World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Solomon H. Snyder

Solomon H. Snyder
Born December 26, 1938
Washington D.C
Education Georgetown University



Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research

National Medal of Science

Solomon Halbert Snyder (born December 26, 1938) is an American Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Many advances in molecular neuroscience have stemmed from Dr. Snyder's identification of receptors for neurotransmitters and drugs and elucidation of the actions of psychotropic agents.[1] He is most famously known for his research on the opioid receptor, for which he received the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research.


  • Biography 1
    • Personal life 1.1
    • Education and Early Career 1.2
    • Life as a Mentor and Teacher 1.3
      • Working with Candace Pert 1.3.1
        • Controversy
    • Later career 1.4
  • Awards 2
  • Further reading 3
  • References 4


Personal life

Solomon Snyder was born on December 26, 1938 in Washington D.C. He was one of five children.

Today, Snyder and his wife Elaine, who have two grown daughters and three grandchildren, live in Baltimore, Maryland.

Education and Early Career

Snyder attended medical residency at the Kaiser Hospital in San Francisco, he served as a research associate from 1963 to 1965 at the NIH, where he studied under Julius Axelrod. Snyder moved to the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine to complete his residency in psychiatry from 1965 to 1968. He was appointed to the faculty there in 1966 as Assistant

Professor of Pharmacology. In 1968 he was promoted to Associate Professor of Pharmacology and Psychiatry and in 1970 to Full Professor in both departments.

His laboratory is noted for the use of receptor binding studies to characterize the actions of neurotransmitters and psychoactive drugs.

He is also known for his work identifying receptors for the major neurotransmitters in the brain, in the process explaining the actions of psychoactive drugs, such as the blockade of dopamine receptors by antipsychotic medications. He has described novel neurotransmitters such as the gases nitric oxide and carbon monoxide and the D-isomers of amino acids, notably D-serine.

Life as a Mentor and Teacher

Solomon H. Snyder is highly respected as a teacher and mentor in his medical field. He is noted for taking genuine interest in his students and their opinions. He is very generous and genuine to his students. Not only is he a quality teacher, he makes learning interesting. Snyder does not always go about research in the most conventional ways, but instead focuses on thinking creatively, clearly and simply when conducting experiments. He is very much an "idea man".

Working with Candace Pert

Candace Pert was one of Snyder's most promising students, working together for a productive five years. Their most notable collaboration was their research on the opioid receptor. In 1978 Snyder shared the Lasker Award in Basic Biomedical Research for research on opioid receptors..


Pert felt that she had been denied credit for her own work when she was not included as a Lasker Award recipient alongside Snyder. In response, she did something out of the ordinary, writing a letter to the head of the Lasker Foundation. Her letter caused a sensation in the field. Some saw her exclusion as an example of the burdens and barriers women face in science careers.

Later career

Presently he is University Distinguished Service Professor of Neuroscience, Pharmacology, and Psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. In 1980, he founded the Department of Neuroscience, and served as its first director from 1980 to 2006. In 2006, the department was renamed as The Solomon H. Snyder Department of Neuroscience in his honor.

In 1980, he served as the President of the Society for Neuroscience. He is also Associate Editor, PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America). He helped start the companies Nova Pharmaceuticals and Guilford Pharmaceuticals and has been an active philanthropist.

He is listed by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) as one of the 10 most-often cited biologists and he also has the highest h-index of any living biologist.

Dr. Snyder is also the of Director of Drug Discovery at the Lieber Institute for Brain Development [2] in Baltimore, MD.


Further reading

  • Johns Hopkins page
  • Lieber Institute for Brain Development
  • Biography of Solomon Snyder from the NIH Foundation[1]
  • Biography of Solomon Snyder from The National Academies
  • Money for Brains[3]
  • Solomon H. Snyder[4]
  • Science and Psychiatry: Groundbreaking Discoveries in Molecular Neuroscience[5]
  • Apprentice to Genius[6]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Solomon H. Snyder, M.D., Vice Chairman for Science". Retrieved February 25, 2015. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b Holden, Constance (1991). Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. p. 1485. 
  4. ^ "". Retrieved 2015-04-29. 
  5. ^ Snyder, Solomon. Science and Psychiatry: Groundbreaking Discoveries in Molecular Neuroscience. 
  6. ^ Kanigel, Robert. Apprentice to Genius. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.