World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Sirajganj District

Article Id: WHEBN0002271296
Reproduction Date:

Title: Sirajganj District  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sirajganj, Muhammad Mansur Ali, Belkuchi Upazila, Chauhali Upazila, Kamarkhanda Upazila
Collection: Sirajganj District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Sirajganj District

Sirajganj
সিরাজগঞ্জ
District
Nickname(s): Gateway to the North Bengal
Location of Sirajganj in Bangladesh
Location of Sirajganj in Bangladesh
Coordinates:
Country  Bangladesh
Division Rajshahi Division
Area
 • Total 2,497.95 km2 (964.46 sq mi)
  Flood plain and Marsh land
Elevation 7 m (23 ft)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 3,097,489
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total 87%
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Postal code 6700-6760
Website .bd.gov.sirajganjwww

Sirajganj (Bengali: সিরাজগঞ্জ জেলা, Sirajganj Jela also Sirajganj Zila) is a district in Northern Bangladesh. It is a part of the Rajshahi Division.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Timeline 2
  • Location 3
  • Geography 4
  • Administration 5
    • List of Upazillas 5.1
  • History of the War of Liberation In 1971 6
    • Sector in liberation 6.1
    • Fighting and attaining freedom 6.2
    • Marks of the War of Liberation 6.3
  • Population 7
  • Education 8
  • Newspapers and periodicals 9
    • Daily 9.1
    • Weekly 9.2
    • Monthly 9.3
    • Defunct weekly 9.4
    • Defunct fortnightly 9.5
    • Defunct monthly 9.6
  • Folk culture 10
  • Notable people 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

History

In 1762, a severe earthquake changed the flow of the Jamuna river and created a new river named Baral. On the west bank of this Baral river, a new bazaar (gonj in Bengali) emerged and most of the land of this bazaar belonged to Jaminder Siraj Ali. So, after his name gradually this bazaar got its recognition as Sirajgonj. Currently it is famous for its hand-loom cottage industries and more than 50% people here are related with this business

Timeline

  • 1885: Emerged as subdivision
  • 1922: Historic Salanga Movement (1200 killed)
  • 1924: Conference of All India Congress Party
  • 1928: Convention of Bhramma Samaj
  • 1932: Visit of Kazi Nazrul Islam
  • 1940: A. K. Fazlul Huq laid the foundation stone of Sirajgonj Government College
  • 1942: All India Muslim League Conference attended Muhammad Ali Jinnah
  • 1971, December 14: liberated in liberation war
  • 1984: Upgraded to District

Location

Sirajganj District is the gateway to the North Bengal. It is bordered on the north by Bogra District and Natore District ; on the west by Natore District and Pabna District ; on the south by Pabna District and Manikganj District ; on the east Manikganj District, Tangail District and Jamalpur District .

Geography

Sirajganj District of Rajshahi division has an area of about 2497.92 km². The main rivers are Jamuna, Baral, Ichamati, Karatoya and Phuljuri. The annual average temperature reaches a maximum of 34.6 °C, and a minimum of 11.9 °C. The annual rainfall is 1610 mm (63.4 in).

Administration

Sirajganj Sub-division was established in 1885 under Pabna district and it was turned into a district in 1984. Of the nine upazilas of the district Ullahpara is the largest (414.43 sq km) and Kamarkhanda is the smallest (91.61 sq km). Moreover, the district has six municipals, six Parliament seats, 82 unions and 2016 villages.

List of Upazillas

There are nine (9) Upazilas, namely :

History of the War of Liberation In 1971

Sector in liberation

During the Liberation war of Bangladesh, Sirajganj was under sector number seven.

  • Sector 7 which was commanded by Major Nazmul Haque, Subadar Major Abdur Rob and Major Kazi Nuruzzaman ; and it was headquartered at Tarangapur, Balurghat, West Bengal, India.[2]

Fighting and attaining freedom

Palashdanga Juba Shibir (youth camp) was formed at Kalibari of Bhadraghat union under Kamarkhanda upazila. During the WAR OF LIBERATION this Juba Shibir played remarkable role in encounters against the Pak army at different places of Bangladesh. On 20 April, an encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at a place near the Ghatina bridge in Ullahpara upazila in which 15 Pak soldiers were killed; in this encounter 50 freedom fighters and civilians were also wounded. On 23 April, the Pak army conducted mass killing, plundering, violation of women and burning at Ullahpara. On 25 April, the Pak army shot many people dead at Chariashika and Charia Kalibari near Hatikamrul Square of this upazila. A battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army on 11 November at Naogaon of Tarash upazila in which 130 Pak soldiers and razakars were killed. The freedom fighters attacked the Sambhudia Pak military camp of Chauhali upazila on 19 November and captured two firearms. On 27 November, the freedom fighters again attacked the Sambhudia camp causing considerable damages to the camp; in this attack 5 freedom fighters were wounded. Chauhali upazila was liberated on 29 November. In December 1971, a battle was fought between the Pak army and the freedom fighters at village Baraitala of Gandail union under Kazipur upazila in which several freedom fighters lost their lives. The Pak army in collaboration with the local razakars conducted heavy plundering and set many houses of Malipara on fire on 22 June and at Sambhudia in mid August. The freedom fighters attacked the Sambhudia Pak military camp on 19 November and captured two firearms. On 27 November the freedom fighters again attacked the Sambhudia camp causing considerable damages to the camp; in this attack 5 freedom fighters were wounded. Chauhali upazila was liberated on 29 November. On 7 December 1971, a battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army on WAPDA dam of Rajapur union in which the Pak army was defeated and one freedom fighter was killed. Besides, another battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at the north side of the graveyard of Tamai Paschimpara of Bhangabari union in which three Pak soldiers and two freedom fighters were killed. Encounters between the freedom fighters and the Pak army were held at different places of the upazila including at Sailabari, Degree College and on the bank of the river Jamuna. On 14 December, Ullahpara was liberated and with this the capitulation of the whole of Sirajganj district was completed.

Marks of the War of Liberation

Mass graves 2 (Baroitala of Kazipur upazila, Asbaria of Tarash upazila);

Martyr memorial monument 2 (“Durjay Bangla” at Chandidasgati of Sirajganj sadar upazila and Ghatina of Ullahpara upazila).

Population

The population has been measured at 3,215,873, made up of 80% Muslim, 18.5% Hindu and 1.5% other. Males make up 51.14% of the population and females 48.86%.

Education

There are many schools and colleges in the district of Sirajganj - see this institution list.B.L.Govt. High School, Shaleha Ishaque Girls School, Salop High School (estabd. in 1905), Chowbari High School, Adachaki High school" Chandaikona M.L High School, Dhanghara High School, Harina Bagbati High School, Boyra Bhennabari High School and Ghorachara High School are a few among them.The most famous colleges in Sirajganj are 'Sirajganj Govt. University College' and Ullapara Science College. Fuljore Degree College, situated by the side of the approach road of the Jamuna Bridge, Salop College in Ullapara, Kuripara College [2] in the village of Shaheed M. Monsur Ali in Sirajganj Sadar Upozila in recent years are playing an important role to educate the rural peoples of Sirajganj. There is also an English- version school in Sirajganj named Sirajganj Collectorate School and College.

Newspapers and periodicals

Daily

Kalam Saynik, Jamuna Probaha, Jamuna Setu ;

Weekly

Jamuna Barta, Sahasi Janata, Jaha Baliba Satya Balibo, Ase jay ay din, Sundar Barta, Ananda Bhor, Sirajganj Barta, Sirajganj Kantha, Dolanchapa, Ullahpara;

Monthly

Bibartan, Sahitya Darpana ;

Defunct weekly

Samakal, Hitoishi, Samajug, Sirajganj Samachar, Jehad, Krishan, Janapad, Ittefaq, Naya jamana, Juger Dabi, Mousumi, Gana Bangla;

Defunct fortnightly

Mukul , Jamuna (1963);

Defunct monthly

Jamuna, Ashalatai, Nur, Pratinidhi, Tajkir, Palli Pradip (1935) , Sebak, Naya jamana, DesherDas, Pratibha, Shahitya; defunct quarterly: Biggan Bichitra.

Folk culture

Folk songs such as Jari, Sari, Murshidi, Bhatiali, etc are very popular in the district. Folk games and sports prevalent in the district include bow and arrow game, Lathikhela (game played with sticks), boat race, etc.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Kamrul Islam (2012), "Sirajganj District", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal, Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.),  
  2. ^ Sheren, Syeda Momtaz, "War of Liberation, The", Banglapedia, retrieved 25 July 2015 
  3. ^ Haq, Enamul, "Bhasani, Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan", Banglapedia, retrieved 25 July 2015 
  4. ^ Baig, Md. Azom, "Ali, Captain M Mansur", Banglapedia, retrieved 25 July 2015 
  5. ^ Kader, Rozina, "Tarkabagish, Maulana Abdur Rashid", Banglapedia, retrieved 25 July 2015 
  6. ^ S.M. Saidur Rahman. "মহাদেব সাহা - Golden Bangladesh". goldenbangladesh.com. 
  7. ^ "কথা সাহিত্যিক নজিবর রহমান সাহিত্যরত্ন". weeklysonarbangla.net. 
  8. ^ http://chhatrasangbadbd.com/কবি-ইসমাইল-হোসেন-সিরাজী-ত/
  9. ^ Miah, Sajahan, "Sharafuddin, Abdullah Al-Muti", Banglapedia, retrieved 25 July 2015 
  10. ^ "চিরঅন্তরালে সুচিত্রা সেন". bdnews24.com. 
  11. ^ আমিরুল ইসলাম. "সিরাজগঞ্জে মুক্তিযুদ্ধের সংগঠক,সাবেক প্যানেল স্পীকার বীর মুক্তিযোদ্ধা আব্দুল লতিফ মির্জা’র ৫ম মৃত্যুবার্ষিকী পালিত". bijoynews24.com. 
  12. ^ "রাজনীতির বহু প্রত্যক্ষ সাক্ষী বাংলার শ্রেষ্ঠ সন্তান আব্দুল লতিফ মির্জার ম্যুরাল স্তম্ভে শ্রদ্ধা নিবেদন - sirajgonjnews24". sirajgonjnews24. 
  • Bangladesh Population Census 2011.
  • Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
  • Cultural survey report of Sirajganj District 2007:
  • Cultural survey report of Upazilas of Sirajganj District 2007.

External links

  • SIRAJGANJ DISTRICT Facebook Group
  • SIRAJGANJ DISTRICT Facebook Group Page
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.