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Solar eclipse of February 16, 1980

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Title: Solar eclipse of February 16, 1980  
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Solar eclipse of February 16, 1980

Solar eclipse of February 16, 1980
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.2224
Magnitude 1.0434
Maximum eclipse
Duration 4m 8s
Coordinates 0.1S 47.1E
Max. width of band 149 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 8:54:01
References
Saros 130 (50 of 73)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9464

A total solar eclipse occurred on February 16, 1980. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

The path of totality crossed central Africa, southern India, and into China at sunset.

Related eclipses

Solar eclipses of 1979-1982

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.
Solar eclipse series sets from 1979 to 1982
Ascending node   Descending node
Saros Map Saros Map
120
February 26, 1979
Total
125
August 22, 1979
Annular
130
February 16, 1980
Total
135
August 10, 1980
Annular
140
February 4, 1981
Annular
145
July 31, 1981
Total
150
January 25, 1982
Partial
155
July 20, 1982
Partial
Partial solar eclipses on June 21, 1982 and December 15, 1982 occur in the next lunar year eclipse set.

Saros 130

It is a part of Saros cycle 130, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on August 20, 1096. It contains total eclipses from April 5, 1475 through July 18, 2232. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on October 25, 2394. The longest duration of totality was 6 minutes, 37 seconds on June 30, 1601.[1]

Series members 46-56 occur between 1901 and 2100:
46 47 48

January 3, 1908

January 14, 1926

January 25, 1944
49 50 51

February 5, 1962

February 16, 1980

February 26, 1998
52 53 54

March 9, 2016

March 20, 2034

March 30, 2052
55 56

April 11, 2070

April 21, 2088

Metonic series

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

This series has 21 eclipse events between July 11, 1953 and July 11, 2029.

Notes

  1. ^ http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEsaros/SEsaros130.html

References

  • Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
    • Google interactive map
    • Besselian elements
  • Foto Solar eclipse of February 16, 1980
  • Prof. Druckmüller's eclipse photography site, Solar eclipse of February 16, 1980
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