World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Somerset County, Pennsylvania

Somerset County, Pennsylvania
Somerset County Courthouse
Seal of Somerset County, Pennsylvania
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Somerset County
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
Founded April 17, 1795
Named for Somerset
Seat Somerset
Largest borough Somerset
 • Total 1,081 sq mi (2,800 km2)
 • Land 1,074 sq mi (2,782 km2)
 • Water 6.6 sq mi (17 km2), 0.6%
 • (2010) 77,742
 • Density 72/sq mi (28/km²)
Congressional districts 9th, 12th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Somerset County Courthouse

Somerset County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,742.[1] Its county seat is Somerset.[2] The county was created on April 17, 1795, from part of Bedford County and named after Somerset, United Kingdom.

Somerset County comprises the Somerset, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Johnstown-Somerset, PA Combined Statistical Area.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
    • Major highways 2.2
    • Adjacent counties 2.3
    • National protected area 2.4
    • State protected areas 2.5
  • Geology 3
  • Demographics 4
  • Micropolitan Statistical Area 5
  • Government and politics 6
    • County Commissioners 6.1
    • Other county offices 6.2
    • State Representatives 6.3
    • State Senator 6.4
    • US Representative 6.5
    • Pennsylvania State Police 6.6
  • Education 7
    • Public school districts 7.1
  • Culture 8
  • Communities 9
    • Boroughs 9.1
    • Townships 9.2
    • Census-designated places 9.3
    • Unincorporated communities 9.4
  • Notable people 10
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13


Somerset County gained worldwide attention in 2001 when a hijacked airliner, United Airlines Flight 93, crashed in Stonycreek Township, near the town of Shanksville as part of the September 11 Terrorist Attacks. The most likely target of this flight was the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C. The terrorists' plans for this plane were thwarted by the actions of the passengers and crew. Their bravery is honored and the crash site, which is the final resting place of the passengers and crew, is now protected as part of the Flight 93 National Memorial, under the care of the National Park System. See also USS Somerset, a U.S. Navy warship which was named in commemoration of the Flight 93 tragedy.

In July 2002, Somerset County again made worldwide news when nine coal miners were rescued from several hundred feet underground at the Quecreek mine after an intense multi-day struggle.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,081 square miles (2,800 km2), of which 1,074 square miles (2,780 km2) is land and 6.6 square miles (17 km2) (0.6%) is water.[3] Somerset County is one of the far southern counties of Pennsylvania, along its straight southern edge. The county borders Garrett and Allegany Counties in Maryland, and the Pennsylvania counties of Fayette, Westmoreland, Cambria, and Bedford.


Somerset County along with Garrett County is one of the snowiest inhabited locations in the United States, with the highest elevations of the county averaging 150+ inches of snow each winter. The county's elevation and general proximity to both the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean causes snow from both Nor'easters and lake effect upslope snow events to fall from late October through early April. Snow has been recorded in Somerset County in every month except July, although local lore has it that even July saw snow in 1816, "the year without a summer." Mount Davis, the highest natural point in the state of Pennsylvania at 3,213 feet (979 m), is located in the southern part of the County.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

State protected areas


Somerset County is situated along the eastern border of the Allegheny Plateau physiographic province, which is characterized by gently folded to flat-lying sedimentary rocks of middle to late Paleozoic age. The eastern border of the county is approximately at the Allegheny Front, a geological boundary between the Allegheny Plateau and the Ridge and Valley Province (characterized by folded and faulted sedimentary rocks of early to middle Paleozoic age).[4]

The stratigraphic record of sedimentary rocks within the county spans from the Devonian Scherr Formation to the Pennsylvanian Monongahela Formation. Most of these rocks are clastics (conglomerate, sandstone, shale), and there is little or no limestone exposed at the surface. No igneous or metamorphic rocks of any kind exist within the county.

Anticlines include the Laurel Hill Anticline, Centerville Dome, Boswell Dome, Negro Mountain Anticline, and an unnamed anticline between the Berlin and Wellersburg Synclines.

The primary mountains within the county are (from west to east) Laurel Hill (which forms part of the western border), Negro Mountain, Meadow Mountain, Savage Mountain, and Allegheny Mountain. Negro Mountain also includes Mount Davis, the highest peak in Pennsylvania. Each mountain trends northeast.

All of Somerset County lies far to the south of the glacial boundary, and thus it was never glaciated.[5] However, during the Pleistocene epoch (the Ice Age), periglacial processes dominated. Most of the county was most likely a tundra during the Pleistocene. Patterned ground typical of tundra is still visible at Mount Davis, although it is somewhat obscured by vegetation.

The main drainages in southwestern Somerset county are the Casselman River and Laurel Hill Creek which flow into the Youghiogheny River along the southwest border. In the northwest, Stonycreek River, Shade Creek, and Quemahoning Creek (which flows into the Quemahoning Reservoir) are tributaries of the Conemaugh River. All these drainages are part of the Mississippi River Watershed. In the southeast, Wills Creek flows east into Bedford County and then into Maryland where it joins the Potomac River. Also, the headwaters of the Raystown Branch of the Juniata River are to the east of the town of Somerset. Both the Potomac and Juniata rivers are part of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed.

  • Pennsylvania Maple Festival, Meyersdale, March
  • Farmers and Threshermens Jubilee, Rockwood, September
  • Springs Folk Festival, Springs, October
Community Festivals
  • Somerset County government
  • Somerset County Chamber of Commerce
  • Somerset County Federated Library System
  • Somerset Historical Center
  • Laurel Highlands Visitors Bureau
  • Laurel Arts/Philip Dressler Center for the Arts

External links

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2015. 
  4. ^ PA Geological Survey Map 13
  5. ^ PA Geological Survey Map 59
  6. ^ PA Geological Survey Map 7
  7. ^ [4]
  8. ^ PA Geological Survey Map 10
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 10, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 10, 2015. 
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 10, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 10, 2015. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ "MILLER, Howard Shultz, (1879 - 1970)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 


See also

Notable people

Unincorporated communities

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

Census-designated places



Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following boroughs and townships are located in Somerset County:

Map of Somerset County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).


The Rockwood Opera House is located in Rockwood, Pennsylvania. The building is a historic landmark restored to reflect original design from 1890. Since reopening, Rockwood Opera House has hosted dinner theater since 2000. Productions vary from Tribute Artists of classic performers to community theater.

Laurel Arts is one of the few, full-service arts centers in rural Pennsylvania. Centered in Somerset borough, it serves all of Somerset County through two locations: one at the Philip Dressler Center for the Arts, and the second, an Education and Dance Center located in the Georgian Place. Founded in 1976, Laurel Arts is a 501(c)(3) that offers art classes, music lessons and dance classes, as well as hosting exhibits by local and regional artists throughout the year.

The Mountain Playhouse in Jennerstown, Pennsylvania, was one of the nation's first "summer-stock" theaters. The Mountain Playhouse has maintained a full schedule of live theater productions nightly from May through October each year for the last sixty years.


Map of Somerset County, Pennsylvania School Districts

Public school districts


  • Station Commander, Sergeant Stephen Adamczyk

Pennsylvania State Police

US Representative

State Senator

State Representatives

  • Clerk of Courts, Rose Svonavec, Republican
  • District Attorney, Lisa Lazzari-Strasiser, Democrat
  • Prothonotary, Angie Svonovec, Democrat
  • Recorder of Deeds, Patricia Peiffer, Republican
  • Register of Wills, Sharon Ackerman, Republican
  • Sheriff, John Mankey, Democrat
  • Treasurer, Donna Schmitt, Democrat
  • Auditors - Jerry Lyons(R), Annette Isgan(R), John Steele(D)

Other county offices

  • John Vatavuk, Democrat, Chair
  • Joe Betta, Republican, Vice Chair
  • Pamela Tokar-Ickes, Democrat, Secretary

County Commissioners

As of November 2010, there are 53,527 registered voters in Somerset County [3].

Government and politics

The United States Office of Management and Budget[15] has designated Somerset County as the Somerset, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area (µSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census[16] the micropolitan area ranked 7th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 77th most populous in the United States with a population of 77,742. Somerset County is also a part of the Johnstown-Somerset, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the population of both Somerset County and the Cambria County areas. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 10th in the State of Pennsylvania and 130th most populous in the United States with a population of 221,421.

Map of the Johnstown-Somerset, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), composed of the following parts:

Micropolitan Statistical Area

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males.

There were 31,222 households out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.40% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.95.

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 80,023 people, 31,222 households, and 22,042 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 37,163 housing units at an average density of 35 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.39% White, 1.59% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. 0.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.5% were of German, 10.4% American, 7.4% Italian, 6.4% Irish, 6.4% Polish and 5.8% English ancestry according to Census 2000.


There are many small, deep natural gas fields in the northwestern part of the county.[8]

There are many abandoned mines in the county, and acid mine drainage is an environmental problem in many areas. Fishless streams exist as a result of the discharge from the abandoned mines. These include parts of the Casselman River, Shade Creek, Stonycreek River, and Quemahoning Creek, as well as many of their tributaries.[7]


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.