World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Socialist Party (Italy, 1996)

Article Id: WHEBN0010343602
Reproduction Date:

Title: Socialist Party (Italy, 1996)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Socialist League (Italy), Reformist Socialist Party, Italian Socialists, Fabrizio Cicchitto, National Vanguard (Italy)
Collection: Defunct Political Parties in Italy, Political Parties in Italy, Socialist Parties in Italy
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Socialist Party (Italy, 1996)

Socialist Party
Partito Socialista
Secretary Ugo Intini (1996-1998)
Gianni De Michelis (1998-2001)
Coordinator Fabrizio Cicchitto
Founded 24 February 1996
Dissolved 20 January 2001
Merged into New Italian Socialist Party
Headquarters Via di Torre Argentina, 47
00186 Rome
Membership  (1996) 46,000[1]
Ideology Social democracy
National affiliation Pole for Freedoms (1999–2001)
Politics of Italy
Political parties
Elections

The Socialist Party (Italian: Partito Socialista, PS) was a tiny social-democratic party in Italy.

It was founded in 1996 by a group of former members of the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), who had been close allies of Bettino Craxi, leader of the PSI from 1976 to 1992. They included Ugo Intini, Enrico Manca, Gianni De Michelis, Fabrizio Cicchitto, Margherita Boniver, Donato Robilotta and Bettino's son, Bobo.[2][3] Some of them had been active in the Reformist Socialist Party (PSR) from 1994 to 1996.[4] At the 1996 general election the PS, through the "Socialists for Freedom" list, won 0.5% for the Chamber of Deputies and, with a symbol styled after the one of the PSI, 0.9% for the Senate (2.8% in Campania, 3.3% in Calabria and 1.5% in Sicily).[5]

In 1997 Intini was replaced as secretary by De Michelis, who represented the right-wing of the party and wanted to form an alliance with Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia (FI).[6][7] This eventually led in 1998 of a split: Intini and his followers joined the Italian Socialists (SI) and other former Socialists in forming the Italian Democratic Socialists (SDI).[8] Bobo Craxi, along with his Socialist League (LS), another spin-off of the PS, joined the SDI for the 1999 European Parliament election too. Following that election, Cicchitto and Boniver joined FI, which had become the main home of former Socialists, instead.[9]

In the end, PS merged with the Socialist League and other splinter groups from the SDI to form the New Italian Socialist Party. De Michelis was elected secretary of the new party upon its foundation, which was viewed by many as the direct continuation of the PS, which joined the House of Freedoms coalition.

The party was particularly strong in Sicily, where its regional section, the Sicilian Socialist Party (PSS), was led by Filippo Fiorino. In the 1996 Sicilian regional election the party gained 1.9% of the vote[10] and three regional deputies: Salvatore Cintola (who soon left the party for the United Christian Democrats, CDU), Giovanni Ricevuto and Nunzio Calanna.[11] At the 1999 European Parliament election the PS won 1.5% of the vote in Sicily.[12]

Leadership

References

  1. ^ "I ventiseimila nuovi socialisti domani riuniti a congresso". Corriere della Sera. November 29, 1996. 
  2. ^ "Intini e Manca fanno rinascere il Psi". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  3. ^ "Gli irriducibili del Psi: in alto i garofani". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  4. ^ "Informazioni". Mephisto.altervista.org. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  5. ^ "::: Ministero dell'Interno ::: Archivio Storico delle Elezioni - Camera del 27 Marzo 1994". Elezionistorico.interno.it. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  6. ^ "Socialisti, De Michelis defenestra Intini". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  7. ^ "" Sto con Silvio nella battaglia sulla giustizia "". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  8. ^ "Socialisti, incontri in albergo sognando una casa comune". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  9. ^ http://newrassegna.camera.it/chiosco_new/pagweb/immagineFrame.asp?comeFrom=search¤tArticle=18KVA
  10. ^ http://www.cattaneo.org/archivi/adele/regioni/speciale.xls
  11. ^ (Italian) http://www.ars.sicilia.it/deputati/gruppo.jsp?idGruppo=160
  12. ^ "::: Ministero dell'Interno ::: Archivio Storico delle Elezioni - Europee del 13 Giugno 1999". Elezionistorico.interno.it. Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.