an appeal by the National Olympic Committee of the Netherlands Antilles against Martina's disqualification.[5]

Crawford won the 200 m at the 2009 US Championships, and qualified to represent the United States at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics. He ran 19.89s in the final of the competition, his best of the season. However, he was pipped to the bronze medal by Spearmon, and was some distance behind winner Usain Bolt, who set a new world record of 19.19s.


As of 5 July 2009

On 12 April 2002, Crawford became the first man to break ten seconds for the 100 metres for the first time and twenty seconds for the 200 metres for the first time, both on the same day, a feat he achieved in Pretoria, RSA.

Personal bests

Date Event Venue Time (seconds)
February 28, 2004 60 meters Boston, Massachusetts, United States 6.47
June 19, 2004 100 meters Eugene, Oregon, United States 9.88
August 26, 2004 200 meters Athens, Greece 19.79
June 7, 2009 300 meters Eugene, Oregon, United States 32.47
  • All information from IAAF Profile[6]

Major achievements


  1. ^ Crawford in missed-test ban
  2. ^ Sprinter Shawn Crawford suspended 2 years for ‘whereabouts failures;’ coach says he’s retired
  3. ^ a b "Crawford's the happiest, fastest guy out of the medals in the 100". Retrieved 2007-07-27. 
  4. ^ "Crawford confirms he gave Olympic medal to Martina". AP. Retrieved 2009-02-01. 
  5. ^ Martina's bid to reclaim silver rejected,, March 6, 2009.
  6. ^ "Crawford, Shawn biography".  

External links

  • Shawn Crawford profile at IAAF
  • Shawn Crawford's U.S. Olympic Team bio
  • Video Interview of Shawn Crawford during the 100th Millrose Games
Preceded by
Joshua J. Johnson
Men's 200 m Best Year Performance
alongside Konstadinos Kederis

Succeeded by
Bernard Williams
Preceded by
Bernard Williams
Men's 200 m Best Year Performance
Succeeded by
Wallace Spearmon
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.