World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Short punt formation

Article Id: WHEBN0001252610
Reproduction Date:

Title: Short punt formation  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of American football positions, Two-level defense, Down and out (football), Drag (route), Double coverage
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Short punt formation

Short Punt formation versus a 6-2-3 defense.

The short punt formation is an older formation on both offense and defense in American football, popular when scoring was harder and a good punt was itself an offensive weapon.[1][2] In times when punting on second and third down was fairly common, teams would line up in the short punt formation and offer the triple threat of punt, run or pass.[3][4] Harper's Weekly in 1915 calls it "the most valuable formation known to football."[4] The formation was invented by Amos Alonzo Stagg in 1896.[5]

The formation is similar to the single wing and modern shotgun by including the possibility of a long snap from center. However, it is generally a balanced formation, and there are backs on both sides of the tailback, offering better pass protection. As a result, it was considered a much better passing formation than running, as the premiere running formation was the single wing.[6] That said, it was regarded as a good formation for trap plays[7]

A play showing the short punt on offense and defense, and the qb under center.

The formation was used extensively by Fielding Yost's "point-a-minute" Michigan Wolverines in their early history, and was the base formation for the Benny Friedman led New York Giants in 1931.[1][8][9] In the 1956 NFL Championship, the Chicago Bears shifted into a short punt formation in the third quarter, after falling way behind.[10]

References

  1. ^ a b Retyl, Richard, U-M's Shotgun Offense is Older than the Winged Helmets Themselves. Nov. 9, 2010. MGoBlue.com. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  2. ^ Bible (1947), pp. 111-114
  3. ^ Bible (1947), p. 179
  4. ^ a b https://books.google.com/books?id=GMc4AQAAMAAJ&dq=%22Harper%27s+weekly%22+1901+harvard&q=football#v=snippet&q=football&f=false
  5. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=5pPYAODf6ZAC&pg=PA204&lpg=PA204#v=onepage&q&f=false
  6. ^ http://www.billsbackers.com/proform1.htm
  7. ^ Faurot (1950), pp. 268-270
  8. ^ Faurot (1950), p. 10
  9. ^ Short Punt in Pro Football Formations 1: In the Beginning. Hickock Sports. retrieved June 26, 2013.
  10. ^ Schenkel, Chris, NBC Broadcast, 1956 NFL Championship.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.