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Siaogang District

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Title: Siaogang District  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung Astronomical Museum, National Kaohsiung University of Hospitality and Tourism, Cianjin District, Sinsing District
Collection: Districts of Kaohsiung
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Siaogang District

Siaogang
小港區
District
Xiaogang District [1]
Hongmaogang Cultural Park
Nickname(s): Port Edge
港仔墘 (pinyin: Gǎngzaǐqián)
Coordinates:
Country  Republic of China
Region Southern Taiwan
City Kaohsiung City
Subdivisions
Area
 • Total 45.4426 km2 (17.5455 sq mi)
Population (December 2014)
 • Total 156,171
 • Density 3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Website Official website

Siaogang District (Chinese: 小港區; Hanyu Pinyin: Xiǎogāng Qū; Tongyong Pinyin: Siǎogang Cyu; Wade–Giles: Hsiao3-kang1 Ch'ü1; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Sió-káng-khu) is the southernmost district of Kaohsiung City in southern Taiwan. The second largest airport in Taiwan, Kaohsiung International Airport, is located here.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Economy 3
  • Tourist attractions 4
  • Education 5
    • Elementary Schools 5.1
    • Junior High Schools 5.2
    • Senior High Schools 5.3
    • Universities 5.4
  • Transportation 6
    • Air 6.1
    • Railway 6.2
    • Road 6.3
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

Siaogang was developed during Dutch occupation. The Dutch built Hongmao Harbor as an addition to Anping Harbor in Tainan. After losing the war against Koxinga, the Dutch left Taiwan. Koxinga decided to develop Taiwan as the base to revive the Ming Dynasty and prepare his troops for fighting the Qing Dynasty. He sent one of his men, Wu Yanshang, to expand Siaogang. After Koxinga, his son, and his grandson died, the Qing Dynasty quickly defeated the Ming remnants and annexed Taiwan. In 1895, the Qing Dynasty ceded Taiwan to Japan in the Treaty of Shimonoseki after losing the First Sino-Japanese War, and Siaogang was used to produce sugar for Japanese.

As a heavy industry base in Taiwan during World War II, Siaogang was more heavily bombed by the Allied force than other parts of the city. After the war, Siaogang was administrated as Siaogang Township of Kaohsiung County, a third-level government of the Republic of China, under Taiwan Province. Siaogang was annexed by Kaohsiung City and become Siaogang District on 1 July 1979, when Kaohsiung City became a special municipality.

Geography

Siaogang is located in the southern part of Kaohsiung. It borders Qianzhen District to the north, Daliao Township to the east, Linyuan Township to the south, and the Taiwan Strait to the west.

Economy

As far as the industry of Taiwan is concerned, Siaogang is one of the most important regions for the shipbuilding and steel industries. During the 1970s, the government spent 5 years carrying out Ten Major Construction Projects. Two companies resulting from the projects are based here: China Steel and CSBC Corporation, Taiwan. CPC Corporation, Taiwan also a part of the ten projects, has a major oil refinery facility located here. With the proximity of Kaohsiung Harbor, the products of these companies are exported worldwide. These products are also transported throughout the island via National Highway No. 1 (Taiwan), which terminates on the northern border of the district.

Tourist attractions

Education

Elementary Schools

  • Kaohsiung Municipal Siaogang Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Taipin Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Qingshan Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Pingding Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Fenglin Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Huashan Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Fengyang Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Huashan Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Ganghe Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Mingyi Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Erling Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Guilin Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Hanmin Elementary School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Fengming Elementary School

Junior High Schools

  • Kaohsiung Municipal Siaogang Junior High School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Zhongshan Junior High School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Mingyi Junior High School
  • Kaohsiung Municipal Fenglin Junior High School
  • Kahosiung Municipal Hospitality Junior High School

Senior High Schools

Universities

Transportation

Air

The Kaohsiung International Airport is located within the district

Railway

The district is accessible by Kaohsiung International Airport Station and Siaogang Station of the Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit.

Road

See also

References

  1. ^ "Glossary of Names for Admin Divisions" (PDF). placesearch.moi.gov.tw. Ministry of Interior of the ROC. Retrieved 12 June 2015. 

External links

  • Siaogang District Office, Kaohsiung City
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