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Solar eclipse of June 30, 1954

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Title: Solar eclipse of June 30, 1954  
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Subject: Solar Saros 126, Solar eclipse of July 11, 1953, Solar eclipse of December 2, 1956, Solar eclipse of June 21, 2039, Solar eclipse of January 5, 1954
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Solar eclipse of June 30, 1954

Solar eclipse of June 30, 1954
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.6135
Magnitude 1.0357
Maximum eclipse
Duration 2m 35s
Coordinates 60.5N 4.2E
Max. width of band 153 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 12:32:38
References
Saros 126 (44 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9408

A total solar eclipse occurred on June 30, 1954. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

Totality began at sunrise over the United States over Nebraska, South Dakota, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, and crossed into Canada, across southern Greenland, Iceland and Faroe Islands, then into Europe, across Sweden, Norway, and eastern Europe. It ended before sunset over Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and ending in northwestern India.

Related eclipses

Solar eclipses of 1953-1956

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Note: Partial solar eclipse of February 14, 1953 and August 9, 1953 belong to the last lunar year set.

Solar eclipse series sets from 1953–1956
Ascending node   Descending node
Saros Map Saros Map
116
July 11, 1953
Partial
121
January 5, 1954
Annular
126
June 30, 1954
Total
131
December 25, 1954
Annular
136
June 20, 1955
Total
141
December 14, 1955
Annular
146
June 8, 1956
Total
151
December 2, 1956
Partial

Saros 126

It is a part of Saros cycle 126, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on March 10, 1179. It contains annular eclipses from June 4, 1323 through April 4, 1810 and hybrid eclipses from April 14, 1828 through May 6, 1864. It contains total eclipses from May 17, 1882 through August 23, 2044. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on May 3, 2459. The longest duration of central eclipse (annular or total) was 5 minutes, 46 seconds of annularity on November 22, 1593. The longest duration of totality was 2 minutes, 36 seconds on July 10, 1972.[1]

Series members 39-49 occur between 1901 and 2100:
39 40 41

June 8, 1918

June 19, 1936

June 30, 1954
42 43 44

July 10, 1972

July 22, 1990

August 1, 2008
45 46 47

August 12, 2026

August 23, 2044

September 3, 2062
48 49

September 13, 2080

September 25, 2098

Metonic series

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

This series has 22 eclipse events between September 12, 1931 and July 1, 2011.

September 11-12 June 30-July 1 April 18-19 February 4-5 November 22-23
114 116 118 120 122

September 12, 1931

June 30, 1935

April 19, 1939

February 4, 1943

November 23, 1946
124 126 128 130 132

September 12, 1950

June 30, 1954

April 19, 1958

February 5, 1962

November 23, 1965
134 136 138 140 142

September 11, 1969

June 30, 1973

April 18, 1977

February 4, 1981

November 22, 1984
144 146 148 150 152

September 11, 1988

June 30, 1992

April 17, 1996

February 5, 2000

November 23, 2003
154 156

September 11, 2007

July 1, 2011

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Solar_Saros_series_126, accessed October 2010

References

  • Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
    • Google interactive map
    • Besselian elements
  • Foto from Russia
  • Solar eclipse of June 30, 1954 in Russia
  • Foto of Solar eclipse
  • BBC: 1954: Three continents see eclipse of sun (Article and video)
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