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Student Peace Union

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Student Peace Union

Student Peace Union (SPU) was a nationwide student organization active on college campuses in the United States from 1959 to 1964. Its national headquarters were located near the campus of the University of Chicago.

The SPU was founded by Fellowship of Reconciliation-affiliated College Peace Union, which had several campus chapters in the Northeast. By December 1961 the group had 1,500 members at dozens of campuses in the Midwest and Northeast, and a year later would expand to 3,500 members, with inroads on the West Coast and in the South.[1] From the beginning, the Young People's Socialist League, then under the influence of the Shachtmanites, poured its members into the group and tried to give it a "Third camp" direction—rejecting both Western capitalism and Soviet communism as equally imperialist.[2]

The SPU organized a number of protests and vigils at the White House. The first was in November 1961 against the resumption of nuclear testing. To their surprise President Kennedy displayed some sympathy for the group, having his disarmament advisers confer with picket leaders and receiving their petitions. A second protest, the "Washington Action" drew 5,000 students in February 1962. Kennedy sent them an urn of coffee on the first day of the protest, which was held during a snowstorm. The event was co-sponsored by Student SANE, the Students for a Democratic Society (which at the time had a tenth of the membership of SPU) and a Harvard affiliate of the SPU called TOCSIN, which was led by Todd Gitlin. TOCSIN was able to initiate some contacts with senators and State Department officials, combining the protest march with lobbying efforts.[3]

The SPU continued its protests against nuclear testing that spring, when they engaged in the first confrontation between police and anti-war protesters of the decade in New York. During the

  • Guide to the Student Peace Union Records 1959-1964
  • A selection of SPU buttons

External links

  • The pacifist ethic and humanism by Philip Altbach [Chicago : Student Peace Union, 1960
  • The Youth Peace Corps and the Cold War by Michael Parker [Chicago : Student Peace Union, 1961
  • Program statement of the 1961 national convention of the Student Peace Union. Chicago: The Union, 1961
  • SPU organizer's handbook Chicago: The Union, 1961
  • Student Peace Union Chicago: The Union, 1962
  • Berlin : a statement Chicago: The Union, 1962
  • Minutes of the Student Peace Union national convention, April 27–29, 1962, Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio. [Ohio? : The Union, 1962
  • Feiffer on Vietnam by Jules Feiffer New York : Student Peace Union, 1960s
  • Bertrand Russell on the war in Vietnam [Bronx, N.Y.] : The Union, 1963
  • Songs for peace; 100 songs of the peace movement. New York, Oak Publications 1966

Publications

  1. ^ Isserman, Maurice If I had a hammer New York, Basic Books 1987 pp.195, 198
  2. ^ Isserman, p.196
  3. ^ Isserman, pp.197-198
  4. ^ Isserman, pp.198-199
  5. ^ Isserman, pp.200-202
  6. ^ Isserman, p.242 n.57

References

Papers of the Student Peace Union are located in the State Historical Society of Wisconsin.

A second incarnation of the Student Peace Union was formed in the fall of 1964 by some of the young SPU members and David McReynolds. While not very prominent nationally, it had chapters on a few campuses not otherwise known for New Left activism - Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania, St. Peter's College, Idaho State University and Rocky Mountain College. It merged with the Campus Americans for Democratic Action to form the Independent Students' Union in 1967 [6]

[5]

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