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South East Essex (UK Parliament constituency)

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South East Essex (UK Parliament constituency)

South East Essex
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
19551983
Number of members one
Replaced by Castle Point and Rochford
18851950
Number of members one
Replaced by Billericay
Created from South Essex

South East Essex (in its first incarnation formally the South Eastern division of Essex) was a parliamentary constituency in Essex in the East of England. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The constituency was created for the 1885 general election, and abolished for the 1950 general election.

The constituency was re-established for the 1955 general election, and abolished again for the 1983 general election.

Contents

  • Boundaries 1
  • Members of Parliament 2
    • MPs 1885–1950 2.1
    • MPs 1955–1983 2.2
  • Elections 3
    • Elections in the 1880s 3.1
    • Elections in the 1890s 3.2
    • Elections in the 1900s 3.3
    • Elections in the 1910s 3.4
    • Elections in the 1920s 3.5
  • References 4

Boundaries

South East Essex, showing boundaries used from 1918-1945
South East Essex, showing boundaries used from 1945-1950

1955-1974: The Urban Districts of Benfleet, Canvey Island, and Rayleigh; and the Rural District of Rochford.

1974-1983: The Urban Districts of Benfleet, Canvey Island, and Rayleigh.

South East Essex originally comprised a large area including modern day Thurrock district, Castle Point district, Rochford, Southend-on-Sea and the Winstree hundred. However, as the population of the area grew, so did its parliamentary representation.

In 1918, a reformed constituency lost the Winstree hundred and Southend-on-Sea (except Shoeburyness), and gained Billericay.

In 1945, Shoeburyness was handed over to Southend East while Thurrock gained its own representation.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1885–1950

Election Member Party
1885 constituency created (South Essex divided)
1885 William Makins Conservative
1886 Carne Rasch Conservative
1900 Edward Tufnell
1906 Rowland Whitehead Liberal
Jan. 1910 John Kirkwood Conservative
1912 Rupert Guinness Unionist
1918 Frank Hilder Unionist
1923 Philip Hoffman Labour
1924 Herbert William Looker Unionist
1929 John Oldfield Labour
1931 Victor Raikes Conservative
1945 Ray Gunter Labour
1950 constituency abolished

MPs 1955–1983

Election Member Party
1955 constituency re-established
1955 Bernard Braine Conservative
1983 constituency abolished

Elections

Elections in the 1880s

William Wills
General Election 1885: South East Essex [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Thomas Makins 3,707 51.4 n/a
Liberal William Henry Wills 3,500 48.6 n/a
Majority 207 2.8 n/a
Turnout 76.9 n/a
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1886: South East Essex [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederic Carne Rasch 3,758 56.3
Liberal William Henry Wills 2,916 43.7
Majority 842 12.6
Turnout 71.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s

General Election 1892: South East Essex [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederic Carne Rasch 4,901 82.9
Liberal E W Brooks 4,359 47.1
Majority 542 5.8
Turnout 77.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1895: South East Essex [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederic Carne Rasch 5,460 60.8
Liberal D. Milne Watson 3,520 39.2
Majority 1,940 21.6
Turnout 65.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s

General Election 1900: South East Essex [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Tufnell 5,815 56.6
Liberal Rowland Edward Whitehead 4,461 43.4
Majority 1,354 13.2
Turnout 67.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1906 South East Essex[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rowland Edward Whitehead 9,230 56.3 +12.9
Conservative John Robert Pretyman Newman 7,170 43.7 -12.9
Majority 2,060 12.6 25.8
Turnout 79.6 +11.9
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +12.9

Elections in the 1910s

General Election January 1910: South East Essex [7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Hendley Morrison Kirkwood 11,199 54.7
Liberal Rowland Edward Whitehead 9,288 45.3
Majority 1,911 9.4
Turnout 83.1
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election December 1910: South East Essex [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Hendley Morrison Kirkwood 10,108 53.2
Liberal John Henry Burrows 8,891 46.8
Majority 1,217 6.4
Turnout 77.1
Conservative hold Swing
South East Essex by-election, 1912 [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rupert Edward Cecil Lee Guinness unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1920s

General Election 1929: Essex South East [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Richard Anthony Oldfield 18,756 37.6
Unionist Herbert William Looker 18,130 36.3
Liberal George Thomas Veness 13,030 26.1 n/a
Majority 626 1.3
Turnout
Labour gain from Unionist Swing

References

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
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