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Solar eclipse of July 28, 1851

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Title: Solar eclipse of July 28, 1851  
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Subject: Solar Saros 143, List of solar eclipses in the 19th century, Solar Saros 110, Solar Saros 159, Solar Saros 160
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Solar eclipse of July 28, 1851

Solar eclipse of July 28, 1851
Berkowski made this first solar eclipse photograph at the Royal Observatory in Königsberg, Prussia (now Kalinigrad, Russia)
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.7644
Magnitude 1.0577
Maximum eclipse
Duration 3m 41s
Coordinates 68N 19.6W
Max. width of band 296 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 14:33:42
Saros 143 (14 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9167

A total solar eclipse occurred on July 28, 1851. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.


The first correctly exposed photograph of the solar corona was made during the total phase of the solar eclipse of 28 July 1851 by a local daguerreotypist named Berkowski at the Royal Observatory in Königsberg, Prussia (now Kalinigrad in Russia). Berkowski, whose first name was never published, observed at the Royal Observatory. A small 6 cm refracting telescope was attached to the 15.8 cm Fraunhofer heliometer and an 84-second exposure was taken shortly after the beginning of totality.[1]

United Kingdom astronomers, Robert Grant and William Swan, and Austrian astronomer Karl Ludwig von Littrow observed this eclipse and determined that prominences are part of the Sun because the Moon is seen to cover and uncover them as it moves in front of the Sun.[2]

Related eclipses

It is a part of solar Saros 143.


  1. ^
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External links

  • NASA chart graphics
    • Googlemap
    • NASA Besselian elements
  • Entwicklung der Sonnenforschung
  • On the Berkowski Daguerreotype (Konigsberg, 1851 July 28): The First Correctly Exposed Eclipse Photograph of the Solar Corona
  • From eclipse drawings to the coronagraph and spectroscopy
  • History of Astrophotography Timeline
  • Sketch of Solar Corona 1851 July 28
  • Solar eclipse of July 28, 1851 in Russia
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