World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Spodnje Škofije

Article Id: WHEBN0016716091
Reproduction Date:

Title: Spodnje Škofije  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Zgornje Škofije, Plavje, Highways in Slovenia, Languages of Slovenia, Almerigogna Palace
Collection: Italy–slovenia Border Crossings, Populated Places in the City Municipality of Koper
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Spodnje Škofije

Spodnje Škofije
Prva Škofija (local name)
Spodnje Škofije is located in Slovenia
Spodnje Škofije
Spodnje Škofije
Location in Slovenia
Country  Slovenia
Traditional region Littoral
Statistical region Coastal–Karst
Municipality Koper
 • Total 3.85 km2 (1.49 sq mi)
Elevation 76.2 m (250.0 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Total 1,221

Spodnje Škofije (pronounced ; locally also Prva Škofija,[2] Italian: Scoffie or Albaro Vescovà) is a settlement in the City Municipality of Koper in the Littoral region of Slovenia.[3] A major border crossing on the Highway 5 into Italy is located here, with the Italian side known as Rabuiese.


  • Name 1
  • History 2
  • Church 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


The name Spodnje Škofije literally means 'lower Škofije' (in contrast to neighboring Zgornje Škofije; literally, 'upper Škofije'). Spodnje Škofije is also known locally as Prva Škofija 'first Škofija' ('second', 'third', and 'fourth' Škofija are hamlets of Zgornje Škofije).[2] The name Škofija (literally, 'diocese') is derived from the common noun škof 'bishop',[4] and the numbering refers to tenant farms originally owned by the Diocese of Koper.[5]


Historically linked to Muggia (now in Italy), it was under the rule of the Patriarchs of Aquileia during most of the Middle Ages, until passing under Venetian rule in the 15th century. It remained part of the Republic of Venice until its dissolution in 1797. After that, it passed under the Habsburg Monarchy, the French Empire, before being absorbed into the Austrian Empire in 1813. During the Austro-Hungarian period, it was part of the province of Istria within the Austrian Littoral. According to the last Austrian census of 1910, 63.3% of the population was ethnically Slovene, while 34.6% were Istrian Italians. After World War One, it became part of Italy and it was incorporated in the Province of Trieste. After the war, it was part of the Free Territory of Trieste and it was under Anglo-American military administration until 1954, when it was ceded to Socialist Yugoslavia. During the Ten Day War, fighting between the Yugoslav federal army and Slovenian defense troops took place near Škofije.


The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to the Sacred Heart.[6]


  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. ^ a b Savnik, Roman, ed. 1968. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 1. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, pp. 144, 147.
  3. ^ Koper municipal site
  4. ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 413.
  5. ^ Trasa št. 138: Tinjan Spodnje Škofije (Slovene)
  6. ^ Roman Catholic Diocese of Koper List of Churches May 2008

External links

  • Spodnje Škofije on Geopedia

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.