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Spanish NATO membership referendum, 1986

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Title: Spanish NATO membership referendum, 1986  
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Subject: Prime Minister of Spain, Communist Unification of Spain
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Spanish NATO membership referendum, 1986

A referendum on remaining a member of NATO was held in Spain on 12 March 1986.[1] The proposal was approved by 56.9% of voters.[2]


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Spanish NATO membership referendum, 1986
Do you think it advisable for Spain to remain in the Atlantic Alliance under the terms set down by the government?
Choice Votes Percentage
Yes 9,054,509 56.85%
No 6,872,421 43.15%
Valid votes 15,926,930 92.35%
Invalid or blank votes 1,319,522 7.65%
Total votes 17,246,452 100.00%
Voter turnout 59.42%
Electorate 29,024,494
Source: Ministerio del Interior de España

A majority voted against the proposal in the Canary Islands, the Basque Country, Navarre and Catalonia.


  • Lawrence Leduc, The Politics of Direct Democracy. Referendums in Global Perspective (Broadview Press, 2003), p. 82.

Further reading

  • Anthony Gooch, 'A Surrealistic Referendum: Spain and NATO', Government and Opposition 21(3), pp. 300–16.
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