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Sligo Creek

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Sligo Creek

Sligo Creek
River
The creek running through Silver Spring, Maryland
Country United States
State Maryland
Tributaries
 - left Long Branch
 - right Wheaton Br, Comstock Br, Takoma Park Br
City Silver Spring, Maryland
Source
 - location Kemp Mill, Maryland
 - elevation 450 ft (137 m)
Mouth Northwest Branch
 - location Hyattsville, Maryland
 - elevation 35 ft (11 m)
 - coordinates
Length 9.1 mi (15 km)
Basin 11.6 sq mi (30 km2)
Discharge for Takoma Park
 - average 26 cu ft/s (1 m3/s)
 - max 49 cu ft/s (1 m3/s)
 - min 3.3 cu ft/s (0 m3/s)
Map of the Anacostia River watershed showing Sligo Creek

Sligo Creek is a free-flowing tributary of the Northwest Branch of the Anacostia River in Maryland. (The Anacostia, in turn, feeds into the Potomac River and eventually empties into the Atlantic Ocean via Chesapeake Bay.) The creek is approximately 9.1 miles (14.6 km) long,[1] with a drainage area of about 11.6 square miles (30 km2).

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • See also 3
  • External links 4
  • References 5

Geography

The creek rises in the channelized. Elevations in the subwatershed range from 450 feet (137 m) above sea level to 35 feet (11 m) at the confluence with Northwest Branch; the average gradient for the course of the creek is 0.72%.

Contributing streams that flow into the creek include Wheaton Branch, Comstock Branch, Takoma Park Branch, and Long Branch.

Sligo Creek is one of the most heavily District of Columbia. Less than 15% of the subwatershed is undeveloped, and only 10% is forested. Less than 0.01% of the area is wetlands.[2]

From its source to the confluence with the Northwest Branch, the creek crosses through the communities of Silver Spring, Wheaton, Takoma Park, Carole Highlands, Chillum and Hyattsville. In these towns, the banks of the creek are in many stretches maintained as public parkland, with grassy lawns and playing fields.

The Sligo Creek Trail, a hiker-biker trail, runs along the creek from Wheaton to the confluence, where it connects with the Anacostia Tributary Trail System. An automobile parkway runs along many parts of the creek in Montgomery County.

History

Sligo Creek was named after the crossroads named "Sligo" founded in the mid 19th century by Civil War, Sligo had a toll gate on the 7th Street Pike, an inn and a post office. A half mile from the Sligo crossroads Colesville Road crosses Sligo Creek.

Over the years, Sligo Creek has served many purposes for area residents, including powering grist mills and as a drinking water source. In the Takoma Park section of the creek (near Washington Adventist University), the remains of a dam and associated building foundations for the Sligo Creek Waterworks can still be seen. From 1900 to 1930, the waterworks served the city of Takoma Park, as well as (after its sale in 1919 to the Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission) Silver Spring, Kensington, and Bethesda.

Another dam, located where Flower Avenue crosses Sligo Creek, served Sligo Mill which was located where the current New Hampshire Avenue crosses Sligo Creek. Sligo Mill was built in 1812 by investors that included several members of the prominent Maryland Carroll family. In addition to milling grain for local farmers, Sligo Mill distilled whiskey. The mill was demolished in the 1920s.

Overlooking the dam and millpond for Sligo Mill on the right bank of Sligo Creek, the Glen Sligo Hotel and Wildwood Amusement Park were built in 1900. The hotel and amusement park ceased operations in 1903.[3][4]

Sligo Creek served as the inspiration and title for "Sligo River Blues", a song by Takoma Park guitarist John Fahey, who popularized the area amongst folk artists.[5]

Another prominent folk guitarist, Al Petteway, composed "Sligo Creek" while living in the Takoma Park area. This Scots-influenced guitar tune was later featured as the theme song of The National Parks, a PBS miniseries directed by Ken Burns.

"Sligo Creek" is an Irish traditional reel composed by an American banjo, mandolin, fiddle and guitar player, Danny Noveck, and named after the creek he was living near at the time he composed the melody.[6]

See also

External links

  • Sligo Creek - Watershed Assessment - Montgomery County Department of Environmental Protection

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed August 15, 2011
  2. ^ Anacostia Watershed Restoration Partnership, Washington, DC. "Sligo Creek: Profile." Accessed 2009-08-31.
  3. ^ Friends of Sligo Creek (FOSC), Takoma Park, MD. "Fabulous Glen Sligo Hotel Spices Early Takoma History." Originally published in The Takoma Journal, June 30, 1950.
  4. ^ FOSC. "The Closing of the Wildwood Poolroom at the Glen Sligo Hotel." Articles originally published in The Washington Post, 1903-1904.
  5. ^ FOSC. "John Fahey and the 'Sligo River Blues'." Accessed 2012-05-07.
  6. ^ http://www.ceolas.org/cgi-bin/ht2/ht2-fc2/file=/tunes/fc2/fc.html&style=&refer=&abstract=&ftpstyle=&grab=&linemode=&max=250&isindex=Oregon%20Reel&submit=Search
  • USGS. "Current Conditions for Sligo Creek near Takoma Park, MD." USGS Station ID 01650800. Accessed 2012-05-07.
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