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Solar eclipse of December 25, 1954

 

Solar eclipse of December 25, 1954

Solar eclipse of December 25, 1954
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Annular
Gamma -0.2576
Magnitude 0.9323
Maximum eclipse
Duration 7m 39s
Coordinates 38.4S 68.2E
Max. width of band 262 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 7:36:42
References
Saros 131 (47 of 70)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9409

An annular solar eclipse occurred on December 25, 1954. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide.

Contents

  • Related eclipses 1
    • Solar eclipses of 1953-1956 1.1
    • Saros 131 1.2
    • Metonic series 1.3
  • References 2
  • References 3

Related eclipses

Solar eclipses of 1953-1956

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Note: Partial solar eclipse of February 14, 1953 and August 9, 1953 belong to the last lunar year set.

Solar eclipse series sets from 1953–1956
Ascending node   Descending node
Saros Map Saros Map
116
July 11, 1953
Partial
121
January 5, 1954
Annular
126
June 30, 1954
Total
131
December 25, 1954
Annular
136
June 20, 1955
Total
141
December 14, 1955
Annular
146
June 8, 1956
Total
151
December 2, 1956
Partial

Saros 131

It is a part of Saros cycle 131, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 70 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on August 1, 1125. It contains total eclipses from March 27, 1522 through May 30, 1612 and hybrid eclipses from June 10, 1630 through July 24, 1702, and annular eclipses from August 4, 1720 through June 18, 2243. The series ends at member 70 as a partial eclipse on September 2, 2369. The longest duration of totality was only 58 seconds on May 30, 1612.[1]

Series members 46-56 occur between 1901 and 2100:
46 47 48

December 3, 1918

December 13, 1936

December 25, 1954
49 50 51

January 4, 1973

January 15, 1991

January 26, 2009
52 53 54

February 6, 2027

February 16, 2045

February 28, 2063
55 56

March 10, 2081

March 21, 2099

Metonic series

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

This series has 21 eclipse events between July 31, 1924 and July 31, 2000.

July 31-Aug 1 May 19-20 March 7 December 24-25 October 12
115 117 119 121 123

July 31, 1924

May 19, 1928

March 7, 1932

December 25, 1935

October 12, 1939
125 127 129 131 133

August 1, 1943

May 20, 1947

March 7, 1951

December 25, 1954

October 12, 1958
135 137 139 141 143

July 31, 1962

May 20, 1966

March 7, 1970

December 24, 1973

October 12, 1977
145 147 149 151 153

July 31, 1981

May 19, 1985

March 7, 1989

December 24, 1992

October 12, 1996
155

July 31, 2000

References

  1. ^ http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEsaros/SEsaros131.html

References

  • Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
    • Google interactive map
    • Besselian elements


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