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Solar eclipse of March 9, 2016

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Solar eclipse of March 9, 2016

Solar eclipse of March 9, 2016
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.2609
Magnitude 1.045
Maximum eclipse
Duration 4m 9s
Coordinates 10.1N 148.8E
Max. width of band 155 km
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 1:58:19
References
Saros 130 (52 of 73)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9543

A total solar eclipse will take place on March 9, 2016. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, while a partial solar eclipse will be visible over a region thousands of kilometres wide.

It will have a magnitude of 1.0450 that will be visible across an area of Pacific Ocean, beginning at Indonesia, and ending at northern Pacific Ocean.[1]

If viewed from east of the international date line, for instance from Hawaii, the eclipse will take place on March 8, (local time). Unfortunately, the Indonesian region is prone to a 60-70% likelihood of cloud cover in March; prospects are slightly better eastward, in the relevant Pacific Islands.[2]

Images

Related eclipses

Solar eclipses 2015-2018

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.
Solar eclipse series sets from 2015–2018
Descending node   Ascending node
120 March 20, 2015

Total
125 September 13, 2015

Partial
130 March 9, 2016

Total
135 September 1, 2016

Annular
140 February 26, 2017

Annular
145 August 21, 2017

Total
150 February 15, 2018

Partial
155 August 11, 2018

Partial
Partial solar eclipses on July 13, 2018, and January 6, 2019, occur on the next lunar year eclipse set.

Saros 130

It is a part of Saros cycle 130, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on August 20, 1096. It contains total eclipses from April 5, 1475 through July 18, 2232. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on October 25, 2394. The longest duration of totality was 6 minutes, 37 seconds on June 30, 1601.[3]

Series members 46-56 occur between 1901 and 2100:
46 47 48

January 3, 1908

January 14, 1926

January 25, 1944
49 50 51

February 5, 1962

February 16, 1980

February 26, 1998
52 53 54

March 9, 2016

March 20, 2034

March 30, 2052
55 56

April 11, 2070

April 21, 2088

Metonic series

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

This series has 21 eclipse events between May 21, 1993 and May 20, 2069.

May 20-21 March 9 December 25-26 October 13-14 August 1-2
118 120 122 124 126

May 21, 1993

March 9, 1997

December 25, 2000

October 14, 2004

August 1, 2008
128 130 132 134 136

May 20, 2012

March 9, 2016

December 26, 2019

October 14, 2023

August 2, 2027
138 140 142 144 146

May 21, 2031

March 9, 2035

December 26, 2038

October 14, 2042

August 2, 2046
148 150 152 154 156

May 20, 2050

March 9, 2054

December 26, 2057

October 13, 2061

August 2, 2065
158

May 20, 2069

Notes

  1. ^ Espenak, Fred. "Google Maps and Solar Eclipse Paths: 2001 - 2020". Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA's GSFC.  
  2. ^ http://home.cc.umanitoba.ca/~jander/tot2016/tot2016.htm
  3. ^ http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEsaros/SEsaros130.html

References

  • Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC
    • Google interactive map
    • Besselian elements
  • hermit.org: Total Solar Eclipse: March 9 2016
  • Interactive map of the eclipse with local circumstances and diagram
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