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Solar eclipse of December 14, 2020

 

Solar eclipse of December 14, 2020

Solar eclipse of December 14, 2020
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma -0.2939
Magnitude 1.0254
Maximum eclipse
Duration 2m 10s
Coordinates 40.3S 67.9W
Max. width of band 90 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 16:14:39
References
Saros 142 (23 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9554

A total solar eclipse will occur on December 14, 2020. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

Contents

  • Images 1
  • Related eclipses 2
    • Solar eclipses of 2018-2021 2.1
    • Saros 142 2.2
    • Metonic cycle 2.3
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Images


Animated path

Related eclipses

Solar eclipses of 2018-2021

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Note: Partial solar eclipses on February 15, 2018, and August 11, 2018, occur on the previous lunar year eclipse set.

Solar eclipse series sets from 2018–2021
Ascending node   Descending node
117 July 13, 2018

Partial
122 January 6, 2019

Partial
127 July 2, 2019

Total
132 December 26, 2019

Annular
137 June 21, 2020

Annular
142 December 14, 2020

Total
147 June 10, 2021

Annular
152 December 4, 2021

Total

Saros 142

It is a part of Saros cycle 142, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 72 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on April 17, 1624. It contains one hybrid eclipse on July 14, 1768, and total eclipses from July 25, 1786 through October 29, 2543. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on June 5, 2904. The longest duration of totality will be 6 minutes, 34 seconds on May 28, 2291.[1]

Series members 17-27 occur between 1901 and 2100:
17 18 19

October 10, 1912

October 21, 1930

November 1, 1948
20 21 22

November 12, 1966

November 22, 1984

December 4, 2002
23 24 25

December 14, 2020

December 26, 2038

January 5, 2057
26 27

January 16, 2075

January 27, 2093

Metonic cycle

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

Notes

  1. ^ http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEsaros/SEsaros142.html

References

  • Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
    • Google interactive map
    • Besselian elements
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