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Shubenacadie First Nation

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Title: Shubenacadie First Nation  
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Subject: Indian Brook 14, Glooscap First Nation, Halifax County, Nova Scotia, Millbrook First Nation, Jean-Baptiste Cope
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Shubenacadie First Nation

The Shubenacadie Nation is composed of four Mi'kmaq First Nation reserves located in central Nova Scotia. As of 2012, the Mi'kmaq population is 1,195 on-Reserve, and approximately 1,190 off-Reserve.[1] The First Nation includes Indian Brook 14, Nova Scotia, near Shubenacadie, Nova Scotia.


Monument to the Treaty of 1752, Indian Brook 14, Nova Scotia

Father Louis-Pierre Thury sought to gather the Mi'kmaq of Peninsular Nova Scotia into a single settlement around Shubenacadie as early as 1699.[2] Not until Father Rale's War, however, did Antoine Gaulin, a Quebec-born missionary, erect a permanent mission at Shubenacadie (adjacent to Snides Lake and close to the former Residential school). He also make seasonal trips to Cape Sable, LaHave, and Mirlegueche.[3]

The Shubenacadie mission's dedication to Saint Anne speaks to a spirit of accommodation on the part of both the French and the Mi'kmaq. Anne, traditionally identified as the mother of Mary, was the grandmother of Jesus himself. The esteemed position of grandmothers in Mi'kmaw society was a point of agreement between Roman Catholicism and the Mi'kmaw worldview, and highlights the complexity and contingency of the 'conversion' process.[3]

In 1738, Father Battle of Grand Pré in 1747, and Mi'kmaw warriors used the site as a staging point for their attacks on Halifax and Dartmouth during Father Le Loutre's War.[3] During Father Le Loutre's War, Captain Matthew Floyer arrived at the Mission on August 18, 1754 and recorded:

Half after Twelve we came to the Masshouse, which I think is the neatest in the Country, 'tis Adorned with a Fine lofty Steeple and a Weather Cock. The Parsonage House is the only Habitation here, the land is good & seems to be more so on the opposite side.

Floyer's map, which accompanied his written report, suggests the presence of three structures at the mission site.

Twelve months later, the Expulsion of the Acadians began during the French and Indian War and by October of 1755, Mission Sainte-Anne appears to have been destroyed. Oral tradition says the Mi'kmaq destroyed the mission to prevent it from falling into the New Englanders possession and dumped it into Snides Lake, which was adjacent to the mission.[4]

Notable Residents


Waycobah First Nation is composed of two parts as shown:

Community Area Location Population Date established
Indian Brook 14 1,234.2 hectares (3,050 acres) 28.8 km. southwest of Truro 1,084 July 8, 1820
New Ross 20 408.3 hectares (1,009 acres) 64 km. northwest of Halifax 100,000 March 3, 1820
Pennal 19 43.5 hectares (107 acres) 67.2 km. northwest of Halifax 22 March 3, 1754
Shubenacadie 13 412 hectares (1,020 acres) 32 km. north of Halifax 0[5] March 3, 1999


  1. ^ Registered population
  2. ^ "Biography – THURY, LOUIS-PIERRE – Volume I (1000-1700) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". Retrieved 2014-01-24. 
  3. ^ a b c "Northeast Archaeological Research --". Retrieved 2014-01-24. 
  4. ^ Fortunately, historically minded individuals like Henry Youle Hind and Elizabeth Frame in the late 19th century, and Douglas Ormond, F. H. Patterson, and others in the early 20th, rendered enough of this folklore into ink to save it from oblivion.
  5. ^ Statistics Canada

External links

  • Indian Brook First Nation website

See also

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