World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

State University of Campinas

 

State University of Campinas

University of Campinas[1]
File:Unicamp logo.png
Established October 5, 1966
Type Public university
Budget R$2,087 billions[2]
Rector José Tadeu Jorge
Academic staff 2,069[2]
Admin. staff 7,841[2]
Students 36,801[2]
Undergraduates 17,083[2]
Postgraduates 19,718[2]
Location Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
Website www.unicamp.br


The University of Campinas[1] (Portuguese: Universidade Estadual de Campinas; UNICAMP or Unicamp) is a public university in the state of São Paulo, Brazil.

Its main campus is located in the Barão Geraldo district of Campinas, with additional campi in Limeira and Piracicaba.

Unicamp is responsible for around 15% of all Brazilian research[3] and has 53.6% of its students at the graduate level.[2]

According to the The Times Higher Education-QS World University Rankings also pointed Unicamp, one of the 50 best "young" universities in the world.

History

Created in 1962, Unicamp's goal was to promote science education in the industrial pole of São Paulo's interior region. As of 2011, the university had around 17,500 undergraduate students, 19,000 graduate students, and 2000 faculty members.

Unicamp, which is responsible for around 15% of all Brazilian research,[3] has courses, colleges and institutes of medicine, nursing, speech therapy, pharmacy, dentistry, biology, physical education, chemistry, physics, mathematics (pure, applied and computational), statistics, computer science, engineering (control and automation, chemical, environmental, food, electrical, computer, mechanical, agricultural, and civil), architecture, geography, geology, economics, arts, music, social communication, literature, linguistics, philosophy, history and social science. It runs two professional vocational high schools, COTUCA (in Campinas) and COTIL (in Limeira).

Unicamp's teaching hospital, Hospital de Clínicas, is the largest public hospital in the region. Unicamp has a semi-independent structure of more than 20 interdisciplinary centers, labs, and groups.

Campus

The plain where lies the University City "Zeferino Vaz," the name given to the campus in Campinas, Unicamp, was part of Rio das Pedras farm. Property of João Adhemar de Almeida Prado, was "sold" by the symbolic amount of a cruise. Almeida Prado received this value from the president Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco. The campus is named after its founder and creator, Professor Zeferino Vaz, who died in 1981. It was he who guided the preparation of the master plan for the University that his "physical and urban layout represented the best possible relationship between the concept and philosophy of the University, its academic and research goals, character and limitations of the terrain, and necessary stages of growth. "It was intended to actually combine the philosophy of the University, which was intended to deploy its territorial deployment.

That's how other previous proposals donation of land in surroundings of Campinas were rejected. Not only aspects of infrastructure have been studied, but it was thought the prospect of further development urban city, considering the location of industries and the possibilities of access to the University. Access could not happen just through the city center: it would be essential to use the highways of the region to facilitate the arrival of people from other cities. It also influenced the choice of the possibility of building strategic research buildings, considering the development of activities that go beyond the activities of graduate students who directs most of the projects of construction of buildings for universities. Unicamp should be generating matrix of faculty and research for the country, dedicated to research and graduate education.

This condition was crucial to the three areas of knowledge were allocated into three major sectors: Exact Sciences, Life Sciences and Humanities. These sectors have links to extensions as the Hospital das Clinicas, Technology Center and Center for Living etc. The beginning of the deployment, however, demanded a territorial occupation with flexibility to allow for expansion of the areas of research on the demand for new activities.

The first building was constructed at the Institute of Biology in 1968. Today, the campus area reaches nearly 3 million square feet and is filled with buildings surrounded by parks and lawns. The initial plan was changed and adjustments due to new requirements that were happening because of the development of the University.[5]

Colleges and schools


The School of Medicine (FCM) is the oldest school of the University.

Its medical assistance programs, education and research develop into a complex that includes Teaching Care Hospital das Clinicas (HC), the Center for Integral Attention to Women's Health (CAISM), the Blood Center, the Gastrocenter, the State Hospital of Sumaré, The Municipal Hospital "Dr. Mario Gatti "and various health centers of the public in the city of Campinas.

The curriculum content is accomplished through the common core disciplines and multidisciplinary integration of four units that share responsibility for the course: the School of Medical Sciences (FCM), the Institute of Biology (IB), the Institute of Chemistry (IQ) and the Center for multidisciplinary Research in Chemistry, Biology and Agriculture (CPQBA).

  • Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica (Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering)

The Mechanical Engineering at UNICAMP began in 1967 with the creation of the Department of Mechanical Engineering FEC - Campinas School of Engineering. The FEC also had Departments of Electrical Engineering and Chemical Engineering. The School of Mechanical Engineering (FEM) was established in 1989 through the dismemberment of FEC.

FEM has cooperation agreements with important institutions and companies[6] like CNPQ, Petrobras, GENERAL MOTORS, MERCEDES BENZ, Usiminas, Brazilian Army,[7] US Air Force[8] and others. Agreements between the University and companies and other institutes are common in Unicamp even on projects managed by students like junior enterprises and extracurricular competitions like Formula SAE and EcoCAR.

  • Faculdade de Engenharia Agrícola (Agricultural Engineering)
  • Faculdade de Engenharia Civil (Civil Engineering, Architecture and Urbanism)
  • Faculdade de Tecnologia (School of Technology)
  • Instituto de Química (Chemistry)
  • Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin (Physics)
  • Instituto de Biologia (Biology)

The Institute of Biology is an academic entity committed to produce and disseminate knowledge at a high level, promote activities of teaching, research and extension services in the diverse areas of Biological Sciences. The Institute of Biology is one of the first three academic units dedicated to teaching, research and extension to be created at Unicamp. The Institute is composed of six departments (Animal Biology; Biochemistry; Genetics and Evolution and Bioagents; Histology and Embryology; Plant Biology; Structural and Functional Biology), and three interdepartmental complementary units: the Herbarium, Zoology Museum and Electron Microscope Laboratory, with about 120 faculty and 190 non-faculty staff. Herbarium- Holds one of the largest collections in Brazil, with some 90 thousand specimens, attending research workers throughout Brazil and abroad in studies of taxonomy, floristic, phytosociology, ecology, plant physiology, floral biology, chemistry, pharmacology, among others. Zoology Museum- Holds collections used for scientific studies, teaching, loans and exposition. The 15 scientific collections contain some 430 thousand specimens. Electron Microscope Laboratory- Integrates the activities of several departments and attends the internal and external academic community as well as companies and firms. It has transmission and scanning electron microscopes and the facilities for the preparation of samples for the study of animal and plant tissues, as well as tissues maintained in culture.[9]

  • Instituto de Computação (Computer Science)
  • Instituto de Matemática, Estatística e Computação Científica (Mathematics, Statistics and Scientific Computing)
  • Instituto de Economia (Economics)
  • Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (Philosophy and Human Sciences)
  • Instituto de Estudos da Linguagem (Languages)
  • Instituto de Artes (Arts)
  • Instituto de Geociências (Earth Sciences) IGe Home page
  • Centro Superior de Educação Tecnológica de Limeira (Technical Education)

Links to colleges and schools can be found here (in Portuguese).

Sports

The university has courts for basketball, volleyball, a regulation soccer field, an athletics field with running tracks, a competition swimming pool, a covered gymnasium for indoor spectator sports, which houses also a convention center. There is also a sports complex in the Faculty of Physical Education, enabling students and the community, access to lots of sports. Engenharíadas (World Heritage Encyclopedia) For interuniversity competitions are formed athletic associations called Ligas (leagues), like LEU (Liga das Engenharias da Unicamp) that unite all athletics of engineering courses. One of most famus competitions is Engenharíadas, that is a tournament between engineering colleges end universities. Unicamp is one of strongest competitors and won in 2012, other strong competitors are University of São Paulo and Mackenzie University.


There is athletic associations for each course, that organize sportive events on Unicamp and with other Universities.

Libraries

The Library System of Unicamp (Sistema de Bibliotecas da Unicamp; SBU) comprises a central library and more than 20 other libraries located in its various colleges. A number of historical libraries and historical and media archives, such as the Arquivo Edgard Leuenroth, have been established. The library system is fully automated and its collections may be accessed and searched on the Internet. Its Digital Library section supports a database with more than 25,000 dissertations presented in the university, in full text, as well access to the largest electronic libraries of academic journals in the world.

Admission

The admission for undergraduate courses is based on an annual open competition called vestibular. The only requirement to be filled is to have a complete high school diploma. The Vestibular comprises two stages: the first is usually done in November, with three essays of various themes and a 48-multiple choice test on Mathematics, History, Geography, Physics, Biology, Chemistry and English. Those who get the minimum scores accomplish the second stage in January, taking tests with 12 questions of each subject, two subjects a day: Portuguese (including Brazilian and Portuguese Literature) and Biology; Chemistry and History; Physics and Geography; Mathematics and English. Until 2005, the candidate had option to take a French test instead of English, but it is no longer an option. Classes usually start in March.

For graduate programs, the university applies tests, interviews and analysis of CVs. Some graduate programs require a specific exam on the area (such as PosComp (in Portuguese), for Computing).

Academic career

  • Auxiliar de Ensino - MS-2 (must have a Master's degree and be enrolled in a doctoral program)
  • Professor Doutor - MS-3 (must have a doctoral or equivalent degree)
  • Professor Associado - MS-5 (must have a Livre Docente title; equivalent to the German Habilitation)
  • Professor Titular - MS-6 (top rank, only MS-6 professors are allowed to hold positions such as Dean of a Faculty/School or Rector of the University)

Administration

As most Brazilian universities, Unicamp's administration is centralized on the figure of a rector. Unicamp rectors have a mandate of four years, and are chosen by the state governor from a list of three candidates. The candidate list is formed by the three most voted by the university community (staff, faculty and students), and the governor has always chosen the most voted candidate as rector. Zeferino Vaz, who drove the installation and establishment of the university, was the first rector and held the position for 12 years.

Hospital

The Hospital de Clinicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (HCUNICAMP), located within the campus of the State University of Campinas, is one of the hospitals of the hospital complex attached to the Faculty of Medical Sciences, UNICAMP, being considered a center of excellence in various medical specialties, having nationally recognized excellence. Currently, the HC has a built up area of 65,000.00 square meters. There are more than 4,000 m² in runners over seven blocks interconnected through which over 10,000 people daily. Along with the other hospitals, the hospital complex FCM-UNICAMP sum over 820 beds, all of SUS, setting among the largest hospital complexes in the country. This hospital aims to promote teaching and research, acting as a support in teaching and training the residents and students of undergraduate and postgraduate medical and nursing Unicamp's own and other accredited institutions.

List of Unicamp rectors

  • Zeferino Vaz (1966–1978)
  • Plínio Alves de Moraes (1978–1982)
  • José Aristodemo Pinotti (1982–1986)
  • Paulo Renato Costa Souza (1986–1990)
  • Carlos Vogt (1990–1994)
  • José Martins Filho (1994–1998)
  • Hermano Tavares (1998–2002)
  • Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz (2002–2005)
  • José Tadeu Jorge (2005–2009)
  • Fernando Ferreira Costa (2009–2013)
  • José Tadeu Jorge (2013–present)

Carlos Henrique Brito Cruz left the office early in 2005 to become the scientific director of the research funding agency FAPESP, and elections were anticipated to choose the new rector.

Unicamp Honoris Causa Doctors

As of August, 2005 the University Council had granted 24 honoris causa doctorate in recognition of contribution made to society by people through their scientific or humanitarian work. This is the full list of the granted people (the date in parentheses designates when the title was delivered).

Notable faculty

CNPEM

The National Center for Research in Energy and Materials (CNPEM) is a research center founded in January 22, 2010 that combines the structure of three national laboratories, the National Synchrotron Light Laboratory (LNLS), the National Laboratory of Science and Technology Bioethanol (CTBE) and National Laboratory of Biosciences, formerly called the Center for Structural Molecular Biology (Cebime). Polo II is located in High Technology, in the district of Barao Geraldo, in Campinas, São Paulo state.


The National Synchrotron Light Laboratory (LNLS) is a research institution on physics, structural biology and nanotechnology by developing projects in the areas of Physics, Chemistry, Engineering, Environment and Life Sciences. The laboratory designed in 1983 began operating in 1997 and is located in the District of Baron Gerard of Campinas, São Paulo. [1] The LNLS has a particle accelerator (a synchrotron) used as light source which is the pioneer of this kind in the Southern Hemisphere and was designed and built in Brazil.

Brazil will start building the third generation of an electron accelerator later this year. The equipment, called Sirius, will be made at the National Synchrotron Light Laboratory (LNLS), in Campinas. With the creation of 40 experiments stations - practically three times the current capacity of the accelerator.

See also

References

External links

  • Unicamp's home page (In English)

Coordinates: 22°49′02″S 47°04′10″W / 22.81722°S 47.06944°W / -22.81722; -47.06944

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.