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Sihlsee

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Sihlsee

Sihlsee
Map
Location Canton of Schwyz
Coordinates
Type reservoir
Primary inflows Sihl, Minster
Primary outflows Sihl
Basin countries Switzerland
Max. length 8.5 kilometres (5 mi)
Max. width 2.5 kilometres (2 mi)
Surface area 11.3 km²
Max. depth 17 metres (56 ft)
Water volume 96 mio m³
Surface elevation 889 metres (2,917 ft)
Settlements Gross, Willerzell, Birchli, Euthal

The Sihlsee (in English sometimes called Lake Sihl) is an artificial lake in the Swiss canton of Schwyz, near the town of Einsiedeln. The lake was created by damming the Sihl river and flooding a section of the upper Sihl valley.[1]

The lake feeds the Etzelwerk power station, which is located 5 kilometres (3 mi) to the north-east in Altendorf on the upper section of Lake Zürich (the Obersee) and which supplies electricity to the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB). Its concrete dam is 33 metres (108 ft) high and 124 metres (407 ft) m long. The lake is the largest artificial lake of Switzerland in terms of surface with a maximum length of 8.5 kilometres (5 mi) and maximum width of 2.5 kilometres (2 mi). The maximum depth is 17 metres (56 ft), and the lake has an approximate volume of 96,000,000 m3 (3.4×109 cu ft).

The power plant project started in 1932. A concrete dam and two viaducts over the lake were built before 1937 the valley was flooded. Thus 55 farms disappeared completely and 1762 persons had to leave their homes.

A failure of the dam could lead, according to studies, to an 8-metre (26 ft) high flood wave through the lower Sihl Valley reaching the Altstadt of the city of Zürich, the biggest city in Switzerland, within 2 hours. This threat has lead the City of Zürich to develop, publish and test evacuation plans for the affected areas of the city, and especially the area around Zürich Hauptbahnhof railway station.[2]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ map.geo.admin.ch (Map). Swiss Confederation. Retrieved 2015-06-04. 
  2. ^ "Wasseralarm Sihlsee" (PDF) (in German). Stadt Zürich. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • www.sihlsee.ch.vu - Informations about the Sihlsee
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