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St. Paul Roman Catholic Church (St. Paul, Oregon)

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Title: St. Paul Roman Catholic Church (St. Paul, Oregon)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: St. Paul, Oregon, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Portland in Oregon, François Norbert Blanchet, St. Paul's Mission, French Prairie, St. Paul's Catholic Church
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

St. Paul Roman Catholic Church (St. Paul, Oregon)

"St. Paul Mission" redirects here. For the historic mission near Kettle Falls, Washington, see St. Paul's Mission.
St. Paul Roman Catholic Church
Location St. Paul, Oregon

45°12′40″N 122°58′42″W / 45.21111°N 122.97833°W / 45.21111; -122.97833Coordinates: 45°12′40″N 122°58′42″W / 45.21111°N 122.97833°W / 45.21111; -122.97833

Area French Prairie
Built 1846[1]
Architectural style Gothic Revival[2]
Governing body Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Portland
NRHP Reference # 79002098
Added to NRHP October 16, 1979[1]

The St. Paul Roman Catholic Church in St. Paul, Oregon, United States, was the first church in Oregon to be built with bricks when it was constructed in 1846.[3] It is the oldest brick building in the Pacific Northwest.[4] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.[1]


In 1836, French Canadian pioneers on the French Prairie in the Willamette Valley built a log cabin chapel along the Willamette River near the Methodist Mission.[5] This structure was later moved to St. Paul and served as the church for the community until the current structure was built in 1846.[5] After several requests for a religious leader by the French Canadians in the Willamette Valley beginning in 1834, and a second request in 1836, the Roman Catholic Church sent several priests including François Norbert Blanchet to Oregon Country.[6] After receiving permission from the Hudson's Bay Company, Blanchet moved south of the Columbia River and gave the first Mass in the Willamette Valley on January 6, 1840.[6] While preaching to the Catholic community at that church, Blanchet lived behind the altar.[5] On December 11, 1843, Pope Gregory XVI created an apostolic vicarate out of Oregon with Blanchet as the archbishop.[6]

New building

After the original log structure burned down, parishioners decided to replace the old church with a brick structure.[7] On May 24, 1846, the cornerstone was laid on the new red-brick building.[7] Upon completion, Blanchet dedicated the new church building on November 1, 1846.[7]

See also


External links

  • Parish information from St. Paul Parochial School
  • Oregon Historical Society
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