World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Spectator shoe

Article Id: WHEBN0003580975
Reproduction Date:

Title: Spectator shoe  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Footwear, Raccoon coat, Driving moccasins, Peep-toe shoe, Roller shoe
Collection: 1920S Fashion, 1930S Fashion, 1940S Fashion, History of Fashion, Shoes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Spectator shoe

Men's circa 1930 oxford full brogue spectator shoes

The spectator shoe (British English: co-respondent shoe) is a style of low-heeled, oxford, semi-brogue or full brogue constructed from two contrasting colors, typically having the toe and heel cap and sometimes the lace panels in a darker color than the main body of the shoe.[1][2][3] This style of shoe dates from the nineteenth century but reached the height of popularity during the 1920s and 1930s.[4].


  • Description 1
  • Saddle shoe 2
  • Origin of name 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6


Common color combinations include a white shoe body with black, brown or tan toe and heel caps, but other colors can be used. The spectator is typically an all leather shoe, but can be constructed using a canvas, mesh or suede body. The spectator was originally constructed of willow calf leather and white buck or reverse calf suede. The white portion was sometimes made from a mesh material, for better ventilation in hot weather.

Saddle shoe

The saddle shoe, another style of two-tone oxford shoe, can be distinguished from the spectator shoe by noting the saddle shoe's plain toe and distinctive, saddle-shaped decorative panel placed mid foot.

Origin of name

John Lobb, the famous English footwear maker, claimed to have designed the first spectator shoe as a cricket shoe in 1868.

In the 1920s and 1930s in England, this style was considered too flamboyant for a gentleman, and therefore was called a tasteless style. Because the style was popular among lounge lizards and cads, who were sometimes associated with divorce cases, a nickname for the style was co-respondent shoe, a pun on the colour arrangement on the shoe, and the legal description of a third party caught in flagrante delicto with the guilty party in a case of adultery. Wallis Simpson was famed for wearing this style, although it was said that she was an adulteress and that it was Edward VIII who acted the part of co-respondent.[5]

See also


  1. ^ Drummond 2010.
  2. ^ Matthes 2006, p. 263.
  3. ^ Schur, Ehrlich & Ehrlich 2007, p. 87.
  4. ^ Benstock & Ferriss 2001, p. 49.
  5. ^ World Wide Words: co-respondent shoes


  • Benstock, Shari; Ferriss, Suzanne, eds. (2001). Footnotes: on shoes. Piscataway, New Jersey, United States of America: Rutgers University Press.  
  • Drummond, Sharon (2010). "History of Footwear - Resources - Glossary". History of Footwear. Ryerson University. Archived from the original on 2010-11-04. Retrieved 2010-11-04. Brogue: A laced shoe with many sections, which are punched and serrated around the edges. 
  • Matthes, Betsy Durkin (2006). Dressing the Man You Love: A Woman's Guide to Purchasing, Coordinating, and Caring for His Classic Wardrobe (1st ed.). Shelter Island, New York, United States of America: Peter's Pride Publishing.  
  • Schur, Norman W.; Ehrlich, Eugene H.; Ehrlich, Richard (2007) [1987]. British English A to Zed (Third, revised and updated ed.). New York, New York, United States of America: Facts On File, Inc.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.