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Slovak parliamentary election, 2010

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Slovak parliamentary election, 2010

Slovak parliamentary election, 2010

12 June 2010

All 150 seats to the Národná rada
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Robert Fico Iveta Radičová Richard Sulík
Party Smer-SD SDKÚ-DS SaS
Last election 50 31 0
Seats won 62 28 22
Seat change +12 –3 +22
Percentage 34.79% 15.42% 12.14%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Ján Figeľ Béla Bugár Ján Slota
Party KDH Most-Híd SNS
Seats won 15 14 9
Seat change +1 +14 –11
Percentage 8.52% 8.12% 5.07%

Prime Minister before election

Robert Fico
Smer-SD

Prime Minister

Iveta Radičová
SDKÚ-DS

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Slovakia

A parliamentary election took place in Slovakia on 12 June 2010.[1] The elections were contested by eighteen parties, six of which passed the 5% threshold for sitting in parliament.[2] Despite the incumbent Smer of Prime Minister Robert Fico winning a plurality, the new government consisted of a coalition led by the Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party's Iveta Radičová and included KDH, SaS and Most-Hid. However, her government fell on 11 October 2011 following a vote of no confidence with a new election called for 10 March 2012.

Background

A total of 2,401 candidates applied to contest the 150 seats.[3]

Polls in February 2010 had indicated that the current governing party Smer-SD (Direction – Social Democracy) would win a plurality with a margin of 25%.[4] However the five opposition right-wing parties – the Slovak Democratic and Christian Union (SDKÚ-DS), the Christian Democratic Movement (KDH), the Party of the Hungarian Coalition (SMK-MKP), Most–Híd, and Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) – could together gain a majority. There were conflicting reports during the campaign as to whether some of these parties would consider joining with Fico.[5] During pre-election campaigning, reports indicated that the "Christian Democrats and the two ethnic Hungarian parties had not ruled out working with Fico."[6][7] Rumours were reported that prime minister Robert Fico might have secretly agreed not to enter a coalition with the Slovak nationalists again, unless he had no other choice.[6] A later poll by of the Czech News Agency suggested that the governing coalition would lose its majority, and that one of Fico's allies (HZDS) would struggle with the 5% barrier.[8]

List of political parties

Below is the list of parties participating in 2010 Slovak parliamentary election

  1. European Democratic Party
  2. Union – Party for Slovakia
  3. Party of the Roma Coalition
  4. Paliho Kapurková, Cheerful Political Party
  5. Freedom and Solidarity
  6. Party of the Democratic Left
  7. Party of the Hungarian Coalition
  8. People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia
  9. Communist Party of Slovakia
  10. Slovak National Party
  11. New Democracy
  12. Union of the Workers of Slovakia
  13. Christian Democratic Movement
  14. People's Party – Our Slovakia
  15. Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party
  16. AZEN – Alliance for Europe of the Nations
  17. Direction – Social Democracy
  18. Most–Híd

Campaign

During the parliamentary elections the SDKÚ-DS ran on a platform of fiscal discipline and pledging to reinvigorate the economy after it suffered a 4.7 percent decrease in growth in 2009.[9]

Opinion Polls

According to polling agency Focus, in May 2010, eight parties would cross the 5% threshold needed for participation in parliament.

Party January 2010 February 2010 March 2010 April 2010 May 2010 June 2010
Direction – Social Democracy 41.4% 38.6% 38.4% 36.8% 35.3% 29.5%
Slovak National Party 6.2% 6.2% 6.3% 8.6% 6.1% 7.7%
People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia 6.5% 5.8% 5.4% 5.4% 5.1% 5%
Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party 15.2% 11.3% 14.3% 13.6% 14% 12.1%
Freedom and Solidarity 5.1% 9.6% 8.6% 11.5% 13.3% 12.4%
Christian Democratic Movement 9.0% 9.6% 9.7% 8.6% 8.3% 9.2%
Most–Híd 5.2% 5.6% 6.9% 5.1% 5.6% 6.5%
Party of the Hungarian Coalition 5.6% 5.1% 5.2% 5.1% 5.9% 5.2%
[10]

According to a poll of the Institute of public affairs (IVO) the voter participation will be about 50 to 60%.[4]

Results

 Summary of the 12 June 2010 Slovak National Council election results
Parties Ideology Votes % Seats ±
Direction – Social Democracy Social democracy 880,111 34.79 62 +12
Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party Conservatism 390,042 15.42 28 −3
Freedom and Solidarity Classical liberalism 307,287 12.14 22 *
Christian Democratic Movement Christian democracy 215,755 8.52 15 +1
Most–Híd Hungarian minority interest 205,538 8.12 14 *
Slovak National Party Slovak nationalism 128,490 5.07 9 −11
Party of the Hungarian Coalition Hungarian minority interest 109,638 4.33 0 −20
People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia National conservatism 109,480 4.32 0 −15
Party of the Democratic Left Democratic socialism 61,137 2.41 0 0
People's Party – Our Slovakia Nationalism 33,724 1.33 0 *
Communist Party of Slovakia Communism 21,104 0.83 0 0
Union – Party for Slovakia Conservatism 17,741 0.70 0 *
Paliho Kapurková, Cheerful Political Party Frivolous political party 14,576 0.57 0 *
European Democratic Party Pro-Europeanism 10,332 0.40 0 *
New Democracy National conservatism 7,962 0.31 0 *
Party of the Roma Coalition Roma minority interest 6,947 0.27 0 *
Union of the Workers of Slovakia Communism 6,196 0.24 0 0
AZEN – Alliance for Europe of the Nations National conservatism 3,325 0.13 0 *
Total (turnout 58.83%) 2,529,385 150
* Did not stand in previous election
Source: Statistics Bureau of Slovakia
Popular Vote
SMER-SD
  
34.80%
SDKÚ-DS
  
15.42%
SaS
  
12.15%
KDH
  
8.53%
Most-Híd
  
8.13%
SNS
  
5.08%
SMK
  
4.33%
HZDS
  
4.33%
SDL'
  
2.42%
L'SNS
  
1.33%
KSS
  
0.83%
Other
  
2.65%

New government

Incumbent Prime Minister Robert Fico's Direction – Social Democracy (Smer) party increased its seat share by 12 to 62. However, Fico faced an uphill battle to remain prime minister, as his coalition partners were decimated. The Slovak National Party barely passed the 5% vote threshold required for parliamentary representation while losing 11 of their 20 seats, while the People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia was shut out of the chamber altogether.[11] Despite the setback, Fico said that he wanted to try to form a cabinet even though his leftist coalition could only command 71 of the 150 parliament seats and would thus force the need for at least one of the opposing centre-right parties.[11] This has been described as an unlikely, but possible, occurrence,[11] because opposition parties stated during the election that they would not enter government with Fico. One analyst said that he "strictly rule[d] out that any of the centre-right parties could team up with Smer."[12]

The Slovakian President, Ivan Gasparovic, asked Fico to attempt to form a government stating that "I believe that the party that won such support from the people deserves the chance."[12]

The second placed Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party had coalition talks with the Christian Democratic Movement, Freedom and Solidarity and Most–Híd.[13] On 16 June it was reported that the four opposition parties which had won seats in the parliament had agreed to form a government under the leadership of Radičová.[14]

An agreement on the distribution of ministries was reached on 28 June 2010.[15] Radičová was then sworn in as PM on 8 July 2010,[16] after her coalition (comprising SDKU, KDH, SaS and Most-Hid[17]) secured a majority of 79 seats in the 150-seat parliament and Fico and his cabinet tendered their resignations.[9] The new government pledged to cut state spending and the budget deficit and to attract more foreign investment, while steering clear of tax rises. "We are ready to take responsibility over the country at a time when it is coping with the impact of a deep economic crisis and the irresponsible decisions of our political predecessors."[18] They have also sought, through Most-Hid, to rebuild links with Hungary that were badly damaged by the adoption of contentious language and citizenship laws.[19]

Fall of government

On 11 October, parliament voted to approve the expansion of the election on 10 March. Immediately after [13 October or 14 October] we will debate proposals related to the EFSF."[22]

External links

  • Slovak Election Data Project
  • NSD: European Election Database – Slovakia publishes regional level election data (NUTS 1–3); allows for comparisons of election results, 1990–2010

References

  1. ^ "Slovakia’s parliamentary elections set for June 12 – The Slovak Spectator". Spectator.sme.sk. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  2. ^ "Voľby do Národnej rady Slovenskej republiky". Volbysr.sk. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  3. ^ "Radio Slovakia International". Rozhlas.sk. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "Radio Slovakia International". Rozhlas.sk. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  5. ^ posten. "Premier fürchtet um Regierungsmehrheit – Slowakei – derStandard.at " International". Derstandard.at. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  6. ^ a b "Corruption rife, but fails to rile Slovak voters – BUSINESS NEW EUROPE". Businessneweurope.eu. 14 April 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  7. ^ "Business finance news – currency market news – online UK currency markets – financial news – Interactive Investor". Iii.co.uk. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  8. ^ posten (22 May 2010). "Regierungskoalition in Umfragen ohne Mehrheit – Slowakei – derStandard.at " International". Derstandard.at. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  9. ^ a b "No Operation". Presstv.ir. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "FOCUS". Focus-research.sk. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  11. ^ a b c "Slovakia's leftist leader wins Pyrrhic victory as right claims majority". Deutsche Welle. 13 June 2010. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  12. ^ a b Bednarikova, Tatiana (13 June 2010). "Slovak president taps leftist premier to form government". Agence France Presse. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  13. ^ "Slovak right wins vote and look set to oust leftist PM". Reuters. 13 June 2010. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ "Coalition parties agree on ministries and SaS presiding over parliament – The Slovak Spectator". Spectator.sme.sk. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  16. ^ "AFP: Slovak president appoints liberal Radicova as PM". Google. 8 July 2010. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  17. ^ "Slovak right backs Radičová to lead cabinet". EurActiv. 16 June 2010. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  18. ^ "Sociologist Iveta Radicova becomes Slovakia's first female prime minister". Istockanalyst.com. 8 July 2010. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  19. ^ "Fri, Jul 9, 2010 – Sociologist Iveta Radicova becomes Slovakia's first female prime minister". The Irish Times. 7 July 2010. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  20. ^ Rob Cameron (11 October 2011). "BBC News – Slovakia votes down eurozone bailout expansion plans". BBC. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  21. ^ "Slovak lawmakers reject eurozone's revamped EFSF rescue fund". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  22. ^ "Slovak rivals reach deal to back EU bailout fund". BBC News. 12 October 2011. 
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